Barbara,I CAN'T PROVE THE INFORMATION I'M SENDING
I'M NOT RELATED TO YOU
IT'S SORT OF, YOU ASK, I LOOK, I FIND, I SEND
HOPEFULLY IT'LL AT LEAST GIVE YOU A START.
I ENJOY GENEALOGY AND HELPING PEOPLE
LAST BUT NOT LEAST, IT KEEPS ME OFF OF THE COUCH
HERE WE GO
Hope this helps!!!!Gene
Name: John D. CARROLL
Birth: Abt 1805 in Georgia
Change Date: 25 OCT 2002 at 17:28:46
Father: Harvell CARROLL b: Abt 1780 in North Carolina
Mother: Elizabeth PARKER b: Abt 1795
Marriage 1 Emeline HUMPHREY b: Abt 1810 in Georgia
Married: 12 AUG 1833 in Greene County,Georgia
Sarah CARROLL b: 29 APR 1839 in Hancock County,Georgia
Name: Sarah CARROLL
Birth: 29 APR 1839 in Hancock County,Georgia
Death: 6 MAR 1917 in Winston County,Alabama
Change Date: 25 OCT 2002 at 17:30:44
Father: John D. CARROLL b: Abt 1805 in Georgia
Mother: Emeline HUMPHREY b: Abt 1810 in Georgia
Marriage 1 George Washington DENTON b: 20 MAY 1837 in Dallas,Paulding County,Georgia
Married: 20 JAN 1855
Nancy Emmaline DENTON b: 18 SEP 1857 in Dallas,Paulding County,Georgia
Name: George Washington DENTON
Birth: 20 MAY 1837 in Dallas,Paulding County,Georgia
Death: 26 JUN 1925 in Winston County,Alabama
Event: Corporal 1st Georgia Cavalry Military Service C.S.A.
1st Regiment, Georgia Cavalry
1st Cavalry Regiment was assembled during the fall of 1861 at Rome, Georgia. Many of its members were recruited in the counties of Meriwether, Floyd, and Lumpkin. The unit skirmished in East Tennessee and later took an active part in Bragg's Kentucky Campaign. During the war it served in Pegram's, Davidson's, J.J. Morrison's, Iverson's, and C.C. Crews' Brigade. It fought at Murfreesboro and Chickamauga, was active in the Knoxville and Atlanta Campaigns, then participated in the defense of Savannah and the campaign of the Carolinas. When the regiment surrendered with the Army of Tennessee, it had fewer than 50 officers and men. Its field officers were Colonels Samuel W. Davitte and James J. Morrison; Lieutenant Colonels A.R. Harper, James H. Stickland, and George T. Watts; and Major John W. Tench.
Change Date: 11 OCT 2002 at 01:26:15
Father: Samuel DENTON b: Abt 1809 in Gainesville,Hall County,Georgia
Mother: Sarah Jane CARTER b: Abt 1811 in Paulding County,Georgia
Marriage 1 Sarah CARROLL b: 29 APR 1839 in Hancock County,Georgia
Married: 20 JAN 1855
Nancy Emmaline DENTON b: 18 SEP 1857 in Dallas,Paulding County,Georgia
Name: Harvell CARROLL
Birth: Abt 1780 in North Carolina
Death: in Hancock County,Georgia
Change Date: 25 OCT 2002 at 17:31:53
Father: Douglas CARROLL b: Abt 1765 in Virginia
Marriage 1 Elizabeth PARKER b: Abt 1795
Married: 10 OCT 1803 in Greene County,Georgia
John D. CARROLL b: Abt 1805 in Georgia
Name: Douglas CARROLL
Birth: Abt 1765 in Virginia
Death: Abt 1828 in Greene County,Georgia
Change Date: 25 OCT 2002 at 17:33:41
Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
Harvell CARROLL b: Abt 1780 in North Carolina
Name: Nancy Emmaline DENTON
Birth: 18 SEP 1857 in Dallas,Paulding County,Georgia
Death: 29 OCT 1929 in Portersville,DeKalb,Alabama
Census: 1900 Marshall County,Alabama,Precinct 6,P. 61A
Census: 1920 Dekalb County,Township 7,P. 7A
Change Date: 2 OCT 2002 at 18:54:32
Father: George Washington DENTON b: 20 MAY 1837 in Dallas,Paulding County,Georgia
Mother: Sarah CARROLL b: 29 APR 1839 in Hancock County,Georgia
Marriage 1 John Newton OWEN b: 1852 in Haywood County,North Carolina
Married: Abt 1873 in Paulding County,Georgia
Georgia Lenora OWEN b: 9 AUG 1876 in Georgia
Nicy OWEN b: JAN 1878 in Georgia
William Luther OWEN b: NOV 1879 in Georgia
Hattie OWEN b: AUG 1882 in Bell County,Texas
Sarah Elmyra OWEN b: 6 AUG 1884 in Alabama
Etta OWEN b: NOV 1886 in Alabama
Lilly Mae OWEN b: NOV 1889 in Alabama
J. N. OWEN b: 1 JAN 1891 in Alabama
Jessie OWEN b: APR 1893 in Alabama
Name: Sarah Elmyra OWEN
Birth: 6 AUG 1884 in Alabama
Death: 14 JUL 1915 in Mt. Pleasant,Titus County,Texas
Burial: 1915 Gladewater Cemetery,Mt. Pleasant,Titus County,Texas
Change Date: 6 OCT 2002 at 19:24:45
Father: John Newton OWEN b: 1852 in Haywood County,North Carolina
Mother: Nancy Emmaline DENTON b: 18 SEP 1857 in Dallas,Paulding County,Georgia
Marriage 1 Arthur Dalton CARTER b: 27 SEP 1882 in Fort Payne,DeKalb County,Alabama
Married: 21 APR 1901
Lessie CARTER b: 20 JUL 1903 in Texas
Eva Inez CARTER b: 14 JUL 1906 in Texas
Jessie E. CARTER b: 17 FEB 1909 in Mount Pleaseant,Titus,Texas
Charles Harold CARTER b: 14 FEB 1915 in Titus County,Texas
Name: Charles Harold CARTER
NPFX: Lt. Cdr.
