In answer to the question about the "proof" associated with the "Sir" Walter Boggan.
The turmoil in the 17th and 18th centuries in Ulster and the conflicts between the native Irish, the Scottish emigrants, and the Plantation landlords brings the ability to find documentation extremely troublesome.Additionally, there is a mixture of Anglicized versions of Irish family names and placenames in the records.
There was an effort to subordinate both Irish Catholics and Scottish Presbyterians in the conflicts with English monarchy and the Anglican theology.It was definitely a power play to get the plantation "undertakers" to maximize the profits from the lands and to increase the rents obtained.There was a rebellion in 1641 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Rebellion_of_1641)and a subsequent rebellion through 1691 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williamite_war_in_Ireland).The area around Castlefinn doesn't appear to be a well defensible portion.In the centuries prior to 1641, the Cenél Eóghain and Cenél Conaill battled for control over Ulster (http://www.rootsweb.com/~irlkik/ihm/uineill.htm).
Additionally, some of the readings indicate a close association of the Boggans (O'Bogan) with the Irish church as established by St Patrick and St Columban (Colum Cille).The herenagh position was one of a lay abbot and it appeared that they could read and write and converse in Latin.They were responsible for managing the church lands and paying rents to the bishop.It may be that this approach would have kept the lands out of turmoil.The herenagh position was also hereditary in nature.
The seizure of church lands and reassignment to undertakers was part of the English plantation approach for maximizing the profits.So the inquisitions were set up to take an inventory of all the land holdings prior to the confiscations.The records indicate that an O'Bogan was part of the inquisition at Lifford.According to some of the literature, the juries that were assembled probably included native Irish and earlier Scottish transplants that may have had long standing grudges with the pre-Plantation occupants of the land.
Herenaghs Finin O'Bogan;
Toghernegomerkie parish, containing 2 qrs. of which 1 qr. is in the tenure ofFinin O'Bogan the herenagh, who pay thereout 13s 4d rent to the bishop of Derry,and 10s pension out of the bishop's thirds of the tithes, and also 20 meathersof malt, the rector, vicar, tithes and repairs are as in Faughan parish, thevicar has 1 gort and a garden of glebe;
Patent Rolls of James I
Pat. 16 James I - 1609
XXX.-13. Inquisition, taken at Liffer in Donegal co. 12 Sep.
7th Jas. I. before the commissioners named in the preceding
commission, and the following jury:
Rowland Cougall, Hugh oge O'Donnell, Phelim O'Doughertie, Donell McGinell, Cahill bane McDavid, James O'Sherin, Ferrall McDonell, Lewys O'Clery, Donogh O'Morison, Walter McSwyne, Gilleduff McGerald O'Doughertye, Cahill duff McGarrighie, Henry oge McDavid Pierce O'Donan, Morice O'Kerolan, Neall McGnellus, Maurice O'Ardena, Shane oge McGillekerry, and Tirlagh Carragh McCarvill,
B.For a definition of what an "herenagh" was, I googled the web
"By the 12th century many early church sites had no monks or clergy. Instead hereditary tenants farmed the church lands, under lay abbots known as 'erenaghs' - Irish 'oirchinneach' or 'superior' - in the case of smaller church sites; and 'coarbs' - Irish 'comharba' or 'heir' - who governed the principal shrine in a network of church sites dedicated to a single saint.
Colonists reallocated these 'termon-lands' - or 'sanctuary-lands' - to parish priests, or new monastic orders like Benedictines, or the barons simply annexed them. Meanwhile in Gaelic Ireland the 'termon-men' realised they needed a new legal status inside the church to avoid being taxed as ordinary laymen by the chiefs. They transferred ownership of their lands to the diocesan bishops. Those remaining on the lands were now the bishops' tenants. 'Erenaghs' and 'coarbs' functioned as stewards, collecting rents and tithes. This revenue went to the rector and vicar of each parish, the bishop and the erenagh himself, who spent some on the maintenance of the church buildings.
Lay erenaghs knew Latin and still claimed spiritual powers of blessing and cursing as guardians of the relics of their founder saints. Ulster parish clergy were recruited from erenagh families, making the clerical profession hereditary. Bardic poets, historians and judges were often drawn from erenagh families also. With this ambiguity between clerics and laymen, wives and mistresses of ordained clergy could enjoy social acceptance, despite canon law. The laity, however, reserved their deepest respect for the celibate, highly-educated Franciscan friars. Most churches in Ulster had been beyond the authority of the English crown. After the Plantation these church lands passed to the king as head of the reformed church, and the erenaghs became tenants of the Protestant bishops. Some conformed and became rectors in the established church, with varying degrees of sincerity. Some were evicted and became bitter adherents of the Counter-Reformation."
