In The Box Book with McElroy and Floyd, compiled and published by Ophelia Richardson Wade in July 1975, she refers on page 3 to Robert Box, the elder, as the Robert Box who lived in Laurens Co., SC before the Robert Box, Sr. about whom she wrote in Chapter II of her book. The pertinent paragraph was: "Who then was the Robert Box to whom the land was originally granted that John Box was selling. At this point, I am now going to refer to him as Robert Box, the elder. This will avoid confusion".
There were a number of clues to his presence but no documentation of his identity. In order to make some semblance of order from the confusion of Robert Boxes in South Carolina, Ophelia Wade referred to the Robert Box who married Mary Williams as Robert Box, Sr. and the Robert Box who seemed to be his son as Robert Box, Jr. She did this, although she had no documentation of a Robert Box, Sr. in Laurens Co. There was a Robert Box, Sr. and a Robert Box, Jr. enumerated in the 1790 census of Pendleton County, SC, but this was after there was strong evidence the man she referred to as Robert Box, Sr., married to Mary Williams, was deceased. Recent genealogical discoveries require the nomenclature of Sr. and Jr. to be altered and family relationships adjusted.
There was a Robert Box who bought land in 1728 in New Castle Co., Delaware. A series of deeds of New Castle County discovered by Juliet Wills show that he was a blacksmith, born before 1707, with a wife named Phillis. One deed shows that he signed his name, but his wife Phillis made her mark with an "X". Another document indicates that he had left the area by 1730.
There was a Robert Box known to have purchased land on Little River in Augusta Co. VA in 1753. The discovery of the records of Robert Box in Google's on-line version of Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County, 1745-1800 byLyman Chalkley, Mary Smith Lockwood, Published by Printers; The Commonwealth Printing Co., 1912 provided more information about that Robert Box. On 22 August 1753 he obtained by patent 179 acres on a branch on the north side of Little River (probably in what is now Montgomery County), a tributary of New River. He later sold the 179 acres to Ephraim Vause on 19 April 1755. The deed as transcribed by Chalky indicates Robert Box signed his name.
There was a Robert Box who signed a petition that was presented to the Upper House of Assembly (of South Carolina) on 4 February 1755. The petition was from the inhabitants of Saludy Enoree and parts adjacent and asked for a troop of Rangers of strength sufficient to withstand the enemy. The concern of these folks in this area of South Carolina was triggered by an Indian raid on settlers on Buffalo Creek in 1754. This Robert Box made his mark with an "R".
Joyce Pruhs contributed the petition of Robert Box for a land grantin South Carolina as found in the South Carolina Council Journal--Land, Vols. 1-7, 975.7R2 SLFHL number. The petition was in Vol.4, pg.163 in the book, pgs.268-269 in original document: "The Petition of Robert Box humbly setting forth That the Petitioner had a wife and Child for whom and himself he never had any warrant or survey or grant of land in this Province, prays to lay out one hundred and Fifty Acres of Land on the waters of Santee And that he might have a Grant for the same. Dated July 4 1755. Robert Box. The prayer thereof was granted".
Juliet Wills, working with the archivist at the South Carolina Archives, determined the name Robert Box on the petition was a signed name and not a mark. The signature characteristics of the Robert Boxes listed above suggest that the Robert Box of New Castle Co., Delaware in 1728 and 1729, and Augusta Co., Virginia in 1753 to April 1755, and the applicant for a land grant in South Carolina in July 1755 are the same person. He signed his name, which would seem a requirement for a tradesman such as a blacksmith. This would be Robert Box, the elder.
The Robert Box who made his mark with a "R" on the petition dated 4 February 1755 was probably the son of Robert Box, the elder, and went by the name Robert Box, Junr. as suggested by the transcription of a deed dated 21 Dec. 1769:
"Lease& release. Robert Box of Craven Co., SC, parish of St Mark, planter, to Joseph Kershaw of Camden, merchant, for 500 pds. SC money, 300 acres granted to Robert Box 8 Mar 1763 in Craven Co. on the draughts of Jacksons Creek, a branch of Broad River, recorded in Book WW, p237, Robert Box (LS), Wit: Robert Box Junr (R), William Allison (A), Jas Lindly. Acknowledged in Craven Co. By Robert Box before Jas Lindly, J. P.. 21 Dec 1769. Recorded 7 Sept 1778." In SC Deed Abstracts 1776-1783, Books Y-4 through H-5. Abstracted by Brent H. Holcomb.
The land records of the Box family as found on the South Carolina Archives on-line suggest the first Robert Box who took a land grant of 150 acres on Raburns Creek was Robert Box, the elder. He and his wife, Phillis, were probably the parents of John Box who married Rachel; Robert Box, Junr. who married Mary Williams; Joseph Box who married Margaret; Edward Box who married Lydia; and Henry Box whose connection is established by an oath of Abraham Box that his father John Box had a brother named Henry. There are no known daughters of Robert Box, the elder.