This is the Sampson Archer said by the LDS Ancestral files to be both the brorther of John, the father of Betsy Ann Archer, and apparently father of himself.
Can anyone help sort this out?
We know John and Sampson are brothers. We know that John Matthews, a contemporary of the two Archer brothers, and involved in records with them, was married to Ann ??? and had a son named Archer, another named Sampson. The information that Betsy was an Archer comes not from these records, but from the LDS records, which are confused and untrustworthy. Here are the records I have found from Chalkley's Chronicles.
Does anyone have a will for Sampson? Or a source for the claim that Sampson is the father of Betsy Ann Archer?
I think that's impossible, because Sampson and John Matthews, wife of Betsy Ann, are clearly about the same age and generation.
Lyman Chalkley, CHRONICLES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA
V. 2, P. 507
The date of the Musters has been fixed by Mr. Joseph A. Waddell, the author of that most delightful, exhaustive and valuable work, "The Annals of Augusta County," as the year 1742.
COPIES OF MUSTERS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY.
William Beverley, Esq., County Lieutenant; James Patton, Colonel; Capt. John Smith, No. 1; Capt. Andrew Lewis, No. 2; Capt. John Buchanan; No. 3; Capt. James Cathey, No. 4; Capt. John Christian, No. 5; Capt Sam Gay, No. 6; Capt. Peter Sheul (Scholl), No. 7; Capt. James Gill (First Burgess), No. 8; Capt. John Willson, No. 9; Capt. Hugh Thompson, No. 10; Capt. George Robinson, No. 11; Capt. John McDowell, No. 12.
Heare followeth a list of all the Muster (?) of Augusta County under their respective officers and Captains:
Captain John Smith's List: John Smith, Captain; John Moffet, Lieutenant; William Anderson, Ensign; Daniel Daniston, Sergeant; Sam Hogshead, John Hogshead, Will Hogshead, Dan. McAnear, Math. Edmeston, John Finley, Walter Trimble, John Francis, Robert Ralston, John Young, Alex. Blair, Alex. Craig, Thomas Gillespy, And. Erwine, Benj. Erwine, John Erwine, Edw. Erwine, John Trimble, James Trimble, Rob. Moffett, James Wright, Rob. King, Jam. Armstrong, John Pattison, Jas. Lesley, Felix Kanady, Thomas Gordon, And. Mitchell, Jas. Robertson, Gabrl. Pickins, Rob. Leeper, Sam. Moore, John Miller, James Miller, Patr. Quine, Mat. Armstrong, John Ramsey, Dan. Daniston, Sam Northward, Rob. Renick, John Archer, Sampn. Archer, Jam.'s Sayers, Thos. McCulough, George Anderson, John Anderson, Rob. Poage, Rob. Patterson, Jas. Craford, Will Baskins.
V. 3, P. 256
Page 20.--19th June, 1746. Zeruiah Borden, widow, of Frederick County and Benj. Borden, of Augusta, executors of Benj. Borden, late of Orange, to Francis McCune, £3 current money Virginia; 328 acres, part of 92,100 acres patented to Benjamin, Sr. 6th November, 1739, the Barrens on the south side of the creek; corner to Joseph Kennedy. Witnesses, Jno. Smith, Samson Archee, Repentance Townsend. Acknowledged by Benjamin in person and for Zeruiah, 19th June, 1746.
V. 2,P. 379
LAND ENTRY BOOK NO. 1, AUGUSTA COUNTY.
1746, August 19th--Alexander Gardner, 400 acres, between John Hogshead and Sampson Archer.
V. 1, P. 21
ORDER BOOK No. I
August 20, 1746
(74) Cap. Daniel McAnaire to be overseer of above road with following tithables: Samuel Wallis, Alexr. Crawford, John Elliott, David Trimble, John Hogshead, Alexr. Gardner, Sampson Archer, Alexr. Gibson, Robt. Davis, Thomas Gardner, Walter Trimble, John Sixby, David Stuart, Ro. Renix, Francis Gardner, John Trimble, Thomas Beard, Ro. Gilkason, John Archer, James Bell, James Mills, James Dyer, Charles Clendening, Wm. Hogshead, Ro. Ralstone, John Moffet, Saml. Lusk, James Phillips, Danl. Brealey, Mathew Edmonston, James Trimble, John Ferguson, Wm. Anderson, John Spears, John McKenney, Wm. Brady, Ro. Armstrong, James Miller.
V. 3, P. 266
Page 472.--22d January. 1747-8. £75. William Anderson to Robt. Gilkeson, 400 acres on a branch of Cathey's River called Anderson's branch granted to Wm. Anderson by patent, 1st December, 1740; corner to James and John Hogshead. Teste: Samson Archer, John Francis, George Anderson. Acknowledged by William, 16th March, 1747, and dower released by Elizabeth.
