Sorry this is so long. Thia was sent to me in an email today.
The Allen family of Virginia may have originated in Northampton or York County, Virginia, because several members were living in those counties in the early eighteenth century. They were
1i. Jane Allen, born say 1690.
ii. John 1, born say 1703, a "negro" taxable in Edward Miflin's Northampton County, Virginia household in Ralph Pigot's list for 1721 [L.P. 1721-31].
iii. Elizabeth Allen, born say 1706, a "Mulatto" tithable in William Stakes' Northampton County, Virginia household from 1724 to 1731 [L.P. 1721-31].
iv. Sarah Allen, born say 1708, a tithable in Nathaniel Andress's Northampton County, Virginia household in 1725 [L.P. 1721-31]. Sarah was a "Mullattoe" who was charged in Accomack County court on 1 December 1730 with having a bastard child [Orders 1724-31, 217].
1. Jane Allen, born say 1690, was presented by the York County court on 16 November 1761 for failing to list herself as a tithable but discharged from paying levies at the next court on 21 December 1761 when she was described as a "poor old woman" [Judgments & Orders 1759-63, 298, 313]. She may have been the mother of
2 i. Joseph1, born say 1710.
ii. Samuel1, born about 1713, a "Mulatto" bound until the age of twenty-one, eleven years old on 2 September 1724 when he was listed in the inventory of the York County estate of Joseph Walker, Esq. [DOW 16, pt. 2, 329].
3 iii. Elizabeth, born say 1724.
4 iv. Sarah, born say 1730.
2. Joseph1 Allen, born say 1710, was presented by the York County court on 15 November 1735 for not listing his "Molatto" wife as a tithable [OW 18:237]. He purchased 100 acres in Isle of Wight County on the south side of the Nottoway River and east side of Whitewood Swamp on 21 January 1745/6 with William Bynum as witness [DB 7:292]. He sued Roger Brooks for trespass, assault and battery in Isle of Wight County court on 13 November 1747, but he died before the case came to trial. On 12 May 1748 Mary Allen petitioned the court for administration of his estate [Orders 1746-52, 62, 96, 97]. Purchasers at the 5 December 1751 sale of his estate included James Allen, Thomas Tabour (Taborn), Judy Tabour, late Allen, and John Byrd. The account of the estate, recorded on 15 May 1752, included slaves Ben and Kate in the possession of William Bynum who was guardian of the heirs and security for administration of the estate, and it included a payment of 2 pounds, 17 shillings to John Byrd for quitrents on 100 acres of land in 1749. Joseph Allen's daughter Mary Booth, "late Allen," signed (by mark) the estate appraisal [WB 5:391-2; 6:5]. Mary, her husband Lewis Booth, Judith Taborn, and Joseph Allen (by his guardian Lewis Booth) brought a chancery suit against William Bynum and William Allen on 11 July 1754, claiming that William had sold slaves belonging to the estate valued at 80 pounds [Orders 1749-54, 511; LVA Chancery file 1757-003]. Joseph's Allen's children were:
i. Mary, born say 1728, wife of Lewis Booth.
ii. Judy1, born say 1730, married William Taborn in Northampton County, North Carolina, according to the Revolutionary War pension application of their son William [M804-2335, frame 0798]. See further the Taborn history.
iii. ?James, a buyer at the 5 December 1751 sale of the estate of Joseph Allen.
5 iv. Sarah2, born say 1733.
6 v. William1, born say 1735.
vi. Joseph2, born say 1736, an infant orphan of Joseph Allen ordered bound out as an apprentice by the court in Southampton County on 14 December 1749. On 14 July 1757 he brought a chancery suit in Southampton County against William Bynum, administrator of his father's estate. The suit was dismissed on 10 July 1761 due to Bynum's death [Orders 1749-54, 34; 1754-9, 363; 1759-63, 122]. On 6 August 1762 he was sued in Isle of Wight County by Benjamin Baker for a debt of 12 pounds which was charged to (his brother) William Allen who was his security [Orders 1759-63, 347, 505-6]. He left a 20 October 1764 Isle of Wight County will, proved 7 August 1766, leaving all his estate to his sister Sarah Allen who he named executor [WB 6:431]. When the will was proved, the court ordered the sheriff to summon Jesse Allen, brother and heir at law of Joseph Allen, to contest the will [Orders 1764-8, 267]. Perhaps the court meant William Allen.
