Descendants of Antoine Archambault
Compiled by Janet Manseau Donaldson
Use as a guide
Generation No. 1
1.Antoine1 Archambault was born about 1572 in La Rochelle, Aunis, France.He married Renee Ouvrard Bef. 31 Dec 1604 in France.She was born about 1577 in La Rochelle, Aunis, France.
Child of Antoine Archambault and Renee Ouvrard is:
+ 2 i. Jacques2 Archambault, born about 1604 in Lardilliere a Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 15 Feb 1688 in Fief de Verdun, Montréal, QC.
Generation No. 2
2.Jacques2 Archambault (Antoine1) was born about 1604 in Lardilliere a Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died 15 Feb 1688 in Fief de Verdun, Montréal, QC.He married (1) Francoise Toureau/Tourault about 1629 in Dompierre sur Mer, France, daughter of Francois Toureau/Tourault and Marthe Lenoir.She was born about 1600 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died 08 Dec 1663 in Montréal, QC.He married (2) Marie Denot 26 Jan 1666 in Cap de Madeleine, QC, daughter of Elie Denot and Marguerite LaFons.She was born about 1606 in Angoulème, Angoumois, France.
Notes for Jacques Archambault:
His first name was Archambaldus.It was a Germanic name that had been Latinized.The name is derived perhaps from "indigene audacieux".Indigene means "indigenous or native" and audacieux means " audacious or bold.
Jette originally had him as being married on 24 Jan 1629 at St. Philibert du Point ChaRaux/Rault, Poitou, France.Fichier Origine claims that this information was wrong and Jette corrected his records.
He was a plowman (laborer) and wine maker.Jacques arrived in New France about 1645 with his wife and 6 children.He traveled with Pierre Legardeur of Repentigny, the director of a new company for the inhabitants.In 1647 Jacques (now a farmer) rented a farm in Québec on the seigniory of Lachenaie.
On 15 Sept.1647, Jacques became a concessionary of a parcel of land at Cap Rouge.
Between 1651 and 1653 his family seems to have alternated between Montréal and Québec. The family was in Montréal during the terrible summer of 1651. Jacques barely escaped the massacre. Their son Denis was accidentally killed by the fragments of a canon explosion which he was getting ready for the third blow against the Iroquois.In 1654 this settler decided to move permanently to Montréal on a parcel of land near where the weapons were located.
With his son-in-law Urban Tessier, Jacques Archambault was chosen among those to defend the stronghold known as "l'Enfant Jesus" in Montréal. This small fort was situated at the extremity of Tessier's grant. Its defenders, who were also its proprietors, were responsible for its being guarded 24 hours a day.
Jacques was given credit for having dug the first well in Montréal on 11 Oct. 1658.This was a well for Paul de Chomedey.
In 1678, when Jacques was 74 years old, his three sons-in-law and his son Laurant granted a life pension to him "a septuagenarian and quite unable to work and to earn his living and clothing, for the natural friendship they bear him, as they always have."The 1681 census found Jacques and his second wife Marie in the fief of Verdun, a suburb of Montréal. He died at age 84.
By 1800, Jacques Archambault had 8,445 recorded married descendants, 423 of them were still carrying the surname Archambault.
Notes for Marie Denot:
She was widowed twice before she married Jacques Archambault.
Children of Jacques Archambault and Francoise Toureau/Tourault are:
3 i. Denis3 Archambault, born 12 Sep 1630 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 26 Jul 1651 in Montréal, QC.
+ 4 ii. Anne Archambault, born about 1632 in Dompierre sur Mer, Charente Maritime, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 29 Jul 1699 in Montréal, QC.
+ 5 iii. Jacquette Archambault, born about 1634 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 17 Dec 1700 in Québec City, QC.
+ 6 iv. Marie-Anne Archambault, born 24 Feb 1636 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 16 Aug 1719 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
7 v. Louise Archambault, born 18 Mar 1640 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died Bef. 1645 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France.
+ 8 vi. Laurent Archambault, born 10 Jan 1642 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 19 Apr 1730 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
Generation No. 3
4.Anne3 Archambault (Jacques2, Antoine1) was born about 1632 in Dompierre sur Mer, Charente Maritime, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died 29 Jul 1699 in Montréal, QC.She married (1) Michel Chauvin-dit-St.Suzanne 29 Jul 1647 in Québec City, QC, son of Gabriel Chauvin and Marie Drouard.He was born 14 Jan 1612 in St. Suzanne, Laval, Maine, France, and died Bet. 08 Oct 1650 - 08 Feb 1651 in France.She married (2) Jean Gervaise 03 Feb 1654 in Montréal, QC, son of Urbain Gervaise and Jeanne Pebise.He was born about 1611 in Touraine, France, and died 12 Mar 1690 in Montréal, QC.
Notes for Michel Chauvin-dit-St.Suzanne:
He married Anne Archambault on 29 July 1647 in Québec. They had two children in Montréal.He died in France between 8 Oct 1650 and 8 Feb 1651 where he was previously married to Louise Delisle at about 1636 in Voutré, Laval, Maine.