C.When I tried to find out the location for the Toghernegomerkie parish, I couldn't locate it.So I asked the internet for a translation
"This is a new one to me. I have no information on it and it is not in any of the standard references.
Tim could have hit it on the head and it could be an obsolete name where its meaning has been lost.
It is not in the Index to the Townlands and Towns, Parishes and Baronies of Ireland, 1851. This book is a list of placenames in Ireland based on the returns of the 1851 Irish cenus.
This could indicate that it was obsolete at that time.
Phonetically Toghernegomarkie might be;
Tochar na comairghe, causeway of the sanctuary.
"In those pages I posted above there are some clues to the possible area where that parish used to be. It was under the Raphoe Barony (1609) near (or it seems between) Donaghmore and Clonleigh which are still parishes. There are parishes called Raphoe and Taughboyne as well. Maybe Toghernemerkie was divided up and incorporated into these parishes or was incorporated fully into one. But I see no clue as to the original Irish and I think Tom's offer is about as good as you will get.
Look here for a modern graphic representation of the parishes and you will see what I mean:
PS I know this might be a bit much but if you got hold of a detailed map, a topographic map, and looked around those rivers - the Finn, the Foyne, the Deele, etc. - you may be able to find some geographic hints."
Tochar [togher], a causeway over a bog or marsh; togher.
DONAGHMORE, a parish, in the barony of RAPHOE, county of DONEGAL, and province of ULSTER; containing, with the post-town of Castlefin, 13,257 inhabitants. It is situated on the river Finn, and comprises, according to the Ordnance survey, 46,378 statute acres, of which 45,630 are applotted tinder the tithe act, and valued at £14,331 per annum, and 330 are water. More than one-third is mountainous and uninhabited; and, with the exception of a small portion of woodland, roads, and water, the remainder is good arable and pasture land. The living is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Derry, and in the patronage of the Lighton family. The tithes amount to £1440. The glebe-house is a comfortable residence; the glebe comprises 750 acres. The church, situated near Castlefin, is a plain old edifice, towards the repairs of which the Ecclesiastical Commissioners have recently granted £273 : there is also a chapel of ease opened for divine service in 1833. The R. C. parish is co-extensive with that of the Established Church; there are three chapels, situated respectively at Crossroads, Castlefin, and Sessaghoneel. The Presbyterians have three places of worship, two in connection with the Synod of Ulster, namely, one at Donaghmore of the first class, and the other at Raws; and one belonging to the Seceding Synod. There are eight schools, in which about 300 boys and 250 girls are instructed; and nine pay schools, in which are 620 boys and 220 girls, and 10 Sunday schools, with six classes of adults established by one of the curates, who instructs 180 males and 80 females. --See CASTLEFIN.
F.From A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837) by Samuel Lewis
CASTLEFINN, a post-town, in the parish of DONAGHMORE, barony of RAPHOE, county of DONEGAL, and province of ULSTER, 4 1/2 miles (W. by S.) from Lifford, and 111 3/4 (N. W. by N.) from Dublin: the population is returned with the parish. This place, which was anciently called Castle-Fynyn, belonged about the close of Elizabeth's reign to Sir Neill Garbh O'Donnell. It is situated on the river Finn, which is navigable to the Foyle for vessels of 14 tons' burden, and is on the road from Strabane to Stranorlar; it consists of a single street. Here is a R. C. chapel. --See DONAGHMORE.