3. Sarah1 Allen, born say 1730, was presented by the York County court on 16 November 1761 for failing to list herself as a tithable. The case was dismissed on 21 December 1761 when she paid her tax [Judgments & Orders 1759-63, 298, 312]. She may have been the mother of
i. Mary, born say 1748, taxable in Elizabeth River Parish, Norfolk County, in 1768 [Wingo, Norfolk County Tithables, 1766-80, 80].
7 ii. Judy2, born say 1750.
8 iii. John3, born say 1755.
4. Elizabeth Allen, born say 1724, was living in York County on 19 August 1765 when the court ordered the churchwardens of Yorkhampton Parish to bind out her children "unless she shew good cause to the contrary" [Orders 1763-5, 450]. She was taxable in James City County on a free male tithable in 1806 and 1807 and head of a household of 2 female "Free Persons of Colour above 16 years" in 1813 [PPTL, 1800-15]. She may have been the mother of
9 i. John2, born about 1744.
10 ii. Mary, born say 1750.
11 iii. Martha/ Patty, born say 1760.
5. Sarah2 Allen, born say 1733, was living in Southampton County, Virginia, on 9 August 1750 when her son Arthur Allen (no age or race mentioned) was bound apprentice [Orders 1749-54, 80]. She was the executor and only heir of her brother Joseph Allen's 20 October 1764 Southampton County will, proved 7 August 1766 [WB 6:431]. She was the mother of
12 i. Arthur1, born say 1749.
6. William1 Allen, born say 1735, was an infant orphan of Joseph Allen in September 1751 when the Southampton County court allowed his guardian William Bynum additional time to make a return of his estate to court. The sheriff reported that he had removed himself from the county or was avoiding a summons on 13 October 1757 when Henry Crafford obtained an attachment against his estate for 3 pounds, 17 shillings [Orders 1749-54, 167; 1754-9, 391]. He was living in Northampton County on 13 January 1759 when he sold by Southampton County deed 100 acres on the north side of the Meherrin River and east side of Whitewood Swamp (which was the land his father Joseph Allen purchased 21 January 1745/6) [DB 2:16-17]. He sued William Bynum, the executor of his father's estate, in a chancery case in Southampton County on 14 August 1760, saying he was of age and wanted his part of his father's estate. The court ordered the defendant to make an account of the estate and ordered a commission to make a final decree [Orders 1759-63, 59; LVA, chancery case 1761-008]. He was security for a debt (his brother) Joseph Allen owed Benjamin Baker of Isle of Wight County on 6 August 1762 [Orders 1759-63, 347, 505-6]. He was one of the "Black" members of the undated colonial muster roll of Captain James Fason's Northampton County, North Carolina Company [Troop Returns, 1-3]. He was taxable in Granville County in the list of Philip Pryor for 1767 with (his wife?) Ann Allen, Joseph Allen, and Mary Allen "Mollatoes" [Tax List 1767-1809]. He was called William Allen "Mulatto" in Granville County on 5 March 1770 when he bound his daughter Nancy Allen as an apprentice to James Knott [Owen, Granville County Notes, vol.II]. His children were
i. Joseph3, born about 1755, a "Mullatto" taxable in William Allen's household in 1767, a twenty-two-year-old "mullatto" planter listed in the 1778 Granville County Militia Returns [Mil. TR 4-40 by The North Carolinian VI:726].
ii. Mary, a "Mullatto" taxable in William Allen's household in 1767.
iii. Nancy, born 5 July 1757, twelve years old on 5 July 1769, according to her indenture in Granville County court on 5 March 1770.
7. Judy2 Allen, born say 1750, was a "mulatto" living in Norfolk County on 16 July 1772 when the court ordered the churchwardens of Elizabeth River Parish to bind her daughter Jenny to Jacob Williams. She was called a "free negro" on 18 March 1774 when the court ordered her daughters Jenny and Betty bound to John Ransberg [Orders 1771-3, 92; 1773-5, 32]. She was the mother of
i. Jenny, born say 1770.
ii. Elizabeth, born say 1772.
