Bakken means "The Hill," the final "n" in Norwegian acting as the definite article (the).The name bakke, therefore, means simply "hill."
My understanding is that the names Bakke and Bakken are very common farm names in Norway.Each farm has a name.
People often had two surnames; a patronym such as Olesen or Olesdatter, meaning Ole's son or daughter, and/or a farm name.
Unlike our surnames, however, the farm name was more like an address, because if the family moved to another farm, they immediately took the name of the new farm.Many farm names go back to Viking times.
The name Bakken would usually refer to a newer farm, or subfarm if you will.As the population grew and more land was needed, land was cleared up on "the hill."
Obviously, Norway is full of hills, so the name Bakken is found all over Norway.Unfortunately, the name itself won't help much in locating which part of Norway one's ancestors came from.But it's still a great name, right?