Birth: 14 FEB 1915 in Titus County,Texas
Death: 20 FEB 2005 in Jacksonville,Duval County,Florida
Burial: 31 MAR 2005 Arlington National Cemetary
Event: Lt. Commander Military Service 1935
_DATE2: 1961 United States Navy
Event: Prisoner of War 1 APR 1942
_DATE2: 16 MAY 1945 Marlag,Westertimke,Germany
Event: Blooming Grove High School High School Navarro County,Texas
Was aboard USS Cythera off North Carolina on 1 Apr 1942 when it was sunk by U-402. He was the first POW captured under the American Flag. Was taken to Germany and held as a POW. Tried numerous escapes. Was liberated by British troops 16 May 1945.
AMERICAN PRISONERS OF WAR IN GERMANY
Prepared by MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE, WAR DEPARTMENT 1 Nov 1945
MARLAG, UND MILAG NORD (Naval Personnel)
The camp was situated at Westertimke (53deg51min North latitude - 9deg67min51sec East longitude) 30 miles southwest of Hamburg and 10 miles north of Bremen. It was well placed on sandy ground planted with pine trees. On 10 April 1945, the majority of PW was evacuated toward Lubeck, but many of the personnel who were unable to march remained as a unit until liberated by the British on 14 April.
Created for the confinement of Navy and Merchant Marine personnel only,-the installation under normal conditions had a capacity of 5300 and in emergencies of 6900. According to official figures of the Protecting Power, the strength in April 1944 was 4268 and in Dec. 1944, 4223 with 41 nations and races represented. In April 1945, approximately 1900 RAF officers were removed from Stalag Luft III at Sagan and were accommodated in this camp. In Sept. 1944, a large group of civilian internees was brought in from Gironagny and placed in the Ilag. At no time were there more than 71 Americans from the Navy and Merchant Marine in this camp, and on 2 April 1945 two American Air Corps officers were imprisoned there, the first non-naval American personnel to arrive. A month before liberation the camp held 35 American Merchant seamen and 9 regular service personnel including: Maj. Peter Ortiz and Lt. Walter W. Taylor of the Marine Corps and Lt. (jg) Richard M. Harris, USNR.
The entire camp, which was constructed in the autumn of 1942 and subsequently added to, consisted of 7 lagers as follows: Lager I, Dulag, which was used as an interrogation and transit compound; Lager II, Marlag, housing personnel of the Royal Navy; Lager III, Milag, for the confinement of Merchant Marine personnel of the various nationalities; Lager IV, Milag (Inder), accommodating Indian seamen of the Merchant Navy; Lager V, Wache, for the camp guard; Lager VI, Kommandatur, the administrative officer for the entire establishment; Lager VII, Stabslager, living quarters for the administrative personnel of the entire establishment. The Marlag Lager for the Navy PW and the Milag Lager for Merchant Marine PW each had compounds designated as Marlag "O" and Marlag "M" and Milag "O" and Milag "M" for officers and enlisted men respectively. When the 1900 RAF officers arrived, PW from Marlag "M" were transferred to the Ilag compound and the British fliers were accommodated in Marlag "M". Each compound consisted of several sturdily built one-storied wooden buildings which were well-lighted and heated. There were 29 of them in Marlag and 36 in Milag. The majority of them were used as barracks for the PW while the others were kitchens and dining rooms, ablution barracks, guard barracks, storehouses, postal section and other administrative buildings. Each building used as living quarters comprised many rooms accommodating 14 to 16 officers or 18 men of other rank. There were two and three-tiered bunks furnished with palliasses of straw with washable covering. Two blankets were issued each man and some PW had an extra Red Cross blanket. Personally owned blankets were rare. Cleanliness was the rule and for the most part the barracks were well kept although at times the palliasses were infected with vermin. The entire camp was surrounded by barbed wire and the Marlag and Milag compounds were also separated by barbed wire. Within the lagers, the compounds for officers and men were also separated by wire. In addition each compound had a barbed wire cattle fence about a yard high placed about 4 yards inside the outer fencing. PW were not allowed to go beyond the cattle fencing. Placed at the corner of each camp were watchtowers with machine guns and searchlights, which were always turned off during an air raid warning.
