1840 Jefferson county TN( Census Free Colored People )
James Bare family
2 Males under 10
2 Males between 10 & 24
1 Male between 36 and 55
3 females under 10
1 female between 10 and 24
1 female between 24 and 36
1850 Jefferson County TN. Census
Polly Barr45 Mulattoborn NC
Nancy18,TNNote:Future wife of James Mosely 1880 census
Perlina17,TNNote :Future wife of Alfred Jones
Martha8,TNNote:Future wife of Fred A Hickman 1880 censu
Alexander Jones 1,TN
Sam Mayfield ?26whiteTN
1850 Jefferson County TN census
Frederick16 Note Civil war papers married the above Martha Bear direct Ances
1860Jefferson County TN Census
1870 Jefferson County TN census
James Bear79IndianHouse # 216
1870 Jefferson County TN Census
Fred A Hickman33 WhiteStone MasonNote Direct Ancestors
Martha26Note Direct Ancestor
James W6Note direct Ancester
1880 Union County TN Census
James Bear100Black born NC Father Born NC Mother born Ireland
PollyBear84Black Born NC Father born NC Mother born NC
1880 Roane County TN. Census
House # 1
Martha Hickman37 Widow White
James15Note Direct Ancestor married Rosa B Cummings in Future
House # 2
Isabella Cummings35 whiteWidowNote Direct Ancester
William B 12
Rosa B 11Note Direct Future Ancester married James Wesley Hickman above
House # 3George Morrow family
House # 4
John Mosely 58 whiteNote according to Guion Miller of son James John is 1/4 Indian
Nancy J48 IndianNote: Nancy J Bear Mosely is Martha Bear Hickmans sister
Charles11 IndianBoth are the children of James and Poly Bear
House # 5
Issac Bear23 Indian Witnesed James Mosely guion Miller application in 1907 in Clinton TN
Cordelia18 IndianCordelia is a sister to James Mosely
Martha J1/12 Indian
House # 6
Ady Hooper23 Indian Full Blood
Alice Mosely 24 IndianNote: Sister to James Mosely
House # 7
James Mosely 23 IndianNote parents are John Mosely and Nancy J Bear in house # 4
James Mosely filed a Guion Miller Application to the Eastern Cherokee in 1907
His father in house # 4is 1/4 blood Cherokee according to the application
His Mother Nancy J Bear Shoemake is 1/2 Cherokee According to another application fiiled by her sister Perlina Bear Martha and Nancy and the rest of the James & Polly Bear children are 3/4 Cherokee
The following families live in Briceville Anderson county TN in 1900 census
Martha Hickman family from above 1880 census
George Mosely family brother to James from above 1880 census
James Mosely family who filedhis Guion Miller Application in Clinton Anderson County TN
Issac Bearfield wittnessed James application in Clinton at that time
Family Cherokee Guion Miller Roll Applications
1.Perlina Bear JonesDaughter of James and Polly Bear
2.John BearSon ofJames and Polly Bear
Both are siblings of our direct ancester Martha Bear Hickman
I have bolded known errors in application.
Guion Miller Roll Application Number 19462
State full Name:Perlina Jones
Town and State or residence:Marion Indiana
Date and place of birth;Madison County TN.New Market April 1834
( Jefferson County TN)
By what right do you claim to share.if you claim thru more than one relative living in 1851 set fourth each seperatly:Through my father James Bear a full blood Cherokee born in NC.About 1800.Died in TN.And my Mother Polly BearMaiden Name Smith.A half blood Cherokee born in Green county TN. about 1800Died in TN.
( Census says NC )
Are U married:Yes
Name and age of husband:Alfred jones 76
Give name of father and mother;James _ _ _ _ _Indian Name: Hungry ?Black Bear
Mother:Polly Smith Bear,iNdian Name Po Poo
Where were they born?Father Buncombe County NC.Mother in Green County TN.
Were did they reside in 1851.Both in Madison County TN( census says NC )
( In Census they were in Jefferson county TN in 1850 )
Were they ever enrolled for annuties land or other benifits?Think they were on a roll in the early 1850's
Give all your brothers and sisters giving ages.
State english and Indian names of your grandparents:Mothers SideJames Smith & Nancy B _ _ _ _ _ _ Smith
Were were they born?SC( Census Says NC )
Give names of all their Children:
My Father had no relatives that I new of:
David SmithIndian Name:King DavidHe died during war.
Eliza Married a Canadian
My reculections of early life were all iNdians.My features- color hair that of more than a half blood Indian.Pass here as a colored person.But no curl or kink in hair.Every feature & Fa_ _ _ _of Indians
I swear that the statement made by me are true.Perlina Jones
Witness:Noah Smith, Harry Patterson
Remarks gleaned from Application:
Perlina Bear Jones Bornnear Jefferson City TN.
74 years old in 1908
Was 25 when moved to Marion Indiana
Jane Smith Was 79 in 1908 lived in Grant county INdiana her husband was Waddy Smith He was Perlinas Bear's Uncle.
