This is a repeat of the message I posted Feb 17, 2000 on BALLEAU and other sites:
For info of those posting here, here are various extracts from many postings on this and other forums:
There is a very good chance this name is connected to French Protestants (Huguenots =
An etymological dictionary gives different origins for the word "huguenot"
- 1483: "esguenetz" = "a kind of soldier"
- 1526: "ayguenot" = "patriot hostile to the Duke of Savoy in Geneva (their leader was
- 1552: "protestant" - from the German word “Eidgenossen” (=confederates) influenced by
"Hugues". They often started off living in France, then were chased out and went to
England, Holland, Belgium, some parts of what later became Germany, but most often went
to England. There, the English wanted more Protestants to settle in Ireland, so they enticed Huguenots to move there with large grants of land. The first wave went to Ireland a few generations after William the Conqueror to "subdue" the Irish, then again in the 1600's when French persecution under Cardinal Richelieu was severe, then many emigrated to USA and Canada between 1650 and 1850. When the Revolution began in 1770's, still more were sent (as paid soldiers) to try to keep the American Colonies quiet.
In France, Huguenots had been granted many fortified cities, the most important of them
being La Rochelle, and had constituted armies and "states within the State". Because of their special connections with neighbouring Protestant countries - Germany, Holland and
England - this worried the French government.
Around 1530, a law called the Edict of Nantes had been drawn up which more or less
guaranteed non-Catholics in France the right to practice their religious beliefs. Cardinal
Richelieu revoked the Edict of Nantes in the 1640-1650 period as a political gesture. In the fortified cities where they ruled, Protestants were not persecuted. In fact, they made life very difficult for Catholics. That is another reason for the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, together with the persecution of Catholics in Protestant countries.
Hundreds of thousands of Protestants fled France over the centuries in response to Catholic persecution. Some of them ended up in England. To get them out of their hair, and provide a greater Protestant base in Ireland, the British encouraged these refugees to emigrate there. There is a chance that these “Irish” families (example: Ballou became Bailey, Killy became Kelly, etc.) did originate in France.
After the Edict of Nantes was revoked, about 500,000 fled France. Many came to the American Colonies. Charleston VA was founded by 5,000 Huguenots and large numbers settled in Virginia. Many also settled in Florida and South Carolina. They were the first Protestants to settle in and near St. Augustine, Florida, about 1590. Hugues Besançon (later Bezanson) was leader of a group of Protestant (Calvinist) reformers from/in Geneva, Switzerland (this is still the French-Catholic area of that country).
The British encouraged non-Catholics to join its army to fight the French in Canada during
the early 18th century. Many people were also lured by grants of land to settle in the New
World, where they would produce non-Catholic children to counteract the French influence which had been pervasive since 1600. Between 1750 and 1800, much of the new settlement in North America was non-French or at least Protestant, both in Canada and the USA.
This spelling is just one form of many, including: Balew, Balleau, Ballieul, Balliou, Ballou, Belieu, Belew, BILLIOU, BILYEA, BILYEU, Boileau (=bwah-LOW), and even Billings.
One Belyea site is at - members.tripod.com/~Cleadie_B/mfb/links.htm -
The Dr. Pierre Chastain Association has web page and time line re the Huguenots on -
- http://www.ancestry.comhttp://www.ancestry.com - “Huguenot Pedigrees, Vol.1”.
Huguenot Historical Society in USA is at: - http://www.hhs-newpaltz.orghttp://www.hhs-newpaltz.org - E-Mail is -
Hhslib@ix.netcom.com - In New Paltz, NY. Tel: 914-255-1889. This is an archival collection of manuscript materials from early French Huguenot, Dutch, English and German families of New Paltz and Ulster County (1660-present). Collections of personal and family papers (1670-1994); photographs (ca. 1840-present); rare books and historic Bibles
(1582-1900); miscellaneous institutional records (1683-1974); New Paltz municipal
records (1677-1950); genealogical research materials; approximately 150 oversize maps
and architectural drawings (1812-present); also special collections of the Huguenot
Historical Society's own organizational records (1894-present).
For European Huguenot research, you can try to contact:
Centre de généalogie protestante
54, rue des Saint-Pères
with this kind of letter in French (put your particular info in the brackets):
Je suis à la recherche des origines de la famille (your SURNAME), qui peut être originaire de France. Pouvez-vous m'indiquer si vos fichiers contiennent des informations sur ce patronyme ou des formes approchées (SURNAME and other VARIANT SPELLINGS) ?
Avec mes vifs remerciements.