At first: the camp was commanded by Kapitan zur see Schuhr, a regular German navy officer who was severe but considered by PW as just. After his transfer the personnel was as follows:
Camp Commander : Fregatten-Kapitan Schmidt
Second in command : Korvetten-Kapitan Kogge
Security Officer : Oberleutnant Schoof
German Physician : Stabsarzt Dr. Trautman
Accompanying Officer of the G.H.C. : Major Bosenberg
Kapitan Schrnidt was short and fat and looked like a pig. He weighed about 290 pounds, was five feet nine inches tall. about 54 years old and had grey hair. The security officer, Oberleutnant Schoof, was about 61 tall, weighed about 150 pounds and had a very thin long nose, dark skin and black hair. The PW did not come into contact with other members of the camp personnel. When the camp was first formed the camp guard comprised NCOs and men from naval artillery units. These men, between 45 and 55 years, were unfit for frontline service. In addition about 30 members of the German marine forces were distributed throughout the camp as cooks and clerks. Later on the guards at the camp were of the Wehrmacht and wore the uniform of this ground force organization. According to observations by PW there were 8 guards around the enlisted men's barracks going on duty at 0730 hours and remaining there until 1800 hours. Armed with pistols, they patrolled the barracks area and sometimes entered them. There were 2 guards along the inner fence of the enlisted men's compound. Shifts changed every 2 hours. Twelve guards patrolled as sentries along the outer fence around the compounds at all times. The guards were old and were for the most part German farmers recently inducted into the Wehrmacht although some of them had been veterans of the first World War. As a rule the guard personnel was changed about every six months. PW traded with the guards whenever they would come into the barracks and talked to them quite openly.
The compounds were administered by English personnel who filled the staff positions. Ph.M. 1/C Charles H. Carter was the American MOC in Marlag, "M" and Joseph Ashworth, of the U.S. Merchant Marine Corps, was American MOC in the Milag compound. The basic unit for organisation was the barracks and the barracks' chiefs were all English inasmuch as the number of American PW in the 2 compounds was so small.
In general the health in the camp was very good. There were a few cases of tuberculosis in the hospital, which was in the Milag section of the camp and was operated by the British, and also a very few cases of dysentery. The American MOC in Marlag "M" acted as the doctor for the Americans. All dental work was done by an English dentist. It was reported by those who had been to the hospital that the treatment was quite good, but the hospital ran short of medical equipment and supplies. Washing facilities were in a separate building in the camp. In this building were 3 cold showers which the men could use at any time and 53 water spigots. The men received what was supposed to be a hot shower once a week, but the building where the showers were situated was a quarter of a mile from the camp and 3 parties of 25 men each would be taken down at one time. Therefore, the men who went in first were the only ones to get a hot shower, because when the others came later the water was cold. The latrine, which was in a separate building, consisted of 47 stools over a hole in the ground. They were cleaned out about once every 2 weeks. Drinking water was plentiful and was available at all times except the one period of 3 weeks in Dec. 1944 when the Germans claimed that the pump was broken and needed repair. At that time the water was on only during certain hours of the day.
The usual German ration existed in this camp. Breakfast comprised 2 slices of bread, half a cup of ersatz coffee and sometimes a small piece of cheese. For dinner the prisoners had soup made out of turnips and potatoes, and for supper each PW was issued three potatoes. About once a month a little horsemeat and sugar was issued. The meager rations 'were supplemented by Red Gross parcels, the food of which was prepared by PW on the stoves in the barracks.
The German issued no clothing to the PW although there was a great demand for winter overcoats and warm garments. Red Cross shipments were received quite regularly and distribution was made of the necessary clothes to each PW. The English had set up a shop to repair shoes and there was also a tailor shop in the camp. The Germans did not confiscate any uniforms of the prisoners who were allowed to keep whatever clothing they had.
The treatment of PW was correct. There were no indications of any disciplinary actions having been taken against American PW. The guards were older men and would do, favours for the PW for cigarettes. Consequently there was a sort of mutual understanding and as long as the PW did not cause any trouble they were not interfered with by the Germans.,,
WORK & PAY
PW from Marlag and Milag never worked outside of the camp, but when they were asked to do so they refused. Seamen 2/C were made to do work within the camp but the Seamen 1 C did nothing except work on cleaning details and KP within the barracks. Those PW who worked received 40 pfennings per day, and according to statements of some they received 7 marks 50 pfennings a month. The money was in camp currency and could be spent 'in the PX operated by the Germans. In Nov. 1944 the Germans stopped issuing camp currency and paid the PW in German marks. No man was ever allowed to have more than 30 marks in his possession.