G.The inquisition occurred at Liffer (Lifford)
LIFFORD, an assize town (formerly a parliamentary borough) and parish, in the barony of RAPHOE, county of DONEGAL, and province of ULSTER, 1 mile (W.) from Strabane, and 103 (N. by W.) from Dublin, on the road from Strabane to Letterkenny; containing 5941 inhabitants, of which number, 1096 are in the town. This place, formerly called Ballyduff and Liffer, and of which the parish still retains its ancient name of Clonleigh, was first distinguished as the residence of the chiefs of the sept of the O'Donells, who had a strong castle here, in which Manus O'Donell, Prince of Tyrconnell, after being detained prisoner for the last eight years of his life by his own son Calvagh, died in 1563. Hugh O'Donell, called Red Hugh, in 1596, entertained in this castle Don Alonzo Copis, emissary of Philip III. of Spain, who had been sent to ascertain the state of Ireland previously to the embarkation of a Spanish force for its assistance against the English. In 1600, Nial Garbh O'Donell, who had abandoned the cause of Hugh, led 1000 men of the English garrison of Derry to this place, which, from the previous destruction of its castle, was defended only by ramparts of earth and a shallow ditch. On the approach of the English, the garrison of Hugh O'Donell abandoned the place and encamped within two miles of it, and the English took possession of the post, which they fortified with walls of stone. Nial O'Donell, after some weeks had elapsed without any action taking place, observing some disorder in the camp of Hugh, advised the English to attack it; but after an obstinate battle, in which many were killed on both sides, the English retreated to their fortifications, and O'Donell soon after led his forces into Connaught to oppose the young Earl of Clanrickarde. Under the protection of this English fortress the present town first arose, and in 1603 had attained such importance that a market was granted by Jas. I. to Sir Henry Docwra, Knt.. governor of Lough Foyle. In 1611, the village of Liffer, with the fortress and about 500 acres of land adjoining, were, on the settlement of Ulster, granted by Jas. I. to Sir Richard Hansard, with right to hold two fairs in the town, on condition that he should within five years assign convenient portions of land to 60 inhabitants for the erection of houses with gardens, and 200 acres for a common, and that he should also set apart 100 acres for the keep of 50 horses, should His Majesty think proper to place a garrison of horse in the town. The same monarch, in the 10th of his reign, granted to the inhabitants a charter of incorporation, under the designation of the "Warden, Free Burgesses, and Commonalty of the Borough of Liffer," from which time its progress was gradual.
The town is situated in a beautiful valley at the base of an extensive range of mountains, and on the western bank of the river Foyle, over which is a stone bridge of twelve arches leading into the county of Tyrone. It consists of two streets, and contains 161 houses, of which several are neat and well built: the market and fairs have been discontinued. There are infantry barracks for 3 officers and 54 non-commissioned officers and privates. A penny post to Strabane has been established, and there is a constabulary police station in the town. The corporation by the charter consisted of a warden, 12 free burgesses, and an indefinite number of freemen, assisted by two serjeants-at-mace and other officers. The warden, who was also clerk of the market, was annually elected from the free burgesses, who were chosen for life from the commonalty or freemen by a majority of their own body, by whom also the freemen were admitted and the serjeants-at-mace and other officers appointed. The borough returned two members to the Irish parliament till the Union, when it was disfranchised. A court of record for the recovery of debts to the amount of £3. 6. 8. was granted by the charter to be held weekly before the warden; but no proceedings appear to have issued from it for a long period; the corporation seems to have ceased to exercise any other municipal function except that of returning members to the Irish parliament, and since the Union it has become quite extinct. The assizes and December quarter sessions are held in the town. The court-house and county gaol is a very spacious and handsome building in the castellated style; the former is well adapted for holding the various courts; and the latter, which is divided into six wards, is well arranged for classification, and capable of receiving 124 prisoners; the men are employed in breaking stones and in pounding bones for manure, for which there is a large demand, and the women in needlework, spinning, and washing; there is a good school, and the discipline and interior economy have been recommended to the imitation of the managers of other prisons.
H.The parish, which is also called Clonleigh, comprises, according to the Ordnance survey, 12,517 1/2 statute acres, of which 153 are in the tideway of the river Foyle, and 12,227 are applotted under the tithe act and valued at £8520 per annum. The principal seats are Clonleigh, the residence of the Rev. W. Knox; and Cavanacor, of B. Geale Humfrey, Esq. The river Foyle is navigable for vessels of 20 tons from Derry to this place. The living is a rectory, in the diocese of Derry, and in the patronage of the Bishop: the tithes amount to £840, and the glebe comprises 427 acres, of which 177 are uncultivated land. The church is a neat edifice of stone with a square tower, and contains a monument to Sir Richard Hansard and Dame Anne, his wife, enumerating his various benefactions to the town. In the R. C. divisions the parish forms the head of a union or district, comprising also the parish of Camus-juxta-Morne: the chapel, within a mile of the town, is a neat edifice. There is a place of worship for Presbyterians in connection with the Synod of Ulster, of the second class. About 450 children are taught in seven public schools, of which one is endowed by Sir Richard Hansard with £30 per ann. for a master and £20 for an usher, to be appointed by the Bishop of Derry, who is visiter; the parochial schools are partly supported by a bequest of the late Lord Erne and by the Rector, and another is supported by the Creighton family. There are also four private schools, in which are about 80 children, and a Sunday school. Mr. Blackburn, in 1806, bequeathed £200, the interest of which he appropriated to be annually distributed among poor householders, but the legacy has not yet been made available to the purpose. There are remains of three religious houses, at Ballibogan, Churchminster, and Clonleigh; the monastery of Cluanleodh, according to Archdall, was founded at a very early period by St. Columb, and St. Carnech was bishop and abbot of this establishment in 530. Lifford gives the titles of Baron and Viscount to the family of Hewitt.