V. 2, P. 376
LAND ENTRY BOOK NO. 1, AUGUSTA COUNTY.
1749, September 27th--Sampson Archer, 400 acres adjoining the land he lives on; surveyed.
V. 1, P. 436
Petition of inhabitants between Jennings Branch and North River (Gap of Swift Run), it being the nighest way to the chief of our market places, May 20, 1752. Hands to mark ye said road, Sampson Archer and John Young. Hands to mark from Gap to North River, John Hair and Hugh Gamble, and thence to the great road already cut. From Gap to Long Glade, thence to North River, thence to the great road leading to the Gap. Patrick Frazer (rest torn).
V. 3, P. 24
Page 414.--20th May, 1752. Improvements on John Hogshead's plantation. £40, by Simpson and John Archer. 21st May, 1752, John Gray's appraisement by Danl. Lyle, William Caruthers, Archd. Alexander.
V. 3, P. 25
Page 432.--18th June, 1752. Alexander Gibson's bond as administrator of Daniel Gibson, with sureties John Patterson, Sampson Archer.
V. 3, P. 79
Page 262.--27th March, 1753. Robert Armstrong's will, yeoman--Eldest son, James, possessed of 350 acres for which the Government is paid, therefore testator gives him no more; son, Robert, all lands and moveables; executor, wife Lydia. Teste: Jno. Jones, Jhorn (?) Armstrong, Sampson Archer. Proved, 20th April, 1753, by Jones and Armstrong. Executor qualified (with Jho. Armstrong, James Gamwell)
V. 3, P. 276
Page 357.--28th November, 1749. John Smith, Gent., to William Mathews, weaver, Moffett's branch, a branch of Cathey's River. Patented to John Smith, 10th February, 1748. Delivered: John Archer, November, 1753. Teste: Samson and John Archer and Robert Renick.
V. 1, P. 74
ORDER BOOK No. V
NOVEMBER 18, 1756.
(247) Sampson Archer qualified Lieut. of Militia.
V. 2, P. 445
Page 186.--23d November, 1756: Vestry met: Sampson Archer elected Vestryman, vice Col. Patton, deceased. John Mathews, Jr., elected Vestryman, vice Major John Smith. John Archer and John Christian continued Wardens.
V. 3, P. 44
Page 181.--23d February, 1757. John Hogshead's appraisement, by John Archer, Sampson Archer, Thomas Armstrong.
Page 185.--16th March, 1757. John Hinton's bond (with Daniel Harrison, Sampson Archer) as guardian (chosen) to Thomas O'Neal (aged
16), orphan of John O'Neal.
V. 3, P. 45
Page 193.--21st March, 1757. Marks Miller's appraisement, by Sampson Archer, Jno. Huston, Jno. Cravens.
V. 3, P. 47
Page 227.--21st March, 1757. Marks Miller's appraisement, by Sampson Archer, John Cravins, John Hinton
V. 2, P. 445
[19th November, 1757]
Pages 196.--John Mathews and Sampson Archer elected Wardens. Glebe buildings reported unsatisfactory--suit to be brought. Robert Breckinridge chosen Vestryman, vice John Mathews, deceased.
V. 3, P. 352
Page 546.--14th March, 1758. Sampson and George Mathews, executors of John Mathews, Jr., £8.12, 291 acres on Mill Creek in Fork of James; Thos. Williams line, cor. Joshua Mathews; cor. Wm. Bradshaw. Teste: Audly Paul, Wm. Mathews.
V. 3, P. 47
Page 225.--15th March, 1758. Jacob Siver's bond (with Sampson Archer, Ephraim Love) as administrators of Henry Lawrence.
V. 3, P. 49
Page 251.--19th May, 1758. Mathew Ration's bond (with Abraham Smith, Sampson Archer) as administrator of Jno. Reager.
V. 3, P. 49
Page 253.--20th May, 1758. Mathew Patton's bond (with Jas. Lockhart, Sampson Archer) as guardian (appointed) to Hanna Hause, orphan of Henry Hause.
V. 3, P. 353
Page 45.--15th November, 1758. David Hogshead, farmer, and heir of Wm. Hogshead and Margrit to Charles Stewart, shoemaker, £7, 54 acres on head drafts of Moffet's Creek patented to William, 16th August, 1756. Teste: James Bell. Sampson Archer, Jno. McKemey.
V. 1, P. 83
ORDER BOOK No. VI
NOVEMBER 18, 1758.
(233) James Lockhart, Robert Breckinridge, Abraham Smith, and James Alexander, qualified Captains of Militia. Sampson Archer, qualified Lieut. Militia.