In each compound there were sports fields where the PW could play baseball and volley ball. A great deal of equipment was supplied by the Red Cross and YMCA. Other exercise was obtained by walking around in the enclosure during the day, and toward the end of the war the Germans permitted the PW to walk outside the compounds under guard. They would give the guards cigarettes for the privilege of taking these walks and at times would go as far as 2 and 3 miles from the camp but never near any town. Plays were put on by the PW in the camp theatre. They also had a band, using instruments issued by the. Red Cross and those purchased by the British from the Germans. A well stocked library.(3000 volumes),was. run by the British. In regard to education. there were 19 men giving instruction in 25 separate courses, which included languages, mathematics, commercial subjects, vocational, economic and scientific. Classes were very popular and well attended. Textbooks for these courses were obtained from the Red, Cross and YMCA.
In general the delivery of mail was very erratic. The average number of letters received per man per month was 7 and required as many as 61 days for transit. Parcel post packages required about 43 days in transit. PW received 2 letter and 4 card forms per month, while the medical staff received a double ration of the forms. The Germans were quite regular in issuing these forms and at times additional ones could be obtained from PW who did not desire to use theirs. There were no restrictions on the number of incoming letters a PW could receive and the letters could be kept indefinitely. German. civilian girls censored incoming as well as outgoing mail.
Two small chapels, one for Protestants and the other for Catholics, were in the ,camp. Protestant church services were held in the morning and evening of every Sunday. In addition prayers were held every night and there was a mid-week "fellowship discussion group" meeting. The YMCA provided hymnals and prayer books and at Christmas time provided hundreds of booklets with Christmas carols. An English chaplain served as minister. A French civilian internee was the Roman Catholic chaplain; Mass and benedictions were .held each day.,
Representatives of the Protecting Power came to the camp about every 3 months. They made fairly rigid inspections and received oral and written complaints from the Senior British officers and the Men of Confidence in the individual compounds. The German staff usually accompanied the Swiss representatives when they made a tour of the camp. Complaints about food, clothes, sleeping accommodations, the need for fuel and other matters were turned over to the Germans. In chronic cases the complaints were acted upon promptly but in other cases, particularly in regard to the coal situation, action was promised but never fulfilled. According to statements of PW, they felt that the Swiss representatives were doing all they possibly could but were handicapped by the Germans in the High Command. The Red Cross and the YMCA were particularly helpful in regard to the welfare of the PW. Recreational supplies, books and clothing were provided whenever requested, and whenever representatives of these 2 organisations came to the camp, PW had ready access to them and could usually obtain whatever they requested.
EVACUATION & LIBERATION
On 8 April 1945, the German camp commander notified PW that the camp was to be moved to Lubeck. The few Americans in the camp were to have marched along with the Royal Navy and Merchant Navy personnel. PW who were unable to march were to remain in the camp under German command. The first day out of the camp the column was strafed by British planes and a great deal of confusion resulted, with most of the men going back to the camp. Some Americans escaped and hid out in the woods west of the camp. They spent several days there but when they became sick from drinking stagnant water they decided to give themselves up. Upon their return they found the English in complete control of the camp.
"SOURCE MATERIAL FOR THIS REPORT CONSISTED OF INTERROGATIONS OF FORMER PRISONERS OF WAR MADE BY CPM BRANCH, MILITARY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE, AND REPORTS OF THE PROTECTING POWER AND INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS RECEIVED BY THE STATE DEPARTMENT (Special War Problems Division)." Taken from the general introduction to camps.
USS CYTHERA (PY 26)
Robert P. Sables LTC, MSC, AUS, Ret.
At 0047, 2 May 1942, the patrol yacht USS Cythera (PY-26), broken into two sections during a torpedo attack, slid beneath the waters of the cold North Atlantic. She had been at sea just 21 hours 45 minutes, bound from Norfolk, Virginia, to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It was initially assumed by the US Navy that all 71 crew members had been lost and their families were notified on 2 June 1942 of their "missing status". However, for two crewmen this was not the case.
CONSTRUCTION - "RICH MAN'S YACHT" - WORLD WAR I
Our story begins on 20 September 1906, in Leith, Scotland, when Ramage and Ferguson LTD. launched the yacht Agawa. She was sponsored by Mrs. C. W. Harkness. Articles at the time describe her cabins as "elegant" and her hull lines "graceful".
Mr. William L. Harkness, New York City, a renowned "oil baron "with heavy investments in Standard Oil, also owned a second yacht---the Gunilda. She too had been built at Ramage and Ferguson LTD. During a fishing trip on 31 August 1911, the Gunilda sunk in Schreiber Channel off of Lake Superior. The Harkness family was safely transferred to a nearby tugboat. According to reports at the time , Mr. Harkness refused to pay for a local guide to assist the craft through the channel and let the task fall upon his crew - -- a very costly mistake.
