I have concluded that Jane C. was born a Burris, not Sapp.And since William T. Stigall died at age 29, it seems highly unlikely that he had more than the 4 identified children.
(I am a Stegall researcher, but not related to this William T. Stigall.)
From the following marriage information, and the 1850 census, it appears that Elizabeth was a widow (or divorcee) with 4 Burrus children when she married Daniel Sapp.Daniel Sapp may have legally adopted the Burris children, but even if he did, Burris would be correct "blood" surname for Jane C.
From Ken Alford 24 Nov 2000 email:Daniel Sapp m. Elizabeth Burrus, 4 Mar 1849, Fayette Co. IL.
27 Aug 1850 IL Fayette Co., film 106, page 399, dwelling 173, family 173
DanielSapp 48 OH, farmer, $2000
Mahalal Buris 16
Civil War Pension depositions given by James B. Stigall (the son of Jane C. and William T. Stigall) give her maiden name as Sapp and include a reference to his uncle Isaac Sapp.
So it appears to me that the Burris children were raised by Daniel Sapp and started using Sapp as their surname.
Also of interest (but apparently not related to this family) is:
11 Dec 1850, film 106, page 375, dwelling 550, family 561
Jackson Aldridge 25 TN, farmer, $300
Willia M.1 IL
RebeccaBurris 14 OH
Also of possible interest:
1840 IL Fayette Co. film 59, page 168:
1840 IL Shelby Co. film 70, page 197:
Dickenson Burris 012001-21101001
(Note that Fayette and Shelby Counties abut each other.)
Civil War Pension related to William T. Stigall
Minor:appl. 219782, certificate 264185
Soldier: William T. Stigall
Dependent:Jane C.; Frederick Sapp
Unit:C 6th MO Inf
State served from: MO
5 April 1884 deposition of James B. Stigall:
"for himself and also for Mary M. Stigall – now Lucas, Mahala A. Stigall – now Barrows – Flora T. Stigall – now Ellison, only children and only heirs at law of William T. Stigall late...
(NOTE this says that only 4 children survived William T. Stigall, if there were others they must have died earlier.)
11 May 1889 deposition of Jas B. Stigall
My mother's maiden name was Jane C. Sapp and she married my father March 1, 1834 in Fayette Co. IL.After death of William, shemarried Joseph C. Long and died in Fayette Co. IL. March 17, 1864.
Died Jan 1862 of disease at or near Tipton or Sedalia in MO, alleged to have been 7 Jan 1862.Was private at time of death
Married to the solder 1 Mar 1854 under name of Jane C. Sapp, by Samuel Arnold, a Justice of the Peace.Neither had been married before.
Then married Joseph C. Long and died in Fayette Co. Ill. March 17, 1864.
Children of William T. and Jane C. Stigall who were under age 16 at the time of his death.
James B., son born 12 Dec 1856, now of Brownstown IL
Mary M., daughter born 3 Feb 1855(now married as Lucas, P.O. Pana, Christian Co., IL)
Mahala A., daughter born 8 May 1859(now married as Barrows, P.O. Pana, Christian Co., IL)
Flora T., daughter born 19 Jul 1861(now married as Ellison, P.O. Pana, Christian Co., IL)
All living as of 11 May 1889.
Also in file was
"Letters of Guardianship" from Fayette Co. IL, County Court in Vandalia, January term 1875
Frederick Sapp appointed guardian of
James B. Stigall aged 18 yrs Dec 12, 1874
Mahala A. Stigall aged 16 yrs May 8, 1874
Flora T. Stigall aged 13 yrs July 18, 1874
the minor heirs of William T. Stigall, deceased.