1840 Jefferson county TN( Census Free Colored People ) James Bare family 2 Males under 10 2 Males between 10 & 24 1 Male between 36 and 55 3 females under 10 1 female between 10 and 24 1 female between 24 and 36
1850 Jefferson County TN. Census Polly Barr45 Mulattoborn NC Anthony27'NC Senina24'NC James23,TN Nancy18,TNNote:Future wife of James Mosely 1880 census Perlina17,TNNote :Future wife of Alfred Jones Narcissa14,TN John12,TN William10,TN Martha8,TNNote:Future wife of Fred A Hickman 1880 censu Susan7,TN Polly5,TN Mary J4,TN Alfred___,TN Wesley4,TN Margaret3,TN James60,TN Polly Jones50,TN Alexander Jones 1,TN Sam Mayfield ?26whiteTN
1850 Jefferson County TN census Pleasant Hickman37White Rebecca40 Frederick16 Note Civil war papers married the above Martha Bear direct Ances Pathia10 Nancy8 Mary J6 Elizabeth4 Harriet2/12
1860Jefferson County TN Census Jas Barr75Mulatto Polly54Mulatto J23" W.M.22" S.15" M.J.13"
1870 Jefferson County TN census James Bear79IndianHouse # 216 Polly60Indian John32Indian William15Indian
1870 Jefferson County TN Census Fred A Hickman33 WhiteStone MasonNote Direct Ancestors Martha26Note Direct Ancestor John B10 Margaret9 Mary A6 James W6Note direct Ancester Nancy J4 Didamea5/12 Rebecca39 Vasscich M?17 Josephine15 Pleasant5
1880 Union County TN Census James Bear100Black born NC Father Born NC Mother born Ireland PollyBear84Black Born NC Father born NC Mother born NC
1880 Roane County TN. Census House # 1 Martha Hickman37 Widow White John son15 James15Note Direct Ancestor married Rosa B Cummings in Future Pleasant12 Didamea9 Ida7 Martha3 House # 2 Isabella Cummings35 whiteWidowNote Direct Ancester Florietta22 Modena J19 Parris J17 Roxanna14 William B 12 Rosa B 11Note Direct Future Ancester married James Wesley Hickman above
House # 3George Morrow family
House # 4 John Mosely 58 whiteNote according to Guion Miller of son James John is 1/4 Indian Nancy J48 IndianNote: Nancy J Bear Mosely is Martha Bear Hickmans sister Charles11 IndianBoth are the children of James and Poly Bear George10 Indian
House # 5 Issac Bear23 Indian Witnesed James Mosely guion Miller application in 1907 in Clinton TN Cordelia18 IndianCordelia is a sister to James Mosely Martha J1/12 Indian
House # 6 Ady Hooper23 Indian Full Blood Alice Mosely 24 IndianNote: Sister to James Mosely Susanna 2Indian
House # 7 James Mosely 23 IndianNote parents are John Mosely and Nancy J Bear in house # 4 Frankey 25Indian John13Indian Charles9Indian Edmund5Indian William3Indian
Additional Info: James Mosely filed a Guion Miller Application to the Eastern Cherokee in 1907 His father in house # 4is 1/4 blood Cherokee according to the application His Mother Nancy J Bear Shoemake is 1/2 Cherokee According to another application fiiled by her sister Perlina Bear Martha and Nancy and the rest of the James & Polly Bear children are 3/4 Cherokee
The following families live in Briceville Anderson county TN in 1900 census Martha Hickman family from above 1880 census George Mosely family brother to James from above 1880 census James Mosely family who filedhis Guion Miller Application in Clinton Anderson County TN Issac Bearfield wittnessed James application in Clinton at that time
Family Cherokee Guion Miller Roll Applications
1.Perlina Bear JonesDaughter of James and Polly Bear 2.John BearSon ofJames and Polly Bear Both are siblings of our direct ancester Martha Bear Hickman
I have bolded known errors in application.