Shortly after the United States entered World War I on 6 April 1917, the Cythera [ex-Agawa] was leased by the family to the US Navy. Her gleaming white hull soon gave way to a painted black/white camouflage pattern. After refit, she was placed in commission on 20 October 1917. Her first commanding officer was Lt.Cdr.Walter G. Roper, a Georgia native, who would later be awarded the Navy Cross for his wartime service. Her second CO, a Captain Raymond Jack, USCG, would also receive the same award.
On 1 November, the USS Cythera (SP 575) departed Newport, Rhode Island, for Gibraltar --------arriving safely on 29 December 1917. En route, she towed the yacht USS Margaret. Based at Gibraltar, the Cythera was assigned to escort and patrol duty in the Mediterranean Sea. The DANFS (Dictionary of American Naval fighting Ships) credits her with two rescue operations: 27 May 1918 -rescued 35 survivors from the torpedoed SS Ariel, 3 October 1918----rescued the crew of the torpedoed SS Uganda. After the Armistice, the USS Cythera returned to New York City on 5 February 1919 and was decommissioned. The following month, on 19 March 1919, she was returned to her owners.
WORLD WAR II SERVICE
Three weeks after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor, 31 December 1941, the US Navy purchased the Cythera from the Harkness family. The vessel was delivered to the Philadelphia Navy Yard where she again underwent a refitting for naval service. Three 3"/50 gun mounts were installed plus two stern dept charge racks. Upon completion of the refit, the Cythera was placed in service on 3 March 1942 as a patrol yacht ----designation PY-26. Her specifications were : tonnage 1,000 , length 215' , beam 27'6" , draft 12' , speed 12 knots, and complement 71.
Lt.Cdr. Thomas Wright Rudderow, age 56, was assigned as commanding officer. He had served aboard the transport USS De Kalb during the First World War and afterwards remained active in the reserves. When recalled to active duty in January 1942, he was the superintendent/commanding officer of the Pennsylvania Nautical School ship Seneca. Joining him aboard the Cythera were Lt. Casper L. Zacharias, USNR, Ensign Robert Earl Brister, USNR, Ensign William Logan Bunker, Jr., USNR, and Ensign Stratton Christensen, USNR.
New recruits, sprinkled with some "old hands", were assigned to the various departments. A substantial number of men were from the greater New York area. A typical sailor was Sea2/c Edwin J. Klenk, age 21, from Audubon, N.J. His father was the president of the Audubon Heating Company. Young Klenk had been a well known lifeguard at the Ocean City beach and in the past had won competition medals for lifesaving skills.
Finally, the USS Cythera received orders assigning her to the Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. At 0300 hrs. 1 May 1942, she departed Norfolk, Virginia, and set course for the Panama Canal.
Two weeks prior, the patrol yacht USS Beryl (PY-23) had departed for the Pacific----passed through the Panama Canal on 26 April-----underwent repair work at San Diego----and safely arrived at Pearl Harbor on 29 June 1942. She would spend the rest of the war at Pearl and Midway Island ----not returning to the West Coast until November 1945.
The USS Cythera would not be as fortunate.
On the evening of 1 May 1942, the U-402, commanded by Baron Siegfried von Forstner, was cruising on the surface some 100 miles off Cape Fear, North Carolina. She was on her third war patrol----with negative contacts ----and was shortly due to leave station for St. Nazaire, France. The bridge look-out around mid-night spotted a small warship zigzazzing on a southerly course. Forstner performed an "end around run" on the spotted craft, submerged, and proceeded to launch a torpedo attack. Two torpedoes shortly struck the USS Cythera splitting her in half. As she sunk, the dept charges on her stern exploded causing casualties. The U-402 shortly surfaced and rescued two survivors, Sea2/c James Monroe Brown and PHM1/c Charles Harold Carter. They were taken aboard the U-boat for the return trip.
Regarding their care, Capt. John Waters, Jr., USCG, Ret., in his book BLOODY WINTER quotes portions of a letter from Forstner to his wife. The Kapitanleutnant related "We should really have kept them locked up and all that , but a U-boat is not spacious as you know and they were nice chaps and friendly ---and they joined us in our meals , and we brought them home in our own way , and nobody the worst for it. At our arrival , they were met by an escort and taken away in the usual manner thought fit for prisoners of war, much to the consternation of my crew, whom they had invited to come and see them back home in the States after the war."
Sea2/c James M. Brown later provided a written statement about the sinking (dated 4 July 1945). In his words:
"On 1 May 1942, at 0300, the Cythera departed from Norfolk, Virginia. According to the scuttlebutt, we were proceeding to Hawaii to take up duty there.
At approximately 0045, 2 May 1942, the Cythera was struck by a torpedo. Just previous to that time I was standing watch as a trainer on the forward gun mount. I was looking out to starboard and saw two flashes of white on the water. The full moon was off the port quarter at that time. It was a very clear night and the sea was calm. As soon as I saw the flashes, I gave the warnings to the man on the telephone just aft of the gun mount. Immediately after giving the warning, I saw a torpedo wake passing under the bow. I then saw another wake directly approaching the ship. A couple of seconds late the ship was struck about amidships and there was a terrific explosion. I was thrown in the air and landed on my knees on the gun mount. I couldn't see the stern but in my opinion the ship broke in two immediately, just aft of the bridge.