Children of Anne Archambault and Michel Chauvin-dit-St.Suzanne are:
9 i. Paul Chauvin4 Chauvin, born 27 Mar 1650 in Montréal, QC; died 08 Apr 1650 in Montréal, QC.
10 ii. Marie-Charlotte Chauvin, born 05 Apr 1651 in Montréal, QC; died 31 Oct 1718 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.She married Jean Beaudoin 27 Nov 1663 in Montréal, QC; born about 1639 in La Rochelle, France; died 25 Sep 1713 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
Notes for Marie-Charlotte Chauvin:
She was adopted by Jean Gervaise, her step father.
Child of Anne Archambault and Jean Gervaise is:
11 i. Urbain4 Gervais, born 08 Dec 1673 in Montréal, QC; died 06 Jun 1713 in Montréal, QC.He married Genevieve Perthuis-dit-Lalime 19 Mar 1701 in Montréal, QC; born 17 Oct 1680 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 28 Aug 1774 in Montréal, QC.
5.Jacquette3 Archambault (Jacques2, Antoine1) was born about 1634 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died 17 Dec 1700 in Québec City, QC.She married Paul Chalifour 28 Sep 1648 in Québec City, QC (ct Feb 1656, Badeau), son of Mathurin Chalifour and Marie Gaborit/Gaboury.He was born 26 Dec 1612 in Périgny, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died Bet. 27 Dec 1678 - 13 Oct 1680 in Notre Dame des Anges, QC.
Notes for Jacquette Archambault:
About 1645 this young pioneer, at age 13, came to Canada with her parents.
Notes for Paul Chalifour:
The history of the Chalifoux and Chalifour families, a history dating back more than three centuries, as does most of the French Canadians' ancestors.This is due to the fact that very few of their church and court records were destroyed by wars.
Paul Chalifour was born to Paul Chalifour and Marie Gaborit on December 26, 1612, at Périgny, in Aunis. Born to a family that belonged to the Reformed church, Paul was baptized four days later.
We know very little about the years he spent in France. In 1644, at the age of 32, he converted to Catholicism since the registers held by the Parish of Notre-Dame de La Rochelle records his first marriage, to Marie Jeannet, the daughter of Claude Jeannet, a merchant, and Marie-Jeanne Mallebault of La Rochelle. The bride was born in the town of Forges, in Aunis. Their marriage contract was signed on February 20, 1644 and their marriage was celebrated on April 10.
On June 5, 1645, Marie, the only child who resulted from this marriage, was baptized in La Rochelle. It is presumed that Paul Chalifour was widowed in 1647. On May 1 of that same year, he was interred in the Palais de La Rochelle prisons. The reasons for this are not known. Immediately after his release, Chalifour set out, without any children, for the French colony in North America. Although no contract has been found, on September 15, 1647, he agreed to build a house for François de Chavigny and Éléonore Grandmaison. The master carpenter never left the country. It is possible that Paul Chalifour was recruited by the Juchereau brothers with whom he signed construction contracts in 1648 and 1649.
He married a second time, with Jacquette Archambault, the daughter of Jacques Archambault and Françoise Toureault. At the time of their marriage, which resulted in fourteen children, Paul and Jacquette did not sign a marriage contract.
On October 29, 1649, Paul Chalifour agreed to build the framework of a mill for Jacques Leneuf de la Potherie. He received 1,000 pounds, minus the value of two flour barrels, a barrel of lard and 50 jars of alcohol, for his work.
It is thought that Paul and Jacquette settled in lower Québec City, next to Zacharie Maheu. In 1666, the carpenter’s family moved to the Notre-Dame-des-Anges seigniory in Charlesbourg (the Domaine des Maizeret is located there now). At that time, they had seven animals and fourteen arpents of land had been cleared on a piece of land that measured a total of three arpents by fourteen.
On December 11, 1678, Paul Chalifour, who was bedridden, dictated his final wishes. He died soon after that, but no death certificate has been found. At the time of his death, he left 10 or 12 children. In 1690, only ten survived to share a piece of property in Canardière; the other belonged to Jacquette Archambault. It is that house which was burned by Admiral Phipps’ men on Wednesday, October 18, 1690, after the battle in which he lost 150 men.Jacquette was buried in December 1705.
Children of Jacquette Archambault and Paul Chalifour are:
12 i. Marie4 Chalifour, born 05 Oct 1649 in Québec City, QC; died 12 Oct 1663 in Québec City, QC.She married Joachim Martin 05 Nov 1662 in Notre-Dame, Québec City, QC (ct 17 Oct, Audouart); born about 1636 in D'Aytre, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 30 Jun 1690 in St. Pierre de l'Île d'Orléans, QC.
Notes for Joachim Martin:
This pioneer, at age 20, on 11 Apr 1656 signed a contract to go and work in Québec for three years.A few days later he left LaRochell on the ship LeTaureau, under the protection of Francois Peron.
The early death of his 15 year old wife was a fast and painfuloccasion for him and her parents.They were married only 13 months and had no children.One can only wonder if this young woman died while attempting to give birth.
On Dec. 10, 1664 Joachim obtained a concession on the Island of Orleans, the future parish of St. Pierre.The 1667 census shows that he owns 9 arpents of land that is under cultivation.
