Dear Mary Lou;
Are you sure about connecting a Robert Campbell of Botetourt Co., VA in 1789 to Hugh Campbell of Cessnock of 1688?The Augusta and Orange Co., VA and Lancaster County PA records have some possibly conflicting information.There is also a book that was published not too many years ago, using VA and PA records that connected most (not all of the VA Campbells in the Piedmont and Shenandoah Valley area of VA to the 1st through 3rd baronets of Auchinbreck.Others are absolutely known to be descended from the 5th baronet-3rd Baron of Auchinbreck.It is the Campbells who were originally in eastern Virginia, and a few in southern Maryland, and then went southwest that were connected to a line that passed through the Caribbean.
According to the PA and Virginia records that I found and cited to some Middle Tennessee Campbell researchers, here is the data on the earliest Robert Campbells in Augusta and Orange County--whose direct descendants are proved to have been in Rockbridge and Botetourt Counties, which were created from Augusta County.Patrick Campbell arrived and took up land in Conestoga in Donegal township in Chester Co., PA in 1724 (near Harrisburg).He was made first constable of Conestoga township when Lancaster County was carved from Chester Co. in 1729.John Campbell arrived with his sister Mary Campbell White and their families "before 1730" and settled in Lancaster County, PA.He was a middle aged man at the time with nearly grown children.Between 1733 and 1739, two known sons of John, Robert and Dugald arrived and acquired lands in Orange County, VA.In 1739-40 (Benjamin Borden Sr. and Jr. didn't register patents until 1742 for lands already issued up to 3 years before--info from lawsuit records), three brothers: Patrick Campbell (the former constable), Robert Campbell and David Campbell arrived together and acquired land in Augusta County.Almost all the Robert Campbells in the Piedmont and Shenandoah Valley of Virginia can be proved by subsequent records to have descended from those who were in Orange and Augusta Counties between 1733-1740.
I partly descend from Campbells who themselves descended mostly from the 3rd Baron Auchinbreck.I'm still trying to determine one line of my own.Since many names of descendants of the 1st through 3rd baronet and the 3rd Baron are the same, I've been working on sorting out these lines for over 20 years at this point.I have cousins (some now deceased) who have been working on this even longer--since pre-computer days.Several of us have endured sinus infections, black flies, etc. to actually go through county records, cemeteries, etc. of these counties.
Bear in mind there is also a Robert who was briefly in Augusta County whose descendants went into Kentucky by the time of the last of the Revolution who was actually a direct descendant of the oldest son of the 2nd Duke of Argyll who was sent to Ireland in disgrace for being too ardent a convenanter and a Jacobite.He married a Walker of Wigtown, Ayrshire, connected to the Rutherford family as well.In the mid-1800's the English parliament literally paid off the descendants of this Campbell line to compensate them for loss of lands and the title, to avoid future claims against the descendants of the younger son who became the recognized 3rd Duke.This is documented as well.
Finally, a large number of the Campbells who arrived in Cumberland County, North Carolina between 1746-1752 were Campbells of Glenorchy.They identified themselves as such in Church and colonial records, and the Church history of the area covers the reason for this group's emigration and who they were very well.Interestingly, they had as an early minister, though, a Campbell who was of the Auchinbreck line and had left Pennsylvania just to serve this community and whose children intermarried with the others who remained during and after the Revolution.
I hope this helps you and your fellow researchers of the Virginia and Carolina Campbells some.I do understand the frustration of trying to link up data from a century apart.My Wallaces have been going through this also, with exactly the same sort of situations.We had one bunch that arrived early in Maryland and eastern Virginia, some having passed through the Caribbean, and another later arriving group that arrived in New Castle for the most part (a few through Maryland) and then very quickly went to the Shenandoah and Piedmont areas for lack of enough land for growing families in Pennsylvania.Look at the discussions regarding the name "Peter Wallace" sometime.It will be very familiar to you, I'm sure.
Oh yes, the Wallaces, Woods, Campbells of Auchinbreck, Maxwells, Boyds, Stuarts/Stewarts,Hayes/Hays, Andersons and Dunlaps who settled in Augusta County between 1739-1749 are all closely related and thoroughly intermarried. According to the Borden grant lawsuit records, particularly the inheritance lawsuits of the Woods-McDowell-Borden heirs, the first 100 families were brought in by the Woods-McDowell families and were all close kin to Magdalena Woods and her husband John McDowell--mostly to the former.Her mother was Elizabeth Campbell, a daughter of the 3rd Baron of Auchinbreck and his second wife.Her aunt, Elizabeth Woods married Samuel Wallace (father of Peter Wallace of MD-PA: 1717-1786, who married his first cousin, Martha Woods--a sister of Magdalena). Another aunt of Magdalena's, Mary Campbell, married Michael Woods, brother to Samuel Woods who was Magdalena and Martha's father.Do you see the situation, now?
Anyhow, I also posted a bunch of new information (actually collected by a couple of cousins and my self in the days of typewriters--even before the IBM Selectric in some instances) on Campbells in response to Janie Ralls on page 4 of this message forum that you and others might want to peruse.It's not meant to be a "be-all, end-all" posting, but to give additional clues and links in the "jigsaw puzzle of the Campbells."Good luck and I hope you'll stay in communication.
Cecilia L. Fabos-Becker, San Jose, CA
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