Guion Miller Roll Application Number 19462 State full Name:Perlina Jones
Town and State or residence:Marion Indiana
Date and place of birth;Madison County TN.New Market April 1834 ( Jefferson County TN) By what right do you claim to share.if you claim thru more than one relative living in 1851 set fourth each seperatly:Through my father James Bear a full blood Cherokee born in NC.About 1800.Died in TN.And my Mother Polly BearMaiden Name Smith.A half blood Cherokee born in Green county TN. about 1800Died in TN. ( Census says NC )
Are U married:Yes
Name and age of husband:Alfred jones 76
Give name of father and mother;James _ _ _ _ _Indian Name: Hungry ?Black Bear Mother:Polly Smith Bear,iNdian Name Po Poo
Where were they born?Father Buncombe County NC.Mother in Green County TN. Were did they reside in 1851.Both in Madison County TN( census says NC ) ( In Census they were in Jefferson county TN in 1850 ) Were they ever enrolled for annuties land or other benifits?Think they were on a roll in the early 1850's
State english and Indian names of your grandparents:Mothers SideJames Smith & Nancy B _ _ _ _ _ _ Smith Were were they born?SC( Census Says NC )
Give names of all their Children: My Father had no relatives that I new of: Mothers Side: David SmithIndian Name:King DavidHe died during war. James Smith Waddy Smith William Smith Eliza Married a Canadian Peggy Nancy
Remarks: My reculections of early life were all iNdians.My features- color hair that of more than a half blood Indian.Pass here as a colored person.But no curl or kink in hair.Every feature & Fa_ _ _ _of Indians
I swear that the statement made by me are true.Perlina Jones Witness:Noah Smith, Harry Patterson
Remarks gleaned from Application: Perlina Bear Jones Bornnear Jefferson City TN. 74 years old in 1908 Was 25 when moved to Marion Indiana Jane Smith Was 79 in 1908 lived in Grant county INdiana her husband was Waddy Smith He was Perlinas Bear's Uncle.
In 1880 racism was very much a part of life.You were either Black or WhiteIf you did not look white or was very dark complected like a full blood Cherokee who was a farmer would be.White people were apt to class you as Black as you can see in the 1880 census.Even though there was no Black blood in the family.IN the Early census you had 3 racial categories to choose from.You were either White, Black or Mulatto.Any person who did not look white would of been catagorized as Mulatto or Black,This would include Asians, Mexicans, Arabs, Indians, or any other brown people or mixture of with white.In the early days 1838 1840 untill 1848 It was illegale for an Indian person to be East of tHe Mississippi river.They could not bare witness against a white man.Nor could they own land. it was also illegal to marry between Indians and whites.Even though it was a common practice in The wilderness and rural areas at the time.THe USA govt actively searched the mountains within the old Eastern Cherokee nations searching for people who hid away to keep from being forced from their homes and marched to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears.The removal threat was very real from about 1832 untill 1848.In 1848 NC and The USA Govt allowed the Cherokee IN NC to stay in their beloved mountain homes.However the Indians were treated very poorly by their white counterparts and the Indians who could claimed every type of ancestry except Indian because of the very real threat of being removed and fear of mistreatment.(Hence we ended up with people calling themselves black dutch and the likes.anything but indian.The Indian people of the USA were not citizens untill 1924.They had no vote or representation of the reservations.They were Aliens within the borders of the USA. Household:1880 Union County TN Census
NameRelation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace James BEARSelfMMaleB100NCNoneNCIRE Polly BEARWifeMFemaleB84NCNoneNCNC
Source Information: Census Place District 9, Union, Tennessee Family History Library Film1255283 NA Film NumberT9-1283
Cherokee Guion Miller roll.