In 1681 this family is recorded in the census at Petite Auvergne, where he owned a rifle, 10 horned animals and 15 arpents of land under cultivation.Joachim's father in law is listed with them.He was 60 years old.
They spent the summer of 1684 in Québec City and in 1685 returned to Île Orleans, in the parish of St. Pierre, where their last two children were baptized.
He died on June 30, 1690 after being very sick at theHôtel Dieu Hospital in Québec City.
13 ii. Marguerite Chalifour, born 23 Apr 1652 in Québec City, QC; died 28 Dec 1705 in Québec City, QC.She married Jean Badeau 28 Oct 1665 in Québec City, QC; born about 1641 in Ste. Marguerite of La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 26 Aug 1711 in Québec City, QC.
14 iii. Jeanne Chalifour, born Jan 1654 in Québec City, QC; died 17 Nov 1682 in Unknown, QC.She married Francois Bibeau 17 Aug 1671 in Québec City, QC; born about 1632 in La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 24 Sep 1708 in St. François du Lac, Yamaska, QC.
15 iv. Simone Chalifour, born 18 Oct 1655 in Québec City, QC; died 26 Oct 1695 in Hôtel Dieu de Québec City, QC.She married Julien Brousseau/Brosseau, (Damien &Marg.Omelet) 28 Oct 1668 in Québec City, QC; born about 1640 in Bretagne, France; died 12 Jan 1713 in Charlesbourg, QC.
16 v. Francoise Chalifour, born 04 Dec 1657 in Québec City, QC; died 05 Jul 1697 in St. Pierre de l'Île d'Orléans, QC.She married Jacques Nolin 18 Nov 1671 in Québec City, QC; born about 1645 in La Rochelle, Aunis, France; died 15 Feb 1729 in St. Pierre de l'Île d'Orléans, QC.
17 vi. Jeanne-Anne Chalifour, born 25 Sep 1659 in Québec City, QC; died 17 Jan 1743 in Québec City, QC.She married Germain Langlois, (Michel & Catherine Leclerc) 14 Jul 1675 in Québec City, QC; born about 1650 in Paris, France; died 17 Feb 1709 in Québec City, QC.
18 vii. Marie-Louise Chalifour, born 03 Sep 1661 in Québec City, QC; died 29 May 1735 in Québec City, QC.She married Joseph Vandandaigue-dit-Gadbois 18 Apr 1678 in Québec City, QC; born about 1653 in Belgique, France; died 10 Jan 1725 in Charlesbourg, QC.
19 viii. Paul Chalifour, born 07 May 1663 in Québec City, QC; died 29 May 1718 in Québec City, QC.He married (1) Catherine Huppe-dit-Lagrois 22 Jan 1685 in Beauport, Montmorency, QC (ct 21, Vachon); born 06 Oct 1668 in Québec City, QC; died 29 Sep 1685 in Beauport, Montmorency, QC.He married (2) Marie-Jeanne Philippeau 28 Nov 1686 in Québec City, QC (ct 14, Genaple); born about 1666 in France; died 27 Aug 1708 in Québec City, QC.He married (3) Marie-Madeleine Brassard 04 May 1711 in Québec City, QC (ct 3, Dubreuil); born 09 Sep 1676 in Petit Riviere St. Charles, QC; died 02 Jun 1752 in Petite Riviere St. Charles, QC.
Notes for Paul Chalifour:
He had no children with his first wife.With his third wife Paul Francois had 4 children.All four died within four months of birth.
Notes for Catherine Huppe-dit-Lagrois:
She drowned while crossing the St. Charles River.
20 ix. Marie-Madeleine Chalifour, born 24 Mar 1665 in Québec City, QC.
21 x. Etienne Chalifour, born 21 Mar 1667 in Québec City, QC; died 10 Nov 1687 in Québec City, QC.He married Claudine-Claude Bourbeau, (Simon & Fran. Letard) 29 Oct 1687 in Charlesbourg, QC; born 04 Sep 1671 in Québec City, QC; died 10 Oct 1688 in La Canardiere, QC.
22 xi. Pierre Chalifour, born 12 Dec 1668 in Québec City, QC; died 25 Mar 1715 in Charlesbourg, QC.He married (1) Anne Magnan/Mignier 17 Oct 1689 in Bourg Royal, Charlesbourg, QC (ct 24 Sep, Vachon); born 14 Mar 1672 in Québec City, QC; died 10 Oct 1743 in Charlesbourg, QC.He married (2) Anne Magnan-Mignier 17 Oct 1689 in Bourg Royal, Charlesbourg, QC; born 14 Mar 1672 in Québec City, QC; died 10 Oct 1743 in Charlesbourg, QC.
23 xii. Anne-Jeanne Chalifour, born 15 Apr 1670 in Québec City, QC; died 12 Dec 1730 in Beauport, Montmorency, QC.She married (1) Jean Normand 06 Jun 1686 in Québec City, QC; born 23 Jan 1661 in Québec City, QC; died 11 Feb 1691 in Hôtel Dieu de Québec City, QC.She married (2) Jean Delage-dit-Lavigueur, (Jean &Mich.Mazerole) 07 Feb 1692 in Beauport, Montmorency, QC; born 23 Oct 1661 in St. Andre de Exideuil sur Vienne, Charente, France; died 06 Mar 1724 in Beauport, Montmorency, QC.