V. 3, P. 276
Page 362.--28th November, 1749. John Archer and Rebecca, his wife, to James Sayers (Sawyers), 225 acres; Buffalo Lick Creek, a branch of Cathey's River. Corner Ro. Renick. Delivered: Samson Archer, March, 1759.
V. 3, P. 318
Page 472.--22d November, 1753. Captain Robert Armstrong and Lydia to James Armstrong, 1753, 70 acres, part of tract patented to Robert on Middle River where he now lives. Delivered: Sampson Archer, March, 1759.
V. 2, P. 446
Page 239.--16th May, 1759; John Love, orphan, bound to Sampson Archer.
v. 3, P. 54
Page 313.--18th May, 1759. William Wilson's bond (with Sampson Archer, Jno. Mathews) as administrator of Joseph Bell.
v. 3, P. 55
Page 341.--7th October, 1759. James Armstrong's nuncupative will Wife, Sarah (pregnant); daughters, Liddy and Jean. Executors, wife Sarah and Bro. Robt. Armstrong. Teste: Thomas Lloyd, Samuel Archer. Proved, 21st November, 1759, by witnesses, and executors qualified, with Sampson Archer, James Bell.
V. 3, P. 344
Page 353.--29th May, 1750. Daniel McAnaire and Hannah to James Sayers. £80, 147 acres, part of 400 patented to Daniel, 10th June, 1740 and bounded by a tract laid off for Thos. Gardner on west and one for Alex Gibson on east. Teste: Jean ( ) Beard, William Christell. Delivered: Sampson Archer, November, 1759.
V. 2, P. 447
Page 263.--26th November, 1759: Vestry met: John Madison resigned as Vestryman. Sampson Archer and John Mathews continued Wardens.
v. 3, P. 56
Page 350.--18th March, 1760. James Armstrong's appraisement, by John Finley, Sampson Archer, James Hogshead, Andrew Foster.
V. 3, P. 343
Page 347.--18th August, 1756. Henry Smith and Amie (Ernie) ( ) to John Poage, £45, 135 acres on Howell Branch patented to Henry, 3d November, 1760, cor. Abraham Smith. Teste: Sampson Archer, Daniel ( ) Callachan.
V. 3, P. 60
Page 429.--19th November, 1760. Thomas Gardner's appraisement (Thos. and Ann Gardner, executors) by Sampson Archer, Andrew Foster, John Finley.
V. 2, P. 447
[25th November, 1760]
Page 320.--Sampson Mathews chosen Vestryman vice Ro. Alexander. Sampson Archer and John Mathews chosen Church wardens.
V. 1, PP. 494-95
Church Wardens vs. Ward and Preston.--Know all men by these presents, that we, William Ward and William Preston, are held, &c., to Sampson Archer and John Mathews, Church Wardens, in behalf of the parish, in the penal sum of £120, &c., &c. ____ day January, 1761. Condition: William Ward has undertaken to build a house on the Glebe of said parish for the sum of £60 by the first day of November next. The house to be twenty-four feet long and eighteen feet wide in the clear, and one-story-and-a-half high; the logs to be squared on two sides, and six inches thick, and well duftailed; the sleepers, or lower joists, to be framed in the ground log, which is to be nine inches thick; the joists to be well squared and plained, or moulding struck on each, and to be eight inches by five square. The house to be covered with lap shingles, clear of the sap, and fourteen inches to the [494/495] weather. The gable ends clapboarded. An upper and under floor to be laid of good plank, well seasoned and lathed. A partition across the house of punch and pennel work, with a wainscoat door in the same. A stair case to be raised with facing and a door. A front door to the house wainscoated, and all the doors hung with iron hinges, and a lock to the front door. One sash window of six panes in the room, and one of the same size opposite to the front door, both well glazed. The floors and shingles to be nailed with good double tens. The vacancies between the logs to be daubed or filled with good mortar in both sides, as well above stairs as below. The house to be underpinned where necessary. A good outside stone chimney to be built, seven feet between the jambs and well pointed with lime. The roof to be made long enough to cover the chimney. The whole job and every part of it to be finished and completed in a workmanlike manner. The undertaker to find everything necessary for carrying on the said job, except timber and stone, which they are to have off the glebe land. (Signed) William Ward, William Preston. Test: George Skillern.The above is a true copy from the original bond, which is lodged in my hand as Clerk of the Vestry. (Signed) William Preston.
Verdict for defendant.
V. 3, P. 371
Page 366.--20th May, 1761. Sampson Archer and Rebecka to John Archer, gent., £100, 380 acres on a branch of Middle River called Elk
Meadow. Delivered: Jno. Archer, September, 1765.
