I have a remote connection to the Ades family by marriage; possibly several connections if I could find enough clues to link everyone.
James Ades married Phebe Whitacre.Phebe was a native of Loudon county, Virginia, as were other Whitacre members in my family tree.I'm not sure if they were among the large group migration to Wayne county, Illinois, or if they came shortly thereafter.Most list that Phebe died in Wayne county during 1851; some list that James died in 1886 in Wayne county, Illinois, while some list that he died on the same date in Columbiana county, Ohio.
My ggg-grandfather was Townsend Richards.I believe his brother-in-law was Isaac Whitacre, who married Phebe Richards in Columbiana county, Ohio in 1817.Townsend and Isaac where listed consecutively in the 1820 census of West township, Columbiana county, possibly with Mrs. Richards in Isaac's household (his parents were living elsewhere).Townsend was a newlywed at the time, and may have actually been living with Isaac, but listed separately.They migrated together to Wayne county in 1838.Mentioned as leading early Wayne county churches was Isaac Whitacre and Cornelius Ades.
Cornelius had married Lucinda Blackford in Carroll county, Ohio during 1836, neighboring on Columbiana county.Cornelius Ades was listed as the first minister of Buckeye Christian church (or Buckeye Church of Christ), established in 1840 in Wayne county, Illinois.In 1854, the Pleasant Grove Church of Christ was established, mostly by former Buckeye members who wanted a church closer to home.Many of my Richards family members are buried in the church yard there.
I have also found references to Rev. Cornelius Ades in Lawrence county circa 1850, but could not find him there in the census.By 1860, he was in Hancock county, Illinois, on the opposite side of Illinois.There again, I know of connections between people residing in Wayne county and Hancock county, but don't know if that had any effect on Cornelius being there.
Rev. Cornelius Ades married the widowed Mrs. Phebe L. Marsh in neighboring McDonough county, Illinois on 17 October 1860.They were said to have resided on her farm at Prairie City for a number of years, then moved to Iowa for a time, then Butler county, Kansas.I know Cornelius had at least one son living there at the time.Cornelius and Phebe were enumerated in the 1885 Kansas census of Butler county as C. Ades (Minister of the Gospel) and P. Ades.With the health of Phebe deteriorating quickly, they returned to McDonough county, Illinois in the late summer or fall of 1888.She died there on 27 October 1888.In January 1889, Phebe's son, Newton Oscar Marsh, filed estate papers on his late mother's estate, and demanded that Cornelius turn over a large sum of money and other personal property he claimed belonged to his mother.Cornelius complied by turning the money over to the court.
Rev. Cornelius Ades soon traveled to Wayne county, Illinois, perhaps to see old friends and family.While there, he met and married Martha Truscott, the widow of Isaac Richards.The Illinois Statewide Marriage Index once listed their marriage, but the record has since been deleted for unknown reasons.He was listed as "Rev. Cornelius ADIS", and she was listed as "Mrs. Martha Richards (nee TRUSCOTT)", dated 21 March 1889.That may have only been the date the license was issued.Another Wayne county source lists that they were married on 4 April 1889.
Rev. Cornelius Ades was listed as dying on 25 September 1889, with his death reportedly occurring in Colchester, McDonough County, Illinois.I have not confirmed this, but I do know he died prior to the hearing into the estate of his late wife, Mrs. Phebe L. Marsh.A jury at that hearing ruled the money and property had been a gift to Cornelius, and ordered it turned over to his estate.A re-trial was denied, so Newton Marsh appealed the case to the 3rd Appellate Court of Illinois; they affirmed the lower court decision in May 1891 (proceedings available through Google website).
As for Martha Truscott, the 3rd wife of Cornelius - she died in Jeffersonville (now Geff), Wayne county, Illinois on 7 July 1907, and was buried with her first husband, Isaac Richards in Pleasant Grove Cemetery (affiliated with the Christian church near Geff, not the Baptist church and cemetery of the same name near Fairfield).Her death certificate listed her name as Martha Ades.
Here are a few census records that I have transcribed:
1860 US Census - Fountain Green Township, Hancock County, Illinois
NA Series: M653Roll: 184Page: 501Sheet: 764Date: 28 July 1860D/F: 2557/3450
Cornelius Ades, 44 M Farmer $1000 $600 OH
Ann Ades, 22 F OH
Ealvis? Ades, 18 M Farmer IL Farmer Attended School
Sylvanus Ades, 14 M IL Attended School
James Ades, 9 M IL Attended School
Daniel Ades, 7 M IL Attended School
Rebecca Ades, 4 F IL
Emoline Mesager, 20 F --- $100 IL
William Thomas, 3 M IL
1865 Illinois State Census - Not Yet Found
1870 US Census - Prairie City, McDonough County, Illinois
NA Series: M593Roll: 256Page: 104Date: 9 August 1870D/F: 163/149
Cornelius Ades, 54 M W Clergyman --- $200 Ohio
Phoebe Ades, 54 F W Keeping House $1200 --- NY
James Ades, 19 M W Laborer IL
Daniel Ades, 17 M W IL
1880 US Census - Not Yet Found
1885 Kansas State Census - Keighley P.O., Glencoe Township, Butler County, Kansas
Date: 1 March 1885Pages: 67 - 69Lines: 26 - 27
C. Ades, 68 M W Married Farmer b. OH from IA Minister of the Gospel, no military experience
P. Ades, 67 F W Married b. NY from IA
My goal in all of this is trying to understand the relationships between the Whitacre and Richards families, and those around them, including the Ades family, with whom they were related to or dealt with in various ways.I'm still stumped as to the parentage of Townsend and Phebe Richards, who certainly appear to be brother and sister.