24 xiii. Jean-Baptiste Chalifour, born 09 Jan 1672 in Québec City, QC; died 25 Jan 1672 in Québec City, QC.
25 xiv. Claude Chalifour, born 30 Jan 1673 in Québec City, QC; died 15 Feb 1731 in Québec City, QC.
6.Marie-Anne3 Archambault (Jacques2, Antoine1) was born 24 Feb 1636 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died 16 Aug 1719 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.She married (1) Urbain Tessier-dit-Lavigne 28 Sep 1648 in Notre Dame de Québec City, QC, son of Arthur Tessier and Jeanne Meine/Meme.He was born about 1625 in Indre et Loire de Château la Vallière, Touraine, France, and died 21 Mar 1689 in Montréal, QC.She married (2) Gilles Lauzon 27 Nov 1656 in Montréal, QC, son of Pierre Lauzon and Anne Boivin.He was born about 1630 in Normandie, France, and died 21 Sep 1687 in Montréal, QC.
Notes for Marie-Anne Archambault:
She came to New France with her parents.
Notes for Urbain Tessier-dit-Lavigne:
He was 42 years old in the 1666, 40 in the 1667 census and 55 in the 1681 Montréal census with his family.
Children of Marie-Anne Archambault and Urbain Tessier-dit-Lavigne are:
26 i. Charles4 Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 18 Jul 1649 in Montréal, QC; died 24 Jul 1649 in Montréal, QC.
27 ii. Paul Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 05 Feb 1651 in Montréal, QC; died 26 Apr 1730 in Longue Pointe, QC.He married Marie-Madeleine Cloutier 13 Oct 1681 in Château Richer, Montmorency, QC; born 23 Sep 1662 in Château Richer, Montmorency, QC; died 10 Feb 1748 in Long Pointe, Montréal, QC.
28 iii. Madeleine Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 19 Jul 1653 in Montréal, QC; died Bef. 1666 in Unknown, QC.
29 iv. Laurent Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 03 Jun 1655 in Montréal, QC; died 27 Sep 1687 in Montréal, QC.He married Anne Lemire 20 Oct 1681 in Québec City, QC; born 13 Mar 1664 in Québec City, QC; died 11 Jun 1750 in Montréal, QC.
30 v. Marie-Louise Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 26 Mar 1657 in Montréal, QC; died 09 Apr 1727 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.She married Pierre Payet-dit-St.Amour, (Pierre & M. Martin) 23 Nov 1671 in Montréal, QC; born about 1641 in Gascogne, France; died 25 Jan 1719 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
31 vi. Agnes Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 23 Mar 1659 in Montréal, QC; died 24 Jan 1733 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.She married Guillaume Richard-dit-LaFleur 26 Nov 1675 in Montréal, QC; born about 1641 in Saintonge, France; died 02 Jul 1690 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
Notes for Guillaume Richard-dit-LaFleur:
His surname was Richard and his nickname was Lafleur.Lafleur was his military nickname.All French soldiers received a nickname when they enlisted in the army.In New France (Canada) there were 68 soldiers who carried the military nickname (nom de guerre) of Lafleur (the flower).None of these 68 soldiers were in the same company and all had a different surname.Duplication of "dit" names were not allowed within the same company.Lafleur is one of the most common family names in Québec.Jette found more that 60 families with this nickname.At the end of the 17th century, of over 100,000nicknames of French soldiers found in the registration records at the Paris invalids Hospital, there were 1211 soldiers with the military nickname of Lafleur.
Guillaume was a Sargeant of the Garison of Montréal in 1674 and a lieutenant of the Malicia at Pointe aux Trembles in 1688 and 1690.He was killed by the Iroquois on 2 July 1690 and buried on 2 Nov 1694.
Guillaume Richard-dit-LaFleur was a soldier with the LaVerenne Company of the Carignan-Salières Regiment.
Here is a bit of history about the Carignan soldiers.
"Please Don’t Call It A Ship!" by Don Curley
While visiting Québec City and Cartier Brébeuf Park in the northeast section of the city, we came upon a wondrous site. On dry land, there was a replica of Cartier’s vessel, La Grande Hermine which was open to visitors1. (N.B. see footnote below) As I looked at that small craft, it brought back sharp memories of a year at sea on a U.S. Navy landing craft, twice as long, and all of the hazards of sailing the Atlantic Ocean were instantly recalled.
It’s been well more than 50 years since those days at sea and I can remember each of the severe storms; where we were, how long they lasted, how they approached our vessel and
what we did to lessen their impact. Then I thought how many people are able to appreciate the hazards and difficulties of the ocean voyage never having had a similar sea-going experience.
The ocean voyage from France to New France (Canada) was not an easy experience by any standard. Take a moment and think about this vessel, just how long and wide do you think it was? Our early emigrant ancestors embarked on a terribly small vessel/ craft (please, do not call it a ship) for a journey westward to a new life, a passage that would be frightening, dangerous and could even be fatal. An Atlantic crossing could take between three weeks and even more than three months.