Mes meilleurs salutations,
& PRINTED NAME)
Don't forget to include up to 5 IRC (International Reply Cards) for the research and response. You can buy these at any postal outlet. THEY WILL NOT ANSWER YOUR REQUEST WITHOUT THESE. THERE MAY BE ADDITIONAL CHARGES AFTER THE FIRST SEARCH IF YOU REQUEST MORE DETAILS.
For those who know their people lived in Alsace-Lorraine on the current French-German
border area, you could try:
Centre Départemental d'Histoire des Familles
5, place Saint-Léger
68500 GUEBWILLER (ALSACE)
Tél: (+33-3) 8962.1240
The director is Monsieur A. Ganter
E-mail: - firstname.lastname@example.org - ask him first if your enqiry should go through France or
Germany. Website - http//cdhf.telmat-net.fr/ - Please contact him directly by e-mail or post, since he hasn't enough time to look at the forum. Don't forget to buy and send the IRC for the postal reply.
Since this area was traded back and forth between Germany and France over the past 150
years, you might have to check out German sites for more info:
German Genealogy Home Page - http://www.rootsweb.com/~wggerman/http://www.rootsweb.com/~wggerman/ - Click on map of Germany’s 16 Bundesländer (states) and German areas in 7 other countries. Find that
elusive ancestor in Germany - a good German research site.
If you do not know exactly which state your German ancestors came from, but you know the
town or city name, try GEOserv - http://www.genealogy.net/gene/www/abt/geoserv.htmlhttp://www.genealogy.net/gene/www/abt/geoserv.html -
5000 listings of German cities/towns
European Countries - http://s700.uminho.pt/europa.htmlhttp://s700.uminho.pt/europa.html - click on map of most countries in Europe (including the Balkans) - Find out a bit more about your ancestor's country of origin.
AltaVista International Search Network -
http://www.altavista.com/av/content/av_network.htmlhttp://www.altavista.com/av/content/av_network.html - AltaVista has partnered with sites in Africa, Asia, Australia, Canada, Latin America, Northern and Southern Europe, as well as the US. Our international network lets you take advantage of AltaVista's vast Web index with regional Internet connections. The AltaVista Web index features pages from across the World Wide Web, in 25 different languages.
A Huguenot named Plymale was among the first French settlers to come to America in the
year 1625 and landed in Virginia. A printed article suggests that the Plymale brothers who emigrated to the new world were from Bretagne or the area around Lyons, France. The actual name may have been PLY, and they were listed as “male” (gender) on the ship
manifest. When they arrived here, the name PLYMALE may have been given to them by
The names D'Auge (dozh) and Dozier can be traced to the Pays D'Auge (country of the Auge river) in Normandy. The first d'Auge to settle in the new world was Captain Jacques D'Auge b. 1660. He settled in Princess Ann County, VA, where he m. ca 1686 Mary Bonney and d. 1719. Peter Dozier b.c 1690 in VA ? m.c 1715 Angelica Gregory and d.c 1778 in NC.
Susannah Dozier b.ca. 1720 in NC m. William Glasgow Simmons ca. 1735 in NC. All this info is from “Index of NC Ancestors Vol II”, NC Genealogical Society 1984.
Jacques possibly settled along the Nanesmond River in Suffolk Co, VA. Some descendents
settled in the Lynnhaven / Norfork area and in Currituck Co NC. He was a French Huguenot
who fled France after 1660 after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes which had previously allowed religious toleration. Leonard Dozier emigrated from France to the US in about 1743. His name may have been d’Auge in France. In Tennessee, where Jacques and Pierre Dozier (d’Auge ?) settled from France before the Civil War, folks often mispronounced the name as "doggie", so they changed the spelling to Dozier.
Nicholas (?) Barba and/or Claud(e) Barbie and his wife settled with other Huguenots in
Manakin Town, now in Powhatan Co, VA next to Goochland Co, up the James River from Richmond. The Manakin Society has the story. “The Taylors of Tabernacle” published in 1957 by the Taylor Historical Committee states, on page 36: “THE PROGENITOR of the Barbee family in America, from which Christopher Barbee of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, is believed to have been a descendant, was "ONE CLAUD BARBY", a French Huguenot, who, according to an authentic ship log, arrived at Jamestown, Virginia, from London, England, and settled at Mannikintown, Virginia about 1634-35. By tradition, this does NOT claim to be authoritative.