8. John3 Allen, born say 1755, was a "Mulatto" shoemaker apprenticed for two years to John Muirhead of Norfolk County when he ran away on 10 June 1769 according to the 23 November 1769 issue of the Virginia Gazette [Headley, 18th Century Newspapers, 4]. He was called "a free man of mixed blood" in 1787 when the North Carolina General Assembly emancipated his "mulatto" wife Betty and their child Mary, who he had purchased [Clark, State Records, XXIV:930]. He died before December 1799 when (his brother?) Arthur Allen recorded the account of sales of his Northampton County, North Carolina estate [Gammon, Records of Estates, Northampton County, I:110]. His wife was probably the Betsy Allen who was head of a Northampton County household of 5 "other free" in 1810 [NC:710]. His children were
i. Mary, born say 1780.
ii. ?Arthur2, married Patience Hawley, 14 January 1813 Northampton County bond, no bondsman named.
9. John2 Allen, born about 1744 in Williamsburg, registered in Petersburg on 16 July 1810: a brown Mulatto man, five feet eight 1/4 inches high, about sixty six years old, born free in Wmsburg. His wife Polly Jasper registered the same day: a light brown Mulatto woman, five feet one half inches high, fifty years old, born free in Chesterfield County, wife to John Allen [Register of Free Negroes 1794-1819, no. 635-6]. They were the parents of
i. ?Sally, born about 1777, registered in Petersburg on 11 July 1810: a light brown Mulatto woman, five feet two inches high, thirty three years old, born free & raised in the Town of Petersburg [Register of Free Negroes 1794-1819, no. 633].
ii. Eliza, born about 1777, registered in Petersburg on 25 August 1795: (daughter of John Allen a free Mulatto) a dark brown Mulatto girl, four feet eleven inches high, eighteen years old, & raised in the Town of Petersburg [Register of Free Negroes 1794-1819, no. 103].
iii. Jane, born about 1778, registered in Petersburg on 31 December 1794: a light brown, Mulatto woman, five feet three inches high, sixteen years old, daughter of John Allen, a free Mulatto, born free & raised in the neighborhood of Petersburg & by the request of her father registered [Register of Free Negroes 1794-1819, no. 97]. She was head of a Petersburg household of 2 "other free" and a slave in 1810 [VA:118b].
iv. ?Dicy, head of a Petersburg household of 1 "other free" and a slave in 1810 [VA:118b].
v. ?Jerry, born about 1785, registered in Petersburg on 13 August 1806: a light brown Free Negro man, five feet six inches high, twenty one years old, born free & raised in the Town of Petersburg [Register of Free Negroes 1794-1819, no. 392].
10. Mary Allen, born say 1750, was taxable on a horse and 4 cattle in James City County in 1782 [PPTL, 1782-99]. She may have been the mother of
i. Joseph4, born say 1771, taxable in James City County from 1792 to 1814: taxable on a horse in 1792 and 1793, taxable on 2 free male tithes from 1801 to 1804, called a "mulatto" in 1810 and 1813 [PPTL, 1782-99; 1800-15].
ii. Samuel2, Sr., born about 1773, registered in York County on 19 September 1831: 5 feet 3 1/2 inches high, tawny complexion, about 58 years of age, large eyebrows, high cheek bones, bony face...Born free [Free Negroes Register 1831-50, no. 289].
iii. James, born say 1784, a "Mulatto" taxable in James City County from 1805 to 1814 [PPTL, 1800-15].
11. Martha Allen, born say 1760, was head of a York County household of 6 "other free" in 1810 [VA:887]. She was taxable in York County on a free tithe and a horse from 1810 to 1812, head of a household of 2 "free Negro or mulattos over 16" in 1813 and taxable on a head of cattle in 1815 [PPTL, 1782-1841, frames 350, 373, 384, 419]. She was probably the mother of
i. Thomas, born about 1784, registered as a free Negro in York County on 18 October 1813: black fellow abt 29 yrs. of age, 5 feet 4-1/2 Inches high, long visage...Born free in the parish of Yorkhampton [Register of Free Negroes 1798-1831, no.72].
ii. William3, born about 1790, taxable in York County on his own tithe and a horse in 1814 [PPTL, 1788-1841, frames 402, 419]. He registered as a free Negro in York County on 21 February 1814: of dark complexion abt. 23 years of age, 5 feet four Inches high...large eyebrows & short hair. Born of a free woman [Register of Free Negroes 1798-1831, no. 76].