When they arrived in New France/ Acadia, most of our ancestors experienced one or more of the difficulties in founding a new country. The attacks of the very hostile Iroquois, accidents and disease without medical help, childbirth almost alone in the wilderness, drawing water during a Canada winter, food supplies that might not arrive from France before the long winter, crop failures and other obstacles too numerous to consider. However, all experienced the very bitter cold of a northern winter and the most dangerous ocean voyage to New France/Acadia.
Consider some basic facts that apply in almost every crossing. The voyage would begin in early spring, after the winter storms subsided, to permit the vessel’s return to France in the fall before the following winter’s storms began. The vessels used were not large, replicas of those in common use during the period from the early 1600s to early 1700s can be visited in Quebec City. If Quebec City is not possible for those on the east coast, there are alternatives. The replicas at Plymouth, Mass. (Mayflower), Manteo, NC the Virginia Dare settlement2, and those at Williamsburg, VA are not the same, but very similar.
The wind powered these clumsy craft and our ancestors did not have a favorable following wind from France to New France. In general, the wind blows west to east and sailing into the wind makes for an extended passage. Storms, fortunately not as frequent in the summer, could slow the passage to some degree. Lack of a favorable wind was probably the most common problem encountered.
This small vessel,2 less than 80 feet long, would carry a crew of about twenty officers and sailors, about 80 passengers or more, and cargo for the year ahead. The “distinguished” passengers might obtain the use of the cabin above the main deck.
The majority of the passengers would be berthed on the ‘tween deck :in between the exposed main deck and the hold, where cargo and supplies were carried. Not every captain would permit free access to the main deck to “landsmen” and especially children. Keep in mind that to fall overboard from this slow-moving and difficult-to-maneuver vessel was almost certain to be fatal. Sailing the craft was in itself a very hard task which would be made even more difficult by the passengers who were in the way on the main deck “skylarking” about.
On the ‘tween deck, ventilation and light would be provided by the two open hatches leading up to the main deck. There were 4 to 6 ports in the side of the vessel that on calm days could infrequently be opened to provide additional ventilation. There were hammocks for the crew, perhaps some for the passengers, but most likely the majority of passengers slept on the hard deck. These were fairly short people, in general, so the minimal headroom on the ‘tween deck probably was not as difficult as today’s folk would find it. Drinking water would be carried in a wooden cask and would not improve with the passage of time and the heat of summer. The important folk might have wine to mix in to improve the water’s taste; the majority might mix with cider.3
There was no fresh water for washing, saltwater does not make for great cleanliness or comfort but it was available in great quantities. I will leave the minimal sanitation facilities to your imagination. The most important item was the supply of fresh water for drinking and, on an extended voyage, this was the most serious danger.
Food would be dried beans, grains, etc. although animals, and their feed and water, would be carried to provide some fresh meat, but only for a short period.
Fuel charcoal). would be required for the cooking fire but you can forget baking. Have you ever considered baking bread (the staple of a French diet on a small vessel pitching and rolling about on a huge ocean? Not very likely I’m sure. Flour would be full of insects in those damp conditions, ship’s biscuit hard tack. would be carried as a substitute.
After a few days no fresh vegetables and fruits were available. All the
conditions to cause outbreaks of dehydration, scurvy, and dysentery among the passengers and crew were in place. All vessels carried a cat not as a pet but to control the rat problem that was a constant threat in all vessels. Rats lived in the bilges, the very bottom of the hull where every bit of waste accumulated.
A nautical phrase that continues in everyday use, even on land, when a storm is approaching is “time to batten down the hatches.” The two open hatches on the vessel must be covered in heavy weather when the ocean waves build and water cascades onto the main deck. If the hatches were not sealed, water could flow down through the hatch into the hull. The vessel would become unmanageable and would sink.
When the storm approached, the passengers all being on the ‘tween deck, the heavy wooden hatch cover was placed over the hatch, then a piece of canvas, the battens, were then nailed over the canvas and the hatch cover into the hatch side. These folks were then confined in this dark, wet area :no vessel is without some leakage until the storm subsided. The very natural breathing process of 60 to 70 people in the confined space would provide enough moisture without any saltwater leakage from the storm.
To this add the effects of ‘mal de mer’, a French phrase that is so much more lyrical than the very graphic English ‘seasick.’ To be confined in this dark, wet, violent, cold space for several days might be very difficult to imagine, but your ancestors very likely did endure such conditions and survived.
To gain a better feeling of how very severe the effects of an Atlantic Ocean voyage were in 1665, read Gerald Lalonde’s description of the men in the Carignan Regiment.4 The words and phrases used by Gerald:
“standards were high, big and strong physically, fighting spirit mentally.” Then turn to Dave Toupin’s small piece on the Atlantic crossing of the last eight companies of the Carignan Regiment in the summer of 1665.5 They left LaRochelle on May 24 on board the Saint Sébastien and the Justice and arrived in Quebec City September 12. Of these vigorous healthy soldiers, 20 died during the voyage, another 130 were too weak to walk off the vessels, another 35 died from this latter group.