In 1880 racism was very much a part of life.You were either Black or WhiteIf you did not look white or was very dark complected like a full blood Cherokee who was a farmer would be.White people were apt to class you as Black as you can see in the 1880 census.Even though there was no Black blood in the family.IN the Early census you had 3 racial categories to choose from.You were either White, Black or Mulatto.Any person who did not look white would of been catagorized as Mulatto or Black,This would include Asians, Mexicans, Arabs, Indians, or any other brown people or mixture of with white.In the early days 1838 1840 untill 1848 It was illegale for an Indian person to be East of tHe Mississippi river.They could not bare witness against a white man.Nor could they own land.
it was also illegal to marry between Indians and whites.Even though it was a common practice in The wilderness and rural areas at the time.THe USA govt actively searched the mountains within the old Eastern Cherokee nations searching for people who hid away to keep from being forced from their homes and marched to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears.The removal threat was very real from about 1832 untill 1848.In 1848 NC and The USA Govt allowed the Cherokee IN NC to stay in their beloved mountain homes.However the Indians were treated very poorly by their white counterparts and the Indians who could claimed every type of ancestry except Indian because of the very real threat of being removed and fear of mistreatment.(Hence we ended up with people calling themselves black dutch and the likes.anything but indian.The Indian people of the USA were not citizens untill 1924.They had no vote or representation of the reservations.They were Aliens within the borders of the USA.
Household:1880 Union County TN Census
NameRelation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace
Census Place District 9, Union, Tennessee
Family History Library Film1255283
NA Film NumberT9-1283
Cherokee Guion Miller roll.
Guion Miller application of John Bear Aug 1907
Full name: John Bear
indian Name: Dont Know
Residence: Knox County TN
Age 73 Born April 3 1834
Were were U born Mossy Creek Jefferson County TN
Are U married? yes
Name of wife: Mary Bear Harrisson 56 years old
name all children who were living on May 26 1906:
Maggie 34 July 1 1873
Olie 32 Aug 8 1875
Frank 30 Feb 1 1877
Epheahaiu ? 29 Oct 10 1878
Mary 27 March 26 1880
Janie 26 April 26 1881
John 24 May 7 1883
Ettie 20 Sept 17 1885
George 19 Jan 6 1888
Matilda 17 Nov 24 1890
Father: James Bear
Mother: Polly Smith Bear
Both were born in NC
Where did they live in 1851
F In Grainger county TN
M In Grainger County TN
( Census says Jefferson County TN )
Date of Death for both.
F. Spring of 1889 at Maynardville Union County TN
M. Fall 1888 at Maynardville Union County TN
does not know If they were enrolled for monies or annuties.
Of opinion they were not.
Name all your brothers and sisters:
Perlina Bear Jones born 1835 live in Marion Indiana
Mary Jane Vowel or Mary Jane Manuel Bear Youngest child of 15 lives in Greenville TN.
There were 15 children. All are know dead except the applicant and 2 sisters above. The Names of the Dead ones are as follows:
Autony, James, William, Serilla, Nancy, Sis, Susan, Martha,
These were the children who lived untill grown. The others died when young and applicant does not know there names.
State English and Indian names of Grandparents. Applicant does not know the names of his Grandparents on either side.
His Grandfather Bear lived in NC was said to have been a soilder in the revolutionary war.
Where were they born: Probably in NC. Aplicant does not know.
Where did they live in 1851: In NC as applicant is informed and believes.
Application #3874 Misc
info gleaned from letter:
Frank Irwin Testifies to the following:
he is 53 lives in Knox County TN. Has known John Bear about 30 years. Knows parents for about the same length of time. John Passes as a colored man in the community.
Was first aquainted with John in Union County TN Both his parents lived there as well. John and his parents always claimed to be part Indian.
John Bear Testifies to the following:
John Bear born 1834 and raised in Jefferson County TN.
Parents were born in NC They left NC long before John Was born. about 80 years ago and went to Jefferson county and lived there untill they died. They died in 1888 and 1889
he was neber on any rolls. Doesnt think parents were either. Neith of parents were held in slavery. None of siblings were held in Slavery. Non of bro or sis were enrolled. Never lived among the indians as a member of the tribe. Parents lived among the Indians in NC. Think they did after they came to TN to. My mother talked Indian Palina Bear 1 of my sisters have made application. She married a man named Jones. My parents lived in Grainger county tN. They were there in 1851. Dont know why they were not enrolled at the time. My wife is 3/4 Cherokee. I dont associate with the colored people. My brothers married white Women My wifes father was Richard Harrison My wife has not made application she was never on any roll and never was her parents
Below is the application of James Mosely. They are intermarried with the Bears from Jefferson County TN.