The forward part of the ship started to sink and heel over to port. The gun was useless and I found it impossible to get to the point of damage. I heard a sound which I took to be machine gun fire, and crowded behind the solid railing [about 21/2 feet high] on the deck. At this time I saw the legs of two men going over the side near me. Very shortly thereafter, I heard two muffled explosions. I then went over the side myself. As soon as I broke water, two large waves swept over me.
After the waves passed, I looked around and saw the last part of the ship, the bow-sprit, sink from sight. A minute or so later I saw Carter, PHM1/c, USN, sitting in a life raft about fifty feet away from me. I shouted to him and when he answered, I started to swim towards him and on the way picked up a life ring which was floating in the water. When I reached the raft, Carter was sitting on part of a hatch cover he had laid across the raft. With Carter's aid, I climbed partially into the raft and then we looked around in the water to see if we could see any other survivors. We could see none, and only a very small amount of debris. After a couple of minutes, we heard the submarine surface. We saw it slowly circle around toward us. We attempted to hide in the water but the moon gave away our position and the submarine closed and picked us up. While on the conning tower, Carter and I again looked around for other survivors before we were taken below. The German submarine personnel later told us that they had seen no other survivors or bodies.
We were put ashore at St. Nazaire, France, on or about 21 May 1942."
Ten days after the USS Cythera went down, another warship was sunk off the coast of North Carolina. The HMS Bedfordshire, a British AS trawler, was torpedoed 12 May 1942 by the U-558 (Gunther Krech) with a loss of all hands. She had been based at Morehead City, N.C. Four bodies were later recovered from the sea.
The lack of communication with Cythera and her failure to appear in the Canal Zone forced the Navy to announce the ship lost "due to suspected enemy action." Accordingly, on 2 June 1942, a notice was sent to family members advising that their husbands/sons had been placed in a "missing status." It was policy to hold personnel in this status for one year before declaring them dead.
However, a few weeks later an article appeared in the German newspaper DEUTSCHE ZEITUNG IN DEN NIEDERLAND announcing that two American sailors "Charles and James" had been brought back from Atlantic coastal waters. It was noted that their ship had been a "Coast Guard cruiser formerly luxury yacht owned by Mister Harkness."
The two POW's were shortly writing to their families back in the States, Sea2/c Brown to his parents Mr. & Mrs. J.M. Brown, New York City, and PHM1/c Carter to his wife Willie Irma Carter, Corsicana, Texas. These families soon learned that there were no other survivors from the sinking. Within a short time, families of the other "missing" crew members were contacting the Brown's and Mrs. Carter to obtain information about their loved ones. Not knowing what to say to them, they contacted the Navy Department for guidance. After review, the Chief of Naval Personnel, on 23 January 1943, sent a second letter to the families acknowledging that two enlisted men from the USS Cythera were being held "as prisoners of war at Marlagmilag, Nord, Germany." It noted that no other prisoners were reported from the patrol vessel and "as time passes, the hope of your son being found necessarily becomes more remote." The letter concluded by stating that the crew would be "carried as missing for a period of one year."
In May 1945, the two survivors were released and returned to the United States.
Baron von Forster retained command of the U-402 for the rest of her career. He was awarded the Knights Cross on 9 February 1943 and subsequently promoted to Korvettenkapitan. The U-402 had participated in the wolf pack attack on Convoy SC-118 in February 1943. In that attack, she sunk the American tanker R. E. Hopkins and the transport Henry R. Mallory. On 13 October 1943, the U-402 went to a watery grave north of the Azores after being struck by a MK. 24 homing torpedo dropped by Lt.Cdr. Howard M. Avery, squadron commander VC-9, USS Card (CVE-11). There were no survivors.
Two months after V-J Day, the Navy lost a second patrol yacht, the USS Southern Seas (PY-32). A former Army transport, she was acquired by the Navy and commissioned on 23 December 1942. The USS Southern Seas served as a quarter's ship at Auckland, Noumea, Tarawa, Kwajalein, Saipan, Guam, and later Okinawa. On 9 October 1945, she sunk with a loss of 13 men when Typhoon Louise struck Buckner Bay, Okinawa. The Southern Seas was awarded one battle star for World War
IN IN MEMORIAM
In keeping with the US Navy tradition of retaining the names of lost warships, the yacht Abril, purchased on 14 July 1942, was commissioned as the USS Cythera (PY-31) on 26 October 1942. She spent her war career at New London, Connecticut, conducting training exercises with submarines. She was transferred to the Maritime Commission on 6 November 1946.