After 121 days at sea, that such a severe toll could be exacted from a group of healthy young men, consider the effects it undoubtedly had on pregnant women, children and the older people who made such a crossing.
If you have a reaction to some of the rather unpleasant aspects of this small vessel crossing the Atlantic Ocean, please also consider how this story began.
My year at sea was spent on board a United States Navy vessel the same width but twice as long with a crew of about 35 men. This is over 300 years later with engines, not sails, heat, electric lights, refrigerators, and a multitude of other technological advances. I clearly remember storms, the terrible tasting water, the poor diet, the constant dampness and so
Stephen Ambrose, the distinguished historian, in his book "D Day, 6 June 1944,” quotes a Lt. Ryan describing his voyage to a Normandy Beach on a landing craft (sister to the one on which I served) using the phrases “roller coaster” and “bucking bronco” to describe his ocean crossing.
I would suggest you take a drive to the nearest playground, with a partner, get on a child’s seesaw and go up and down, not fast, but consistently for a good while. Then I would like you to consider that you do this for 24 hours, 36 hours, or even more. Think about laying down on this teeter board trying to go to sleep, or better yet, while going up and down, try eating and drinking. Taking this a step further, do this eating and drinking on a dark damp evening without light when it’s cool and you are wet from the rain.
I do hope that this story has caused you to pause for a moment to once again consider how much more respect our emigrant ancestors are due from us. The voyage was a common experience to all, some voyages may even have been comfortable and short. More likely they fell in the middle between comfortable and the very deadly crossing of the Carignan Regiment described before.
It is tough enough to imagine what the King’s Daughters must have been feeling when they left their home land in France to help in the colonization of New France, but consider what they must have been thinking when they finally stepped on solid ground after a crossing as described above! I doubt many considered turning around and going back home! It might even have been a primary consideration for our Carignan soldiers who chose to stay in New France after their service to the Crown was completed.
1La grande Hermine, 78 feet 9 inches long, 25 foot beam wide, round bottom, can be seen on dry land in Cartier Brebeuf National Park 415~694~0381, 175 Rue de l’Espinay, CP 2474 Postal Terminal Quebec, Quebec, Qc giK 7R3. (Ed. Note: The replica was demolished in Sept. 2001 much to the dismay of locals. I
2The Saint Jehan from LaRochelle to LaHeve/Port Royal in 1635; the shipping list still survives a crew of 18, and 78 passengers aboard.
3A quart of water per day per person, not a lot for cooking and drinking purposes, for 3 weeks 525 gallons, for 3 months 2,200 gallons. Drinking water could be collected in a rain storm in an old canvas sail not too clean and probably somewhat salt encrusted but it would helpT. A modern barrel holds 55 gallons for sizing estimates. Might some fish be caught to help alleviate the diet restrictions?
4"The Carignan-Salières Regiment” by Gerald R. Lalonde, ACGS #F1029 .C277 L212, published by ACGS.
5“Sent by the King” Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp.8, Journal of “La sociëté des files du roi et soldats du Carignan” by Dave Toupin.
American-Canadian Genealogist, Issue #93, Volume 28, 3rd Quarter, 2002
32 vii. Urbain Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 07 Jun 1661 in Montréal, QC; died 24 Mar 1685 in Montréal, QC.
33 viii. Jean-Baptiste Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 14 Jun 1663 in Montréal, QC; died 06 Dec 1734 in Montréal, QC.He married (1) Jeanne Leber, (Francois & Jeanne Testard) 21 Nov 1686 in Laprairie, QC; born about 1671 in Unknown, QC; died 04 Dec 1687 in Laprairie, QC.He married (2) Louise Caron 21 Apr 1688 in Laprairie, QC; born 25 Jul 1674 in Ste. Anne de Beaupré, Montmorency, QC; died 13 Apr 1703 in Montréal, QC.
34 ix. Claude Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 25 Dec 1665 in Montréal, QC.
35 x. Jacques Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 24 May 1668 in Montréal, QC; died 23 Jun 1670 in Montréal, QC.
36 xi. Petronille Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 18 Mar 1670 in Notre Dame de Montréal, QC; died 18 May 1751 in L'Enfant Jesus, Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.She married Pierre Janot-dit-Lachapelle 31 Jan 1684 in Montréal, QC; born 27 Mar 1660 in Montréal, QC; died 01 Jul 1725 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
Notes for Pierre Janot-dit-Lachapelle:
He contracted to work out West on 20 May 1692.Pierre Janot dit LaChapelle and his brother Robert Janot dit LaChapelle were "out west".The Detroit area was considered out west.They were voyageurs and lived in Detroit under Cadillac.
In the Detroit directory it was recorded that "Pierre Janot went there on May 22, 1709 with the nephew of his brother Robert Janot.
37 xii. Jean-Baptiste Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 26 Jan 1672 in Montréal, QC; died 19 May 1736 in Longueuil, Chambly, QC.He married Elisabeth-Isabelle-Marie Renaud-dit-Desmoulins 04 Nov 1698 in Montréal, QC; born 09 Oct 1681 in Montréal, QC; died 11 Nov 1747 in Montréal, QC.
38 xiii. Pierre Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 21 Feb 1674 in Montréal, QC; died 23 Feb 1674 in Montréal, QC.
