Many researchers have felt that James Carroll 1765-1834 and his brother, William, were the sons of William and Anne Carroll, who lived first in Johnston County, NC and later moved to Columbia County, GA.Although, William and Anne did, in fact, have two sons, William and James; other evidence makes me wonder if they are different people.I mentioned previously that John Carroll died in 1763, and I believe that William was his son.William and his wife Anne, sell some land in Johnston County, NC in 31 Aug 1784.No census exists for GA for 1790, 1800 and 1810.In 1793, William and his son John are in the Columbia Co. Muster Rolls.They are also in the land records starting with a deed dated in 1794.I already stated that William had the following children:John (who married Ann Prather 4 June 1792 Columbia Co. GA),Mary (who married Wm. Hunt 2 June 1794 Columbia Co.,GA), Bethania (who married Edward Prather 26 Feb 1798 Columbia Co. GA), Mitchell (who married Sarah Carroll, poss. daughter of John), James (who was married but I don't know wife's name), and William (who was also married but wife unknown to me).I also mentioned earlier that William Sr. married a second time to Sarah Penny in Johnston County, NC.Both of their wills were filed in Johnston County, NC 22 Feb 1813, but indicated they were living in Columbia County, GA.(They seemed to keep holdings in both North Carolina and Georgia.The locations are somewhere in the neighborhood of 200 miles apart.) The will of William Sr. named his son, William executor of his estate and stated he was from Georgia. The land records of the 2nd and 22nd of Feb 1813 of Columbia GA show James, William Jr. and Mitchell selling land to each other.This is about the time of their father's death.My James Carroll is at about the same time (25 May 1813)ordered to take tax lists in Johnston Co., NC. The William and Anne Carroll descendants seem to be the only Carroll family living in Columbia, GA.The 1820 Census shows: Ann Carroll (maiden name Prather, widow of John who died in 1806)on page 49.She is on the same page is William Carroll (26-45 yrs), his wife (26-45), 1 son 16-26, 3 sons under 10 and a daughter under 10.James Carroll (pg. 35) is 26-45, his wife the same, one son under 10, one daughter 10-16 and 2 daughters under 10.Mitchell Carroll is on the same page.He is also 26-45, his wife the same, one daughter under 10, 2 sons 10-16 and 2 sons under 10.Mitchell dies and leaves the following minor age children: Louisa, Luquilla, and William M. William Carroll Jr. is made their guardian.Another document shows that Mitchell also had an older daughter, Eliza.So the 1830 Census shows two Carroll families in Columbia County: James Carroll (50-60 yrs)and his family on page 349 and William Carroll and family on page 348. The 1840 Census shows only 3 Carroll families in Columbia County:William Carroll (age 60-70) and family (page 299), William A. Carroll age 20-30 and family(page 301), and James Carroll age 50-60 and family(page 303).These are the same years (1820, 1830)that my James and William Carroll are appearing in the census records of Johnston County, North Carolina.How can they be in the same places at the same time?William Carroll Jr. of Columbia County died in 1844 and left a noncupative will, which mentions his children: John, James and Elizabeth. It seems unlikely to me that James Carroll 1765-1834 was the son of William and Anne Carroll of Columbia County, Georgia. He remained in Johnston County from the time of his marriage to his death.