John A. Alderson, b. ca 1832 in TN was the son of John Alderson (b. ca 1810 TN, d. 1881, Marion Co, IL) and Susannah Edwards. His wife was Nancy Matilda Rogers, whom he married on 16 Aug 1852 in Marion Co, IL.
Unfortunately, the parents of John, b. 1810, are uncertain. Given his residence in Sumner Co, TN, however, it is almost certain that he is a descendant of Richard Alderson of VA (d. ca 1698).