The family that came to Cumaná from Galicia, Spain are the Bermúdez de Castro, I descend from this branch and have done extensive research over the years the surname developed from: Bermúdez son (dez) of Bermudo, the Bermudos were a series of Galician kings, de Castro means born of the fortress (castro). The specific branch originates in Puentedeume.
The first Bermúdez de Castro to settle in the continental New World was Bernardo (1) Bermúdez de Castro y Caamaño Rivadeneira He was born in Villamanzo, Spain. A Captain he immigrated to Cumaná, Venezuela in 1670. He was the second son and came to the New World seeking fortune as his elder brother inherited all of the family fortune. Subsequently the elder brother died without descendents and the titles of nobility and family properties passed to Bernardo (1) Bermúdez de Castro y Caamaño Rivadeneira. He married Casilda Gil de la Gotera y Rivas Santirso who was the daughter of Captain Domingo Gil de la Gotera y Conejo and Maria Rivas y Santirso. His descendant Juan Crisóstomo (2) Bermúdez de Castro y Rodriguez Parejo in 1797 he notifies the Cabildo of Cumaná of his nobility and in 1811 attends in representation of his province the First Congress of the Republic of Venezuela.
Bernardo (1) Bermúdez de Castro y Caamaño Rivadeneira was not the first of the family in the New World. Two brothers participated in Columbus¹ first voyage, Juan and Diego Bermúdez de Castro. Juan Bermúdez de Castro (also know as Juan de Bermúdez) continued in the process of exploration and discovered the island of Bermuda, which he named in honour of the Bermudo Kings his ancestors. It is erroneously stated that he named the island in his own honour. This wave of Bermúdez settled in Santo Domingo and Cuba. The roots in Spain maintained the connection between the different waves/branches of the Bermúdez de Castro in the New World.
The Cumaná /Trinidad branch (that I belong to) descends from Bernardo (1) Bermúdez de Castro y Caamaño Rivadeneira. At some point the descendants of that specific branch moved to Angostura del Orinoco (today Ciudad Bolivar) and from there to Trinidad.
Trinidad played/plays a very important part in the Bermúdez family history before and after Venezuela¹s War of Independence.