Guion Miller application of John Bear Aug 1907
Full name: John Bear indian Name: Dont Know Residence: Knox County TN Age 73 Born April 3 1834 Were were U born Mossy Creek Jefferson County TN Are U married? yes Name of wife: Mary Bear Harrisson 56 years old name all children who were living on May 26 1906: Maggie 34 July 1 1873 Olie 32 Aug 8 1875 Frank 30 Feb 1 1877 Epheahaiu ? 29 Oct 10 1878 Mary 27 March 26 1880 Janie 26 April 26 1881 John 24 May 7 1883 Ettie 20 Sept 17 1885 George 19 Jan 6 1888 Matilda 17 Nov 24 1890
Father: James Bear Mother: Polly Smith Bear Both were born in NC
Where did they live in 1851 F In Grainger county TN M In Grainger County TN ( Census says Jefferson County TN )
Date of Death for both. F. Spring of 1889 at Maynardville Union County TN M. Fall 1888 at Maynardville Union County TN
does not know If they were enrolled for monies or annuties. Of opinion they were not.
Name all your brothers and sisters:
Perlina Bear Jones born 1835 live in Marion Indiana Mary Jane Vowel or Mary Jane Manuel Bear Youngest child of 15 lives in Greenville TN. There were 15 children. All are know dead except the applicant and 2 sisters above. The Names of the Dead ones are as follows: Autony, James, William, Serilla, Nancy, Sis, Susan, Martha, These were the children who lived untill grown. The others died when young and applicant does not know there names.
State English and Indian names of Grandparents. Applicant does not know the names of his Grandparents on either side. His Grandfather Bear lived in NC was said to have been a soilder in the revolutionary war.
Where were they born: Probably in NC. Aplicant does not know. Where did they live in 1851: In NC as applicant is informed and believes.
Application #3874 Misc
info gleaned from letter:
Frank Irwin Testifies to the following: he is 53 lives in Knox County TN. Has known John Bear about 30 years. Knows parents for about the same length of time. John Passes as a colored man in the community. Was first aquainted with John in Union County TN Both his parents lived there as well. John and his parents always claimed to be part Indian.
John Bear Testifies to the following:
John Bear born 1834 and raised in Jefferson County TN. Parents were born in NC They left NC long before John Was born. about 80 years ago and went to Jefferson county and lived there untill they died. They died in 1888 and 1889 he was neber on any rolls. Doesnt think parents were either. Neith of parents were held in slavery. None of siblings were held in Slavery. Non of bro or sis were enrolled. Never lived among the indians as a member of the tribe. Parents lived among the Indians in NC. Think they did after they came to TN to. My mother talked Indian Palina Bear 1 of my sisters have made application. She married a man named Jones. My parents lived in Grainger county tN. They were there in 1851. Dont know why they were not enrolled at the time. My wife is 3/4 Cherokee. I dont associate with the colored people. My brothers married white Women My wifes father was Richard Harrison My wife has not made application she was never on any roll and never was her parents
Below is the application of James Mosely. They are intermarried with the Bears from Jefferson County TN.
James Mosley Application to the Guion Miller Roll of the Eastern Cherokee
This is what I have from James Mosleys Cherokee Indian Guion Miller Application. Date 1907
1. State Full Name James Mosley Indian Name None 2 Residence: Briceville TN in 1907 County: Anderson State: TN 3. How old are You? 54 Born oct 17 1854 4. Were were you born? Jefferson County TN 5. Are You married? yes 6. Name and age of wife Frances age 57 7. To what tribe does she belong? Cherokee
8 Name all your children who were living on may 28 1906 Lizzie age 23 born June 8 1884 This is all the child I have
9 Give names of your father mother and your mothers name before marriage John Mosley and Nancy Mosley 10 Fathers Indian Name: Dont know if he had one 11 Mothers Indian Name: Bear
Were were they born? F. Sullivan county TN M. North Carolina
12 Were did they reside in 1851? Both Jefferson County TN 13 Date of death of Father: 1 7 1895 Mother 3 12 1895
14 were they ever enrolled for monies or annutuies? Dont know but if they were it was with the Cherokee
15 Name all your brothers and sisters giving name and residence if possible.
A. Alice Mosley Hooper B Charley Mosley 3 3 1868 C Cordelia Mosley Bear Feb 25 1864 Wife of Isaac Bear D George Mosley 1870