Further, the Navy named two destroyer escorts after officers lost on the USS Cythera. They were the USS Brister (DE-327) launched on 24 August 1943 and sponsored by Mrs. Blanch Brister (the mother of Ensign Robert Brister, USNR), USS Rudderow (DE-224) launched on 14 October 1943 and sponsored by Mrs. Thomas W. Rudderow (wife of Lt. Cdr. Rudderow). The USS Rudderow was the class leader of 22 destroyer escorts whose armament was upgraded to 5"/38 cal. dual -purpose guns.
Destroyer Escorts in Action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publication, 1997.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Vols. 1-6, Naval History Division, Navy Department, Washington.
Waters, Capt. John M. Bloody Winter. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press [Bluejacket Books], 1994
Navy Casualty Case Files, USS Cythera Box 20, National Archives at College Park, College Park. MD.
www.harry-tate.org.uk - Harry Tate's Navy/Stoker Sam Nott remembers the HMS Bedfordshire
"Convoy SC-118: Worst Convoy Battle of WW II" by Robert Waters, in Sea Classics, June 2003.
"The Armed Yachts of World War II" by Robert P. Sables, in Sea Classics, December 2000.
"The Coastal Patrol Yachts of World War II" by Robert P. Sables, in Sea Classics, July 2001.
"The Coastal Patrol Yachts of World War II" by Robert P. Sables, in Sea Classics, July 2001.
Change Date: 3 APR 2005 at 22:17:45
Father: Arthur Dalton CARTER b: 27 SEP 1882 in Fort Payne,DeKalb County,Alabama
Mother: Sarah Elmyra OWEN b: 6 AUG 1884 in Alabama
Marriage 1 Willie Irma O'DANIEL b: 23 NOV 1918 in Eureka,Navarro,Texas
Married: 24 SEP 1938 in Yuma,Arizona
Patricia Ann CARTER b: 21 DEC 1939 in Portsmouth,Virginia
Carol Sue CARTER b: 3 JUL 1950 in Corsicana,Navarro,Texas
Name: John DENTON
Birth: Abt 1775 in Granville County,North Carolina
Death: in Cherokee County,Georgia
Change Date: 27 SEP 2002 at 21:30:07
Father: Samuel DENTON b: Abt 1734 in Orange County,New York
Mother: Margaret MOORE
Marriage 1 Hannah MCCORD b: Abt 1781 in York County,South Carolina
Samuel DENTON b: Abt 1809 in Gainesville,Hall County,Georgia
Name: Samuel DENTON
Birth: Abt 1734 in Orange County,New York
Death: Abt 1811 in Pendleton District,South Carolina
Samuel DENTON was born in 1734 in Orange CO, NY. Died in 1811 in Pendleton Dictrict, SC. Samuel was a Revolutionary War Soldier in the NC Continental Line and received bounty land in White CO, TN. Until proper dates are learned, it is uncertain which children belong to which mother.
By 1769 both Abraham III and Samuel had joined a wagon train from the Shenandoah Valley to Lord Granville's land sale in North Carolina. This wagon train was made up of the then current younger generation of the Plumleys, Weavers, Moores, Hoggs, Dentons, etc. These, the growing-up children of the original immigrants to the Virginia frontier were marrying and developing families of their own and hungered for land of their own. They could not afford the local land and family holdings were not large enough to divide among all of the children. When Lord Granville began to advertise his land for sale, it was a new frontier to these young families. Tax lists and early censuses show that Samuel settled in what is now Granville CO while Abraham III settled in Caswell CO. Each chose to settle near where their wives' relatives bought land -- the Moores around Samuel and the Hoggs around Abraham III's family.
Change Date: 27 SEP 2002 at 21:34:20
Father: Abraham DENTON b: Abt 1700 in Hempstead,New York
Mother: Mary O'DELL b: Abt 1702 in Woodstock,Virginia
Marriage 1 Margaret MOORE
Married: Abt 1752
John DENTON b: Abt 1775 in Granville County,North Carolina
Name: Abraham DENTON
Birth: Abt 1700 in Hempstead,New York
Christening: 12 AUG 1774
Death: AUG 1774 in Shenandoah County,Virginia
Burial: 1774 Tom's Brook Plantation,Shenandoah County,Virginia
Capt. Abraham II DENTON was born in 1700 in Hemstead, NY. Baptized on 12 Aug 1774. Died in 1774 in Shenandoah CO, VA. His will was presented August 12, 1774. He died and is buried at Tom's Brook Plantation in Shenandoah CO, VA
Abraham was a Captain in the French and Indian War in the Provincial Army of 1766.
Abraham, according to sources in Orange CO, NY, had some problems with local law and soon after left the county for a new home in the Shenandoah County of Virginia. This was in 1729 or 1730. Thus started the move westward, for his sons each moved in different directions into the frontier.
From The Tennessee Valley Historical Review: "Abraham Denton, Junior, became involved with the law in New York in about 1729-30. He, along with some close relatives, left that state and headed for Virginia, crossing the eastern part of Pennsylvania and the northwestern part of Maryland. In the Valley of Virginia, then Orange County (later Augusta County) and the upper Virginia Valley, (Frederick, later Dunmore, and still later Shenandoah County) we find Abraham and his family. Also about the same time, Jonas Denton and others had reached the Virginia country. Samuel, Robert, James and John Denton begin to appear in the same general locality. The deeds in Frederick County clearly prove that the Dentons were there as early as 1755 and became prominent citizens."
