Hi, and thanks for responding.
“My” Edward Bangs is indeed the same Edward who travelled on the Anne in 1623 and settled in Plymouth and later Eastham. He was born in Panfield, Essex, but lived in Hempstead, Essex, before he left for New England. I know there are different versions of this Edward’s provenance but they are simply wrong. We have seen primary source evidence of this from court cases involving the family. These are very extensive and complicated (as well as fascinating!) but prove it was he who migrated. (By the way, his nephew Benjamin was later to become a prominent Quaker). His father was John Banges (spelling variations are common), who moved to Essex from Norwich in about 1586, maybe on the death of his father. It’s not clear why he moved, (maybe just to marry Jane Chavis), but we know a fair amount from court cases and land deeds – such as that he sold property in Norwich before and after he left. There seems to be a connection with a Cotton family, one of whom, George Cotton, left considerable property in a will to John Banges, and John later bought further property in Hempstead from a Thomas Cotton.
John’s father was Richard Banges, tanner - and sheriff of Norwich for 1577. Many sources give erroneous data about him, including his dates and parentage. He was probably born in about 1525, in Smallburgh, and died in 1586. He had a first wife, Alice, (never seen in the IGI and FamilySearch sources but is certain from court cases) then married a Margaret Hicks, who outlived him. We know a lot about him, again from primary sources, (not copying others’ findings, which are sadly often wrong!). We even have his own words quoted as evidence in a court case. His father was William and his mother Alice Banges, of Smallburgh - we know this for certain, in spite of other attributions, from court case parchments, land deeds and tax assessments. We have seen William’s name as witness in a breach of promise case, which proves he was born in about 1475 and not in Smallburgh, to where he came in about 1492. The life of his children was quite complicated, made more difficult by the Kett Rebellion of 1549, the year William (and Alice) died and left their wills.
Any connections earlier than William’s birth are speculation and unproven. The Wars of the Roses and the disturbances which led up to them make it difficult to work out what was going on. But we know from some of our very recent discoveries that Bangs families lived in the manors of Strumpshaw and Bradestone, Norfolk, from about 1380 to 1454. We know of Robert, Simon, Augustine and John, who may have been brothers, also an older Robert who was probably their father, his brother Henry, another (probably) Augustine, and their father John, who died in around 1395. At the same time as John we know of a Margery who was living in Great Yarmouth (not far away) in 1398 (she may even have been the widow of John). Before that there is another Robert who owned land in 1330 in Spital Street, Lincolnshire (a good distance away), and the very first evidence of a Bangs is of Thomas Bannges who bought a sheep in Thorp Market, Norfolk, in 1297.
The oft-quoted Augustine was probably the older one mentioned above. The younger one, along with Henry and one of the Roberts, were all indicted for treason and riotous acts by a Commission of Enquiry in 1453, and were arrested. Henry was, we know, in Marshalsea prison in London, and probably all were executed in 1454 as their presence in Bradeston Manor suddenly stops. One or other of this family lead down to William, but we do not know which. All the above documents – Kings Bench court papers and Manorial Court Rolls and Accounts, have been seen by us first hand and professionally translated, but are still being studied, as we believe they have never been discovered before.
The older Augustine (if indeed there were two) married Emma de Banningham between 1390 and 1398. This we know for sure from a land deed and a will. He did NOT marry Emma de Walsham, as is often cited, unless this was another name for the same person, though we have no evidence of that. They may have had a daughter Emmot, who entered the Guild of St George in 1420. Augustine was sheriff of Norwich in 1432, was a fishman by trade, though later became a provider of building materials. He probably married again in about 1430 to Alice Aleyn. He was an ally of Sir Thomas Tuddenham, as were the other members of his family indicted as shown above, a notable villain who oppressed the local population on behalf of the Earl of Suffolk.
Emma de Banningham is connected to the de Walshams, as she is left property in a will in 1390 by John de Walsham, but her father was John de Banningham, a carpenter. The de Banninghams go back almost to the Norman Conquest in the village of Banningham, but are not easy to trace.
All this is an outline – we have lots more details which confirm and enhance the above facts.