Thanks for that I knew that somehow I had to be related to Jaques Begin but could not seem to find out how exactly. Do you know anything about Mary Mader? she seems to be difficult to trace. In answer to your question the reason I believe we have an extra 'n' I have always been told that when my grandfather moved to Britain there was an Israeli dictator around at the time with a very similar surname and he did not want people to confuse us with him. But as my grandfather died when I was 6 I can not say for certain.