39 xiv. Jacques Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 02 Mar 1675 in Montréal, QC; died 07 May 1738 in Montréal, QC.He married Marie Adhemar-dit-St.Martin 10 May 1699 in Montréal, QC; born 28 Oct 1679 in Champlain, QC; died 17 May 1754 in Montréal, QC.
40 xv. Ignace Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 11 Mar 1677 in Montréal, QC; died 03 Mar 1747 in Repentigny, l'Assomption, QC.He married Marguerite-Marie Lussier/L'Huissier 23 May 1703 in Repentigny, l'Assomption, QC; born 03 Sep 1683 in Varennes, Vercheres, QC; died 07 May 1748 in Repentigny, l'Assomption, QC.
41 xvi. Nicolas Tessier-dit-Lavigne, born 17 Jun 1679 in Montréal, QC; died 03 Jan 1757 in Hôpital Général de Montréal, QC.He married Marie-Genevieve Auger-dit-Baron 27 Jan 1716 in Montréal, QC; born 22 Jan 1699 in Montréal, QC; died 30 Oct 1748 in Montréal, QC.
Children of Marie-Anne Archambault and Gilles Lauzon are:
42 i. Marguerite4 Lauzon, born 24 May 1659 in Montréal, QC; died 13 Nov 1699 in Montréal, QC.She married Etienne Fortier/Forestier-dit-Lafortune 23 Nov 1672 in Montréal, QC; born about 1649 in Saintonge, France; died 04 Aug 1724 in Montréal, QC.
43 ii. Seraphin Lauzon, born 09 Dec 1668 in Montréal, QC; died 19 May 1737 in Montréal, QC.He married Elisabeth-Isabelle Chevalier 07 Oct 1697 in Montréal, QC; born 29 Oct 1679 in Montréal, QC; died 20 May 1742 in Montréal, QC.
8.Laurent3 Archambault (Jacques2, Antoine1) was born 10 Jan 1642 in Dompierre sur Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died 19 Apr 1730 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.He married Catherine Marchand 07 Jan 1660 in Montréal, QC (ct 14 Dec 1659 Basset), daughter of Pierre Marchand and Genevieve Lepine.She was born about 1644 in St. Sulpice, Paris, France, and died 25 Feb 1713 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
Notes for Laurent Archambault:
A carpenter and ship builder, Laurent was born 10 January 1642 in Dompierre-sur-Mer (near the diocese of La Rochelle), Aunis, the sixth of seven children of plowman and wine maker Jacques Archambault and Françoise TouRaux/Rault, who were married 24 January 1629 in the parish of Saint-Philibert in Le Pont-ChaRaux/Rault (diocese of Luçon), Poitou. His father was born about 1604 in the village of Lardillière in Dompierre-sur-Mer, the son of Antoine Archambault and Renée Ouvrard. Laurent arrived in Canada in 1647 at the age of five with his parents, four older sisters and brother Denis. His father initially worked the farm of Pierre Le Gardeur de Repentigny.
Laurent and Catherine settled at the Côte Saint-Ange.Son Laurent died some time before the 1666 census, which finds the family at Montréal. A second Laurent was baptized 29 June 1668 at Montréal.
In 1674, Laurent Archambault was chosen to be one of the churchwardens for the future chapel of Enfant-Jésus at Pointe-aux-Trembles.The 1681 census confirms the family's presence at Pointe-aux-Trembles.Marie-Genevieve and Marie-Madeleine became nuns with the Hôtel Dieu de Montréal, while Marie entered the Congregation Notre-Dame.
Laurent Archambault was buried at Pointe-aux-Trembles 19 April 1730.
Notes for Catherine Marchand:
"Filles à Marier", page 215, Catherine Marchand was born about 1644 in the parish of Saint-Sulpice in the faubourg Saint-Germain section of Paris, the daughter of Pierre Marchand and Genevieve Lespine. After losing both parents, Catherine was brought to New France in 1659 by Jeanne Mance, arriving at Montréal aboard the Saint-André on 29 September 1659.
On 07 January 1660, Catherine married Laurent Archambault in Montréal. Both spouses signed the marriage contract drawn up 04 December 1659 by notary Basset.
Catherine Marchand was buried 25 February 1713 at Pointe-aux-Trembles.
Children of Laurent Archambault and Catherine Marchand are:
44 i. Laurent4 Archambault, born 20 Jan 1662 in Montréal, QC; died Bef. 1666 in Montréal, QC.
45 ii. Catherine Archambault, born 25 Feb 1664 in Montréal, QC; died 27 Jan 1738 in Hôtel Dieu de Montréal, QC.
Notes for Catherine Archambault:
She was a Novice in Dec of 1677 at the hospitalHôtel Dieu in Montréal.
46 iii. Marie-Genevieve Archambault, born 09 Apr 1666 in Montréal, QC; died 04 Oct 1687 in Montréal, QC.
47 iv. Laurent Archambault, born 29 Jun 1668 in Montréal, QC; died 29 Mar 1749 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.He married Anne Courtemanche-dit-Jolicoeur 21 Oct 1686 in Point aux Trembles, Montréal,QC; born 09 Mar 1666 in Montréal, QC; died 04 Aug 1737 in Longue Pointe, QC.