James Mosley Application to the Guion Miller Roll of the Eastern Cherokee
This is what I have from James Mosleys Cherokee Indian Guion Miller Application. Date 1907
1. State Full Name James Mosley
Indian Name None
2 Residence: Briceville TN in 1907
3. How old are You? 54 Born oct 17 1854
4. Were were you born? Jefferson County TN
5. Are You married? yes
6. Name and age of wife Frances age 57
7. To what tribe does she belong? Cherokee
8 Name all your children who were living on may 28 1906
Lizzie age 23 born June 8 1884
This is all the child I have
9 Give names of your father mother and your mothers name before marriage
John Mosley and Nancy Mosley
10 Fathers Indian Name: Dont know if he had one
11 Mothers Indian Name: Bear
Were were they born? F. Sullivan county TN M. North Carolina
12 Were did they reside in 1851? Both Jefferson County TN
13 Date of death of Father: 1 7 1895 Mother 3 12 1895
14 were they ever enrolled for monies or annutuies? Dont know but if they were it
was with the Cherokee
15 Name all your brothers and sisters giving name and residence if possible.
A. Alice Mosley Hooper
B Charley Mosley 3 3 1868
C Cordelia Mosley Bear Feb 25 1864 Wife of Isaac Bear
D George Mosley 1870
16 State English and Indian names of your Grandparents
G.F. Jim Bear Mothers Side
G.F. Issac Mosley Fathers side
17 Where were they born? Both in NC
18. Wher did they live in 1851 if living at that time? If living at that time they lived in NC as they died there.
19. Give Names of all their children: George Mosley was Brother to my father. Dont know any others
20: Have you ever been enrolled? Dont know anything I have been enrolled for
Additional info g;eaned from application:
James wife name was Nancy J Shoemake Indian last name was Bear
James Mosleys father name was John. John was 1/4 cherokee indian
James Mosley filed a Guion Miller Application to the Cherokee Rolls in 1907
His family includes the following
John Mosley 1/4 Cherokee b. 1822
Nancy J ShoeMake 1/2 cherokee "Indian Name" Bear b. 1832
James Mosley b 1857
Alice b 1856 Alice Hooper married full blood Andy Hopper
Cordelia b 1862 Married Issac Bear an cherokee
George b 1870
Charles b 1869
THe following famlys live in Briceville Anderson County TN in the 1900 census.
James and Martha Hickman Family
George Mosley Family bro to James
James Mosley family bro to George according to Guion Miller App in 1907. I havn't found them in the 1900 census yet.
Issac Bearfield witnessed James application in 1907 in Clinton Anderson CO TN courthouse
Fred A. Hickman was in the civil warHere is his documents
Fred A. Hickman
Co. F 61 Tenn Mtd. Inf.
Pitts regiment81 TN Infrantry( Confederate ) Rank ( Sargeant )
Date Nov 10 1862Musterd in
Age 23 yerars
Company Muster in roll of the organization listed above.Roll dated Hendersons Depot TN
Nov 10 1862
Joined for Dutyand enrolled
When:Oct 2 1862
Where:Mossy Creek( Note: Mossy Creek is in Jefferson County TN )
By Whom:J. M. Alexander
Period: 3 years
F.A. Hickman 4 Sergant Co. F 81 regt TN Infantry appears on the company Muster roll of the organization named above for Jan & Feb of 1863
Enlisted Oct 2 1862
He was present.
Fred A. Hickman Sargt Co. F 61 Regt TN InfantryAppears on a roll of Prisioners of war
Captured by the Army of the TN.May 25 1863
Roll dated Headquarters Dept of TN in the field near Vicksburg MS June 29 1863
Where Captured: Big Black
When Captured May 17 1863
Fred A. Hickman Co F 61 Regt. TN appears on a list of Men recruited for the 71st Regt Ind. Vols from the confederate prisioners at Camp Morton Ind.
List dated Indianapolis June 15 1863
From the Guion Miller rolls, Military documents and Census records we can see that the Hickmans Bears and mosleys Intermarried.They also moved together as a family.
1850 census:Mossey Creek Jefferson County TN
1860 census:Mossey Creek Jefferson County TN
1870 censusMossey Creek Jefferson County TN
1880 censusJohn & Polly Bear in Mossey Creek TN
1880 censusMartha Bear Hickman family in Roane county TNThey were miners
1880 censusNancy J Bear & husband John Mosely family in Roane county TN
1880 censusIssac Bear and wife Cordelia daughter to John & Nancy Bear Mosely in
Roane county TN
1880 censusAdy Hooper and wife Alice daughter to John and Nancy Bear Mosely
Roane Roane co TN
1880 censusJames Mosely son John and Nancy Bear Mosely in Roane Co TN.
1900 censusMartha Bear Hickman family in Briceville Anderson County
1900 censusMosely families in Briceville Anderson County
1900 censusCummings Families in Briceville Anderson County TN
If anyone has any question please feel free to ask.
HICKMAN , HORACE JAMES
Volume: 32417 Certificate: 042712
Autopsy: N Gender: Male
Date of Death: May 30, 2000 SSN: 415129660
Birth Date: September 7, 1909 Father's Surname: HICKMAN
Time of Death: 6:50 AM Age: 90 years
Birth Place: FOSTORIA (PT), HANCOCK, Ohio Marital Status: widowed
Residence: PORT CLINTON, OTTAWA, Ohio Hispanic Origin: Not Hispanic
Years of Schooling: 3 Certifier: Physician
Referred to Coroner:Branch of Service:
Method of Disposition: Burial
Place of Death: nursing home
Race: Native American