Bill, have you studied these folks? Thanks very much for your effort in posting. I've had some more help and have been studying for a while. These are the notes I have on this census extract. I haven't been able to work back from J.W. Anderton as yet. Suspect he was the immigrant from SC or NC.
Arrie Mary Ray [William, Jabel, Hezekiah] was born 18 Oct 1878 in Moore County, Tennessee. She died 17 Oct 1956 in Tullahoma, Tennessee where she lived with husband Harold Byas Anderton at 104 Dossett Homes. She and Harold were married 2 May 1897 in Moore County. They are buried in the yard of Raysville Baptist Church. Harold Byas Anderton b. 13 Dec 1871 d. 29 Feb 1960 in Coffee County, Tennessee. Harold was the son of John W. Anderton and Mary T. Heath. John W. and Mary were married 20 Jan 1861 in Bedford County, Tennessee by John H. Holt, minister of the Gospel. Their marriage bond was signed by John H. Anderton who may have been the father of John W. (or his brother?).J.W. and Mary are listed on the 1880 Moore County census with their family as follows:
J.W. Anderton 42 WM Farmer TN VA NC [b. 1838] Mary T. 40 wifekeeps house TN PA KY [Mary T. Heath m. J.W. 20 Jan 1861 Bedford County, TN] Sallie 18 WF daughter [b. ca 1862] G.J. 17 WMson farmer [b. ca 1863 m. A. E. Baxter 20 Dec 1888?] Edgar (Robert) 11 WM son [b. 30 Dec 1868 d. 24 Jul 1955 Tullahoma] m. Martha Elizabeth Evans (lived at 210 E. Moore St. Tullahoma) H.B. [Harold Byas] 8 WM son (father of William Horace Anderton) Mary J. WF 6 daughter [b. ca 1874]
On 20 Jul 1905 John Washington Anderton filed a Confederate pension application, which is in the Tennessee Archives, file no. S7269 for his health problems claimed from his service with the 37th Tennessee Infantry. His claim was denied, but the gave a strong argument. John stated that he was born 29 Jul 1827 in Bedford County, Tennessee and enlisted in the 37th on Nov 30, 1861. He said in his own writing “I contracted kidney trouble during my service in the Confederate States Army. I was not discharged, was told by my Captain to go home and stay ‘til I got well. This was about June 1862. I was sick, and rather than go to prison, I took the oath [of allegiance to the United States]. This was about the better part of 1863.” He listed a wife age 54, no children living with me, 2 boys and a girl. “Farming is my business.” He listed possession of twenty acres, a milk cow and two sheep. John also claimed bronchitis and gastritis. William Melvin Ray wrote a letter of support as did W.R. Ray (dealer in General Merchandise and Thoroughbred Poultry). John’s claim was , nonetheless, rejected. An additional note said he enlisted August 15, 1861 and was reported on a company roll July 24, 1863 as having deserted July 1, 1863. Editor’s note: Desertion was very common in the Confederate States Army. Support for these troops was many times non-existent with disease caused from malnutrition and exposure to the weather being the main problem coupled with a lack of pay in most cases. Men with large families signed up for short time periods. When the time drew near they were asked to extend their service in most cases assuming they had survived to that point. In many regiments, the majority of the men were left on battlefields where they fell or interred in common graves. For most at the end of their stint, there was simply no one to take care of their families. This war was a brutal time, testing the merit of all who came close. Survival was the only trophy. – LDC 2003