Andrew Jackson CARROL of Robertson County, TN was known as Andrew Jackson BARTHOLOMEW until the mid 1870s.This is a big question for me at this time.
I came across this mystery while searching the geneology of his daughter, Idella CARROL(L) my gg grandmother.I knew that Idella had married John SHOEMAKER in Robertson County, TN in 1876, but after researching, I found that John SHOEMAKER married an Idella BARTHOLOMEW in 1876.This puzzled me for over a year since Idella's maiden name was CARROL.I finally found out the Idella's father was named Jack or Andrew Jackson CARROL as listed on her death record.So, I did further research via the internet, and found that Andrew Jackson BARTHOLOMEW had a daughter Idella on the 1870 census same age as my Idella, and then to my astonishment, I found that the 1880 census for Andrew CARROL and the 1870 census from A.J. BARTHOLOMEW were strikingly the same minus a few children which moved out.Any others out there running into this roadblock?I have some records coming in the mail form the archives which I hope can answer some questions.By the way, I was always told Idella was Indian or at least half Indian, and I wonder if this is the reason for the name change of the family.Another noteworthy event - John SHOEMAKER's parents divorced around the same time as John and Idella married, which was also the same time as the name change of Andrew BARTHOLOMEW.Idella, who married John SHOEMAKER as a BARTHOLOMEW was even known to her children as Idella CARROL.
Please see census comparison below.(Sorry, I can't get them to line up.)
1870 Robertson County 1880 Robertson County
A.J. Bartholomew 53 Andrew Carrol 61 Amanda 32 Amanda 39 Andrew Carrol's wife and children still living with him are identical in name and age to Andrew JACKson Bartholomew.
William 18 Adult Moved Out Happy A. 17 Adult Moved Out Idella 10 Adult Moved Out John Shoemaker married Idella Bartholomew in 1876. This Idella was known as maiden name Idella Carrol to children. This Idella's death certificate lists Jack Carrol as father aka (A.J. Carrol).
Lilly 9 Lilly 17 James A. 6 James 14 John 5 John 12 Pearly 2 Pearl L. 10 Eddie Lee 5/12 Eddie 9 All children above are same name and approx. age as the Bartholomew's in 1870.
Claud 4 Ida M. 2 Polly 60
There is no Andrew CARROL on the 1870 Robertson County Census, and no BARTHOLOMEW at all on the 1880 census.