I.In looking at the history before the 17th century, there is an interesting analysis performed on the ancient tribes and septs that were extracted from the Annals of the Four Masters and presented at the following URLs:http://www.davidalarkin.com/http://www.davidalarkin.com/ and http://www.davidalarkin.com/celtic.htmhttp://www.davidalarkin.com/celtic.htm
In this analysis, there are several references to Bogan and ÓBogan.And one of the more ancient septs that may have some relationship would be the area of Tir Boghaine.
Cinél mBinnigh (Cinel Eoghan of the Valley) The clan of Binich son of Eoghan seated at
Dungiven Co. Derry, in the valley west of the river Bann. The family septs of ÓBogan, ÓBreen,
ÓCadman, MacConcaille [Woods], ÓCoonan, ÓCormack, ÓDeehan, ÓDevine, ÓFeehan,
MacGlinchy, MacGowan [Smythe], ÓMagan, ÓMulbride, ÓMuldoon, ÓMulholland, ÓNewell
[Knowles], ÓToale [Twohill] and ÓToner of Lough Swilly.
The clan of Conal Gulban son of Niall, the territory of Tir Conail or the land of Conal ie; County Donegal. Many families had connections with St. Colmcille's foundation of Iona and were erenaghs and ecclesiastics of that and other Columban foundations.
Cinél Énda The clan of Enda son of Conal Gulban seated at Raphoe, Donegal.
The family septs of MacBride, MacDavitt, ÓDoherty, ÓHeraghty and ÓScannell.
Cinél Sédna The clan of Setnae son of Fergus Cenfodha king of Ailech son of Conal Gulban.
The family septs of MacAlinon, ÓBegley, ÓCananan, MacClinton, ÓCrampsie, MacCreedy, ÓCrilly,
MacCrossan, ÓCullen, ÓDerry, MacErlean, MacGahan, ÓGallagher, MacGinty, MacGinley,
MacGonigle, MacGuinn, ÓHorkin, ÓLappan [Delap], ÓMuldory, ÓMulgeehy [Magee], ÓRafferty,
ÓRowan and ÓTarrant.
Cinél Lughdech The clan of Lugaidh son of Setnae seated at Kilmacrennan, Donegal.
Clan Dalaigh The clan of Dalach, 8th from Conal Gulban, the clan name of the later lords
of Tir Conail and the leading dynasts of this tribe.
The family septs of ÓBoyle, ÓDonnell and ÓFreel.
Tír mBoguine The clan of Bogan at Glencolmcille, Banagh barony north of Donegal Bay.
The family sept of ÓMurphy.
Cinél Conail Dunkeld The kindred of St. Columba d.597, settled in Scotland in the districts of
Atholl and Lennox, seated at the royal site of Dunkeld near Perth, descended from Crinan the Thane last hereditary lay-abbot of Dunkeld, Mormaer of Atholl, Abthane of Dule, Steward of the Western Isleskilled in battle 1045 against Macbeth. He was the father of king Duncan I of Scotland and grandfather of Gospatrick Earl of Northumbria and Dunbar. A great number of Scottish families claim descent fromthis Crinan.
Son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, Eogan, King of Ailech (later referred to as Tir Eoghain, later Tyrone) took part with three of his brothers (Conall Gulban, Enda and Cairbre) in the overthrow of Ulidian power and the conquest of north-western Ireland, capturing the great pre-historic dry-stone stronghold at Aileech (whose keep can still be seen surrounded by three remaining rings of ramparts) circa 425; established his own kingdom in the peninsula still called after him Innishowen (Innis Eoghain or Eogan's Isle) between Lough Swilly and Lough Foyle; was converted to Christianity by St. Patrick himself, who called him "the lion Eogan mac Neill" circa 442; and died 465, being buried at Eskaheen. His descendants, known as the Cenel Eoghain, became the principal branch of the Northern Ui Neill.
