I have recently come across some resources that may (or may not) be of some use for you."I need the facts just the facts."
In the book "Pennsylvania German Pioneers", v1 on pages 600 thru 604 it has listed an "Aldolph Ourback" who came to America through Philadelphia, Pa. aboard the ship "Adventure" in 1754.The ship set sail from Hamburg, Germany (note this may not be where Adam "Adolph" came from, just where he sailed from).
In the same book on page 604 Adolph's last name is actually spelled as Urbach.I mentioned that just toshow that even in his native country they spelled his name several different ways. In the wills probated for Greenbrier County (at the time Virginia) for 1800 it mentions a Adam Arbaugh that his wife was "Mary Griffths the daughter of Able Griffths".Again I have not positively confirmed this.
Adam is supposed to have had at least three children: Barbara Arbaugh born about 1815-1830 in Greenbrier County. A second daughter who I have not run accross the name of yet, and a son, John Arbaugh who I am supposed to be decendant from born about 1770.
It is said also the Adam/ Adolph had come to America with his brothers.This is probably false, however, I did find an Lorentz Erbach and Balthes Erbach whith "sisters" who came to this country, just not at the same time.Let me give you the info.
In the same book, Pennsylvania German Pioneers", v1 on page 355, Lorentz Erbach is listed as having coming to America on the ship "Phoenix" from "Rotterdam & last from Crowes." The date for this is October 20th, 1744.
Also in Pennsylvania German Pioneers", v1 on page 372, Balthes Erbach is listed as having coming to America on the ship "Edinburgh" from "Rotterdam but last from Portsmouth." The date for this is September 5th, 1748.
Clearly on different dates!
In the book "Eighteenth Century Register of Emigrants from Southwest Germany", on pg 102 there is listed a "Lorenz Erbach" who left Germany to came to the US in 1743. There is also a "Balthasar Erbach" who left Germany to came to the US in 1748.
Also mentioned is a "Ana Catharina Erbach" who left Germany to came to the US in 1741.And finally mentioned is a "Martha Margaret Erbach" who left Germany to came to the US in 1747.
Two things here are worth mentioning, first there is no mention of Adam or Adolph in "Eighteenth Century Register of Emigrants from Southwest Germany", which shows him related to the Erbachs; this is not to say he is not related to the Erbachs, but I do find it strange that in a country where there is a town called "Arbaugh", which is located in the same region, that the name would not also be "Arbaugh", just a hunch.
Now al of this could be because of all the different spellings that I have not run accross his (Adam or Adolph)yet (but I'll keep looking), secondly all of the Erbachs mentioned here come not only from the same region but the same town, and I'll explain the importance to this a little later.
The town that these people came from was St. Johann/ Sprendlingen which is located in a region of Germany called "Franconia" at the time of their occupation, now Franconia is located in "Deutschland" and is in the Rhieneland part of Germany, very near what today is called Frankfurt and is not anywhere near Hamburg.
Now as prommised, the story as I heard from my father.My father was Charles Forest Arebaugh, born to Leonard W. Arbaugh and Edith May (Leonard being from Vinton County, Ohio and my father being from Farmersburg, Sullivan County, Indiana), is that the family originated in Germany in the Rheineland and that they were actually German-Deutsch (as different from Dutch).With the info from the above sources (I hope that from more sources in the future), I will be able to paint a more complete picture based on more accurate info., but for now I can only speculate that I am on the right track.
I hope this helps you all, and I hope that you can give me some insight into this.