16 State English and Indian names of your Grandparents G.F. Jim Bear Mothers Side G.F. Issac Mosley Fathers side
17 Where were they born? Both in NC
18. Wher did they live in 1851 if living at that time? If living at that time they lived in NC as they died there.
19. Give Names of all their children: George Mosley was Brother to my father. Dont know any others
20: Have you ever been enrolled? Dont know anything I have been enrolled for
Additional info g;eaned from application:
James wife name was Nancy J Shoemake Indian last name was Bear James Mosleys father name was John. John was 1/4 cherokee indian
James Mosley filed a Guion Miller Application to the Cherokee Rolls in 1907 His family includes the following
John Mosley 1/4 Cherokee b. 1822 Nancy J ShoeMake 1/2 cherokee "Indian Name" Bear b. 1832 James Mosley b 1857 Alice b 1856 Alice Hooper married full blood Andy Hopper Cordelia b 1862 Married Issac Bear an cherokee George b 1870 Charles b 1869
THe following famlys live in Briceville Anderson County TN in the 1900 census. James and Martha Hickman Family George Mosley Family bro to James James Mosley family bro to George according to Guion Miller App in 1907. I havn't found them in the 1900 census yet. Issac Bearfield witnessed James application in 1907 in Clinton Anderson CO TN courthouse
Fred A. Hickman was in the civil warHere is his documents
Fred A. Hickman Co. F 61 Tenn Mtd. Inf. Pitts regiment81 TN Infrantry( Confederate ) Rank ( Sargeant ) Date Nov 10 1862Musterd in Age 23 yerars
Company Muster in roll of the organization listed above.Roll dated Hendersons Depot TN Nov 10 1862
Joined for Dutyand enrolled When:Oct 2 1862 Where:Mossy Creek( Note: Mossy Creek is in Jefferson County TN ) By Whom:J. M. Alexander Period: 3 years
F.A. Hickman 4 Sergant Co. F 81 regt TN Infantry appears on the company Muster roll of the organization named above for Jan & Feb of 1863 Enlisted Oct 2 1862 He was present.
Fred A. Hickman Sargt Co. F 61 Regt TN InfantryAppears on a roll of Prisioners of war Captured by the Army of the TN.May 25 1863
Roll dated Headquarters Dept of TN in the field near Vicksburg MS June 29 1863 Where Captured: Big Black When Captured May 17 1863
Fred A. Hickman Co F 61 Regt. TN appears on a list of Men recruited for the 71st Regt Ind. Vols from the confederate prisioners at Camp Morton Ind. List dated Indianapolis June 15 1863
From the Guion Miller rolls, Military documents and Census records we can see that the Hickmans Bears and mosleys Intermarried.They also moved together as a family. 1850 census:Mossey Creek Jefferson County TN 1860 census:Mossey Creek Jefferson County TN 1870 censusMossey Creek Jefferson County TN 1880 censusJohn & Polly Bear in Mossey Creek TN 1880 censusMartha Bear Hickman family in Roane county TNThey were miners 1880 censusNancy J Bear & husband John Mosely family in Roane county TN 1880 censusIssac Bear and wife Cordelia daughter to John & Nancy Bear Mosely in Roane county TN 1880 censusAdy Hooper and wife Alice daughter to John and Nancy Bear Mosely Roane Roane co TN 1880 censusJames Mosely son John and Nancy Bear Mosely in Roane Co TN.
1900 censusMartha Bear Hickman family in Briceville Anderson County 1900 censusMosely families in Briceville Anderson County 1900 censusCummings Families in Briceville Anderson County TN
If anyone has any question please feel free to ask.
HICKMAN , HORACE JAMES Volume: 32417 Certificate: 042712 Autopsy: N Gender: Male Date of Death: May 30, 2000 SSN: 415129660 Birth Date: September 7, 1909 Father's Surname: HICKMAN Time of Death: 6:50 AM Age: 90 years Birth Place: FOSTORIA (PT), HANCOCK, Ohio Marital Status: widowed Residence: PORT CLINTON, OTTAWA, Ohio Hispanic Origin: Not Hispanic Years of Schooling: 3 Certifier: Physician Referred to Coroner:Branch of Service: Method of Disposition: Burial Mother's Surname: Place of Death: nursing home Race: Native American