In the fourteenth century a branch of the Tyrone O'Neills migrated to Antrim where they became known as Clann Aodha Bhuidhe (Clannaboy).
Son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, Conall Gulban, King of Tir Conaill or the Land of Conall (Tyrconnell, later Donegal), which was his share of the family's conquests in north-western Ulster after 425. His descendants, known as the Cenel Conaill, formed one of the principle branches of the Northern Ui Neill, and until the 12th century their kings were inaugurated at the sacrifice of a white mare, going down on all fours like a stallion and lapping its broth. As the kindred of St. Columbia, members of this branch were also Abbots of Iona 563-891 or later, Abbots of Dunkeld from the 9th to 12th centuries, and Kings of Scots from Duncan I (slain by MacBeth 1040) to Alexander III (died of a fall from his horse 1285/86).
Conall Gulban and his brothers Enda and Eoghan, sons of the High King of Ireland, conquered and partitioned the north-west of Ulster in about the year 460 AD. This area is now known as County Donegal. Conall's descendants, Cineal Chonaill, spread eastward, first conquering Tir Enda and then, in the 11th century, Inish Eoghain was incorporated into Tir Chonaill. Connell's descendants had divided into a number of septs, the more important of which gave their names to tuatha. These were; Tir Aedha, Tir Boghaine, Tir Ainmireach and Tir Lughdach. For 600 years, except during the time of Dalach and his son, the Cineal Ainmireach were supreme in Tir Chonaill and provided Ireland with eight High Kings. Among the descendants of Ainmireach in the 11th century were numbered the O'Cannons, O'Muldoreys and O'Gallaghers. The descendants of Lughdach were the O'Boyles, the O'Dohertys and the O'Donnells.
Banagh, barony of, in Donegal. It is called in the annals Baghaineach [Bawnagh], i. e. the territory of Boghaine [Boana] or Enna Boghaine, the son of Conall Gulban, son of the great king Niall of the Nine Hostages, who reigned from A.D. 379 to 405.
K. Observation about Lydia O'Rorie Moore
Here's an observation about "Sir" Walter Boggan and Lydia O'Rorie Moore
According to most of the family history, he was married to Lydia O'Rorie Moore.My questions go to why would Walter Boggan be of nobility?Maybe he married into the bloodline.If Lydia's name were really Lydia Rorie O'Moore; she could well have been named for a father or uncle, such as Rory O'Moore, a rebellious Irish noble, and through the years, the middle and last names were flipped in the writings due to aural dyslexia.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rory_(Roger)_O'Moorehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rory_(Roger)_O'Moore
Rory O'Moore died in 1655.Walter was born around 1694.If Walter were descended from displaced ancient Irish (lay abbots or whatever, who had their lands seized in 1601-1609 during the Plantation proceedings), the family might be aligned with the rebellious element that would have been subject to transport after the Rebellion of 1641 and who participated in the rebellion that went on until 1691, and ended with the Flight of the Wild Geese.
L.Irish Slaves (what is the basis for the path through Barbados?) http://www.ewtn.com/library/HUMANITY/SLAVES.TXThttp://www.ewtn.com/library/HUMANITY/SLAVES.TXT
M.An Alternative Set of Boggan's from County Wexford
The Yola People
It was in the South east of Ireland, at Baginbun, on the 1st May 1169, that a small company of mercenaries led by a group of Anglo-Norman knights landed. They sailed from Wales at the invitation of Dermot McMurrough, the Irish King of Leinster*. These were soldiers not of the King of England but of the Earl of Pembroke, known as Stongbow, and were only in pursuit of wealth and land.
Strongbow married Dermot's daughter and intermarriage between the invaders and the indigenous Irish became common, as did the exchange and interchange of languages, laws and customs, until they became "more Irish than the Irish". Hence the Yola People with their own unique language and customs. Numerous attempts were made by successive kings of England to prohibit this, and in Kilkenny in 1366, the Irish parliament legislated against the invaders wearing the Irish dress, hairstyle, language and laws - but their efforts proved unsuccessful.
The Yola People have roots of French, Flemish, Danish, English and Welsh origin, mixed with indigenous Irish and have names such as:
O' Brian (Breen)
Just my thoughts based on my readings