V. 3, P. 371
Page 360.--20th May, 1761. Thomas Stewart to Thomas Jones, £2, 145 acres in Forke of James; cor. John Mathews, the barrens. Teste: Sampson Archer, John Mathews, John Miller. Delivered: Nathaniel Evins, September, 1763.
V. 2, P. 448
Page 346.--20th May, 1761: Vestry met. Sampson Archer, about to remove out of this Colony, resigns. Randal Lockhart chosen vice Sampson Archer.
V. 1, P. 90
ORDER BOOK No. VII
MAY 22, 1761.
(31) Commission ordered to take deposition of Sampson Archer, about to remove out of the Colony.
V. 2, P. 448
Page 347.--John Buchanan chosen church warden vice Archer.
V. 3, P. 447
Page 133.--11th November, 1765. Sampson Archer and Rebekah, of York County, Pennsylvania, to John Archer, £20, 75 acres on a draft of Anderson's Branch, patented to Sampson, 26th September, 1760. Teste: Robert Armstrong, John Gardner, Robert Archer. Samuel Shinan (Shanan)
V. 3, P. 510
Page 260.--25th May, 1771. John Campbell, of Botetourt, to James Trotter, £150, 232 acres, part of his father's survey in Beverley Manor. Teste: James Lockhart, James Hargrave, Sampson Archer. Delivered: Samuel Trotter, 21st October, 1772.
V. 1, P. 365
MARCH, 1772 (B)
Rebeccah Archer vs. John Archer.--Chancery. Writ23d November, 1772.
Plaintiff and defendant have been married upwards of 30 years, and has suffered most cruel usage from her husband. Prayer for separate maintenance. Answer admits all drunkenness. "Whereas John Archer has abused Rebekah, his wife, and denies his marriage to her, we, the under named persons, do certify that we were eye and ear witnesses to ye above persons being lawfully married in ye County Tiroon. Given under our hands, this 16th day of November, 1771. (Signed) James Sayers, Rebekah Sayers, Hannah Sayers, Sarah Renick, Sampson Archer, Elizabeth (her x mark) Stuart." Decree for separate maintenance, according to contract between the parties, dated 7th March, 1772.
V. 3, P. 158
Page 164.--20th May, 1780. John Archer's will--To wife, Rebecca; to brother, Sampson Archer; to sister, Elizabeth Stuart; to William Blair's daughter, Rebecca; to John Blayr, son of my friend William Blair; to Mary Ross, wife of Robert Ross; to the poor, whether friends or strangers, remainder of estate. Executors. John' Poage, Robert Armstrong. Teste: William Clunie, William Blear, James Anderson, John Richey.
V. 3, P. 580
Page 13.--15th August, 1786. John Archer's executors to Richard Mathews. 75 acres patented to Sampson Archer and sold to his brother, John Archer, deceased, but no title ever made. Teste: James Cunningham, James McKibbin, Joseph Trotter, Daniel Friel, David Greiner, Hugh McDowell, Alex. Nelson, Jr., Stephen Smith.
V. 3, P. 197
Page 461.--18th August, 1786. Robert Armstrong, executor of John Archer, executes the power in the will by giving one-half of the residuum of the estate to John Archer, nephew of John Archer, deceased, and the other half to be divided between Sampson Archer, Sr., and Sampson Archer, Jr., children--induced to do this because they are relatives and are objects of charity. Teste: Andrew Downey, J. Mathews.
Page 462.--John Archer's agreement to above. Teste: Jno. Gardner, Thos. Bradshaw.
V. 3, P. 199
Page 28.--12th October, 1792. Joseph Jewell's bond as contractor to build a stone bridge over the creek on Beverley street in Staunton, near Sampson Mathews' lot, to be seven feet clear between the pillars, to extend down stream 23 feet.
V. 1, P. 419
Archer's Executors vs. Poage's Executors.--Single package. Receipt by Edmond Randolph, signature. Many accounts current and receipts, 1780. Account of John Trimble, December, 1778. To cash paid for said Archer for a soldier enlisted. Agreeable to Act of Assembly, as per supperscription, £6 paper money. 19th November, 1782. Received of John Poage, executor of John Archer, £16, the proportion for raising beef and clothing for a District. (Signed) Thomas Bradshaw, Collector. 16th March, 1784. Received of John Poage £3.1.3 on account of the legacy left to my wife by John Archer, deceased. (Signed) Robert vs. Ross. 1774. Account of James Bell, deceased (affidavit by Agnes Bell, September, 1783), for boarding, washing and lodging and trouble of Rebeka, his wife (Archer's wife), from 15th August to 15th May. Sampson Archer (brother of John) and his children mentioned as some of the poor entitled under the will. George Kinkead ditto. John Poage's letter to Sampson Mathews, about deposit of £200 by John Archer with Colonel Dandridge in 1755-56.