“A Study of the Barbee Families of Chatham, Orange, and Wake Counties in North Carolina” by Ruth Herndon Shields, states that the above named Christopher was the son of
William Barbee b. 1711, who was the son of John Barbee, who was the son of William Barbee b. 1662. Have we seen a line that traces back to Claud ? The Mormon Church holds complete files from 1611 (?) to present day. Family of Kit Barbee was one of 3 founders of University of NC; Kit had been granted much of the land.
Gaudwin/Godwin, FR Huguenots
Judith Alef - email@example.com - wrote May 14, 1999: My 5 grgrandmother was Mary Gaudwin, anglicised to Mary Godwin, b. 1720’s VA. Married Pierre Faure (Peter Ford) KY. Her father was most likely Isaac Godwin.
The first LEHEW in the new world was Peter Lehew, 1657 or so. He was given a land grant
in Virginia and settled there. Peter Lehew's farm became Lehewtown and today is known as
Front Royal, Virginia, not far from Washington. There is even a Lehew, West Virginia. There are three volumes of the geneology from the hunt in the 1960’s for the origins of the Lehew name. The Lehews were believed to have fled from France into England and to the new world as Huguenots fleeing persecution. Various spellings were la Hue, Le Hew, Lahew. Speaking of Front Royal, if you visit there, you'll find some Lehew items in their museum and see some Lehew names in the phone book.
Rev. Pierre Robert b. 1656, St Imier, Switzerland (son of Daniel b. 1630, Aberystwyth, Wales) was a Huguenot preacher. He married Jeanne Braye, b. 1660, Basel, Switzerland. Rev. Pierre Robert along with his wife and his followers sailed to America, landing in 1686 at Charlestown, SC. They lived in St. James, French Santee, SC. In 1706 Rev. Pierre founded the first Huguenot Church at Charlestown, French Santee, SC. There were 2 entrances to the church, one for the English and one for the French. Rev Pierre and his wife Jeanne Braye Robert had three sons, Jean (John), Elias, and Pierre Jr. Rev. Pierre Robert died in 1715 and Jeanne died abt. 1717. Their son Jean (John) Robert was the one who changed his name to the American “John” and also added the “s” to Robert. Pierre Jr. kept the Robert name without the “s”. This family is well documented. The old Huguenot Book from the Huguenot Society gives all the information for this family.
Other surnames which are often Huguenot or French Protestant in origin are:
ALLEN, ANDERSON, ANDREWS, ARNO/ARNAUD (>Norse “arn”=eagle),
BARBA/BARBEE, BARKER, BENNETT, BETTGER, BEUS,
BOYCE, BRO(U)WER, BROWN, BRUMLEY, BRUNNER, BUNKER, BURROW,
CAMPBELL, CARLSON, CHADWICK, CHIDESTER,
*D’AUGE, *DELOZIER, *DOZIER (*same family ?)
In the 1780s-1790s, Depues (Depews) were listed as "good husbandmen" and settled on the West Bank of Niagara across from Fort Niagara. They followed the Secords, Showers, Lutes and Dolsons from Lewiston NY to Niagara Falls. There is also a Depew street in Niagara Falls.
ELDER, ELMER, ERICKSON,
FALCONER / FAULKNER, FLETCHER,
GIBSON, GILBERTSON, GILL, GLINES, GOASLIND (GOSSELIN ?), GAUDWIN/GODWIN/GOODWIN, GRIFFIN,
HARDY, HARRIS, HOLMES, HYDE,
LARZALERE, LAHEW/LA HUE/LEHEW, LI(P)SCOMB, LUCAS, *LOZIER, LUNDELL,
MANLEY, MARAVILLA, MARKHAM, MARLET, MARLETT, MARSHALL, MATTATALL, MEADOWS, MOORE, MORGAN, MORRISON,
MCCURDY, MCKENZIE, MCOMBER/? MCCUMBER,
O'NEILL, O'NEILL-MEADOWS, OLSON, OVIATT,
PACKER, PERRIN, PETERSEN, PETERSON, PINAUD/PINEO/PINNEO, PRITCHARD,
REDD, REYNOLDS, RICH, RIGGS, ROLLINS, ROBERT (later ROBERTS)
SCERANKA, SCHAUFERT, SCOTT, SEATON, SECOR(D ? or SECOURS ?), SEVERE (SEVIER ?), SEVERSON, SEYBOLDT, S(C)HEIBEL, SIMKINS, SNOW, SPACKMAN, STRATTON,
TAYLOR, THORN, TIFFANY, TIMOTHY, TRIM, TRIPLETT,
WALL, WATKINS, WILKERSON, WILLIAM, WILLSON, WILSON, WINEGAR,
WORKMAM, WORKMAN, WORKMANN, WORTHEN