12. Arthur1 Allen, born say 1749, was ordered bound apprentice in Southampton County on 9 August 1750. He was living in Southampton County when he, John Byrd, Jr., Hardy Beal, Arthur Allen, Arthur Byrd and James Byrd were sued by Jesse Watkins in a case that was dismissed at their costs on 11 February 1773 [Orders 1768-72, 83; 1772-7, 107]. Arthur was head of a household of 2 "Black" persons 12-50 years old and 4 "Black" persons less than 12 or over 50 years old in Captain Dupree's District of Northampton County in 1786 for the North Carolina state census. He was head of a Northampton County household of 9 "other free" in 1790 [NC:74] and 10 in 1810 [NC:710]. He purchased 171 acres in Northampton County from Giles and Sarah Cook of Southampton County for 45 pounds on 24 November 1775 and purchased the same land from them eighteen years later on 26 March 1793 for the same price. Arthur and his wife Amy sold it soon afterwards to Nathaniel Edwards for 77 pounds by an undated deed proved June the same year [DB 6:100; 10:42, 48]. He died before 5 June 1815 when his estate was administered by William Hawley. His wife at that time, Esther, received one year's provisions on 8 June 1815 [Minutes 1813-21]. His children were
i. ?William2, born say 1780, married Elizabeth Booth, 12 December 1804 Nash County bond, William Pilgrim bondsman. William Allen was head of a Franklin County household of 7 "other free" in 1810 [NC:825].
ii. ?Amy, head of a Northampton County household of 6 "free colored" in 1820 [NC:212]. She had a bastardy suit against Anthony Wells on 7 June 1820 and against John Chavers (Chavis) on 6 June 1822 in the Northampton County court [Minutes 1817-21, 281; 1821-25, 110].
iii. Green, son of Arthur Allen and Esther Williams, born in Northampton County on 7 February 1807 and died on 7 August 1879 in Cass County, Michigan [Cass County Death Certificate], married Angelina Wade, daughter of John Wade, 14 October 1829 Northampton County bond, Anthony Deberry bondsman. Green Allen was head of a Northampton County household of 5 "free colored" in 1830.
Three mixed-race Allen children were bound apprentices in Cumberland County, North Carolina, by order of the court in February 1764. They were
i. Rachel, born about 1754, a "Mullattoe Girl ten years old" in February 1764.
ii. Benjamin, born about 1756, an "orphan Mullattoe Boy".
iii. Juda3, born about 1760, an "Orphan Mullattoe Girl" [Minutes 1759-65, 102, 108].
Other members of the Allen family were
i. Richard, (a white man) presented by the Westmoreland County, Virginia court on 29 March 1733 for living in adultery with Ann, a "Mulato woman." The presentment was dismissed because they had married in Maryland [Orders 1731-9, 75a]. She may have been the Ann Allen of Cople Parish, Westmoreland County, who was presented by the grand jury on 28 November 1738 for having a "Mulatto" child [Orders 1731-9, 296, 302].
ii. William, a "Mulatto" who acknowledged an indenture to Christian Allen in Henrico County court in February 1767 [Orders 1763-7, 676].
iii. William, a "milato" taxable in the household of James Hemphil in Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1768. "Jude a millata" was also taxable in Hemphil's household [NCGSJ VIII:40].
iv. Simon, head of a Frederick County household of 8 "other free" in 1810 [VA:595].
v. John, "free negro" head of a Fairfax County household of 10 "other free" in 1810 [VA:232].
vi. Saunders, head of a Goochland County household of 4 "other free" in 1810 [VA:682].
vii. Exum, born about 1781, registered in Southampton County on 21 February 1804: age 23, bright mulatto, 5 feet 8 inches high, free Born [Register of Free Negroes 1794-1832, no. 302].