Notes for Anne Courtemanche-dit-Jolicoeur:
She was a mid-wife.
48 v. Jacques Archambault, born 27 Mar 1671 in Montréal, QC; died 09 Oct 1725 in Longue Pointe, QC.He married Marie-Francoise Aubuchon-dit-Lesperance 15 Feb 1694 in Montréal, QC; born 24 Mar 1677 in Montréal, QC; died 05 Jun 1746 in Longue Pointe, QC.
49 vi. Anne Archambault, born 07 Mar 1674 in Montréal, QC; died 15 Jan 1688 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.She married Nicolas Desroches/Desrochers, (Jean & F. Gaudet) 21 Apr 1687 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; born 07 Oct 1652 in Montréal, QC; died 27 Apr 1737 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
Notes for Anne Archambault:
She died from complications of child birth of her first child.The male child died at birth and was not baptized.
50 vii. Andre Archambault, born 27 Sep 1676 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 19 Oct 1750 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.He married Cecile-Marie Adhemar-dit-St.Martin 13 Nov 1702 in Montréal, QC (ct 12 Nov 1702 Rev. Raimbault); born about 1684 in Unknown, QC; died 27 Mar 1765 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
51 viii. Pierre Archambault, born 23 Mar 1679 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 16 Oct 1753 in Rivière des Prairies, QC.He married Marie-Catherine Lacombe 21 Nov 1701 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; born 10 Jan 1681 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 27 Jul 1763 in St. Antoine sur Richelieu, QC.
52 ix. Francoise Archambault, born 29 Aug 1681 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 10 Aug 1717 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.She married Toussaint Beaudry, (Toussaint & Barbe Barbier) 20 Nov 1697 in Montréal, QC; born 20 Mar 1672 in Montréal, QC; died 11 May 1744 in Montréal, QC.
53 x. Jean Archambault, born 06 Oct 1683 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 31 May 1732 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.He married Cecile Lefebvre-dit-St.Jean 04 Jun 1708 in Montréal, QC; born 09 Sep 1688 in Montréal, QC; died 07 May 1759 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC.
54 xi. Marie-Madeleine Archambault, born 01 Sep 1685 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 27 Sep 1741 in Hôtel Dieu de Montréal, QC.
Notes for Marie-Madeleine Archambault:
She became a professional nun on 29 Oct 1704 atHôtel Dieu of Montréal.This was the local hospital.
55 xii. Marie Archambault, born 11 Dec 1688 in Pointe aux Trembles, Montréal, QC; died 10 Jul 1714 in Montréal, QC.
Notes for Marie Archambault:
She became sisterl'Enfant Jesus in Montréal.
Hi, I have decided to post all my Québec pioneer ancestor at the different GenForums because a lot of individuals doing genealogy research don’t realize that their ancestors can be found as early as the 1600s.
My resources are limited because I live in Oregon. I hope that you use this information only as a guide. I welcome corrections and additions from anyone that has access to the original files.
Originally I paid a genealogy society to trace the direct lines for 6 of my 8 great grandparents. They used the books that were compiled by volunteers for each parish. Because so many individuals had the same name, I eventually found some errors in these books. Then I used Tanguay and found out that he may be about 75% right and Jette (that goes to 1730) is about 90% right. Then just as I thought that I was finished, I found PRDH (University of Montreal) and I believe that they may be 98% right and still make corrections to their records. They go up to 1799 for marriage contracts and 1850 for some deaths. Some people have the luxury of having the original records at their disposal. I do not have that and with 17,000 individuals in my data base, I can not afford to pay for copies of all the originals. At that point I confirmed every that I had with the records at PRDH. Whenever I say “about” for a birth date it means that PRDH did not find it or if it is in the 1800s, I did not look it up because of my lack of resources.
PRDH uses the most common spelling variation for the names. This makes it easier to trace the families. They do not always use the original name that appears on the contracts or birth records. That is ok with me, because many individuals before the 1900s could not sign their names and did not even care how others spelt it. As a result the same person’s name took on a variety of spellings. I also kept the “dit” (aka) names because eventually brothers from the same family, picked a different aka name.For a very small fee PRDH has all the Canadian records from 1600-1799 and some death dates up to 1850.Their records are about 18% accurate.They can be found at:
As for the pioneers, I also used Peter Gagné’s English books on the single girls that arrived in New France between 1634 & 1662 and his book on the single girls that are referred to as the King’s Daughters that arrived between 1663 & 1673. These girls were recruited and paid by the King to go to New France (Québec) to get married and colonize the area.
For the 1800-1900s I paid to prove my direct lines.My data for their extended family come from people on the web. The program that I use does not allow for baptismal dates, so if I don’t have a birth date, I use the baptismal date. The same goes for death vs. burial dates and actual wedding vs. contract dates. The newer programs have these features, but I will not be going through 18,000 records to make the changes.
Use this information as a guide only. I view genealogy as a hobby and not as pure science.As for the stories, I got them all in French on the web and I translated them for my grandchildren.I had not read or spoken French in over 40 years, so it was difficult and may not be the best translation.