Still at it, eh, Hal? Good for you! I can address the Caplenor side of the issue, sort of. I derive from the Hans Leonhard Kepplinger branch of the family. According to signatures given in Dover, England two brothers signed their name four different ways including Kepplinger and Koplinger (with an umlauted o). This was not unusual at all for the times. The fact that the Americanization for the name became Caplinger gives credence to a derivation from Kepplinger. This is further supported by the fact that non-inger names are still pronounced cap'-lee-ner, retaining the rythm and tone of Kepplinger. My son, howevever, chooses to pronounce his last name as cap-luh-NOR, ending centuries of effort to keep the pronunciation close to the original. As for my last name's transmogrifications I can dispel one family legend. The name was NOT changed as a result of the War Between the States. John W. Caplenor (the first) changed the spelling long before the war. I have seen secondary (thus unreliable) evidence that Samuel may have changed the name with each of his children. The best explanation I have heard is that the name was changed to improve mail service, there being many Caplingers in the Wilson County,TN area in the early to mid 19th century. Your name may derive from such a pedestrian act as this. BTW, Kepplinger is prevalent as a name in Austria, too, but our forebears signed the Church Book in Schweigern, Germany, a small town in southeastern Germany. The -inger suffix is very common in that area. Happy hunting.