Abraham left a deed dated August 12, 1774 which was signed by Mary Denton Little. Dorothy Clock (Clark) Elizabeth Smith and Mary Pareson (Pearson) made their marks.
He married Mary O'DELL in 1725 in Orange CO, NY. Mary O'DELL was born in 1702 in Woodstock, VA.Abraham's will was written August 12, 1774 and probated September 27, 1774 in Shenandoah CO, VA. Died in 1779 in Shenandoah, VA. Will book A, page 200, Woodstock Shenandoah CO, VA pgs. 228-229. Administration and inventory of estate and apportionment. Heirs: Elizabeth Smith, Hannah Smith and Daridea Clock (Clark). These were probably Mary's sisters who took care of her in her old age as her children had already moved on by the time her husband died.
Change Date: 27 SEP 2002 at 21:41:15
Father: Abraham DENTON b: Abt 1675 in Hempstead,New York
Mother: Martha THORNE b: Abt 1679 in Woodstock,Virginia
Marriage 1 Mary O'DELL b: Abt 1702 in Woodstock,Virginia
Married: Abt 1725 in Hempstead,New York
Samuel DENTON b: Abt 1734 in Orange County
Name: Abraham DENTON
Birth: Abt 1675 in Hempstead,New York
Death: Abt 1729 in Orange County,New York
Abraham DENTON Sr was born in 1668 in Hempstead, LI. Died in 1729 in Orange CO, NY. Buried in Orange CO, NY. Abraham was a private in Captain Cornelius Haring's company from Orange CO, NY during 1715. He had purchased land from Richard Volentine of Hempstead on March 3, 1700.
The Orange CO, NY records show, "Abraham Denton, Senr., of the Precinct of Haverstraw to son Abraham Denton, land. Delivered in the presence of Jonas Denton and John Denton, January 10, 1729-30."
He married Martha THORNE in 1699 in Orange CO, NY. Martha THORNE was born in 1679 in Woodstock, VA. Died in 1730 in Orange CO, NY.
Change Date: 27 SEP 2002 at 21:42:13
Father: Samuel DENTON b: in Halifax County,Yorkshire,England
Mother: Mary Rock SMITH b: 20 JUL 1630 in Dorchester,Suffolk County,Massachusetts
Marriage 1 Martha THORNE b: Abt 1679 in Woodstock,Virginia
Married: Abt 1699 in Orange County,New York
Abraham DENTON b: Abt 1700 in Hempstead,New York
Martha DENTON b: Abt 1704 in New York
Name: Samuel DENTON
Birth: in Halifax County,Yorkshire,England
Christening: 29 MAY 1631 Coley Chapel,Halifax,Yorkshire,England
Death: 20 MAR 1713 in Hempstead,Queens,New York
Samuel DENTON was born in 1631 in Halifax, Yorkshire, England. Christened on 29 May 1631 in Coley Chapel, Halifax, England. Died on 20 Mar 1713 in Hempstead, Long Island, NY. Samuel was listed on the 1673 Dutch Census at Hempstead, NY and owned property in Hempstead from 1662 and lived in the area most of his life. Transactions in 1703 show that he owned slaves. In 1685, he was reported to be owning 240 acres of land. The 1698 Census at Hempstead, NY lists six of his nine children.
"New York Surrogate 8-305: Adm. Samuel Denton, late of Hempstead, intestate March 20, 1713 to his sons Samuel and Jonas." Papers filed with the clerk in Court of Appeals, Albany, NY named a daughter, "Hannah, wife of Thomas Treadwell," also spelled Tredwell.
From the "Tennessee Valley Historical Review:" Hempstead town records show that Samuel Denton and others took up land, 50 acres each, on the same terms as the first proprietors. In 1663, jointly with Thomas Rushmour, Samuel Denton obtained all rights and privileges upon Matthew Garrison's Neck and at Mattinacock, from Jeremy Wood of Hempstead. On April 18, 1665, John Smith of Hempstead sold to "my son-in-law Samuel Denton" certain lands. In 1698 he was called Samuel Denton, Senior. A deed of gifts from Samuel Denton of Hempstead, Yeoman, in consideration of "paternal love and affection I have and do bear toward my well-beloved son James Denton of Hempstead, Yeoman" to land within the township of Hempstead. December 16, 1710.
The date of Samuel's inventory was March 15, 1713 and was taken by Obediah Volintine and James Serion. "March 10, 1713, Hempstead. Mary Denton ye widdow and Relict of Samuel Denton, late of Hempstead in Queens County, doth for divers good causes and consideration hereunto moving, refuses to administer upon the estate of her deceased husband, Samuel Denton." So the administration was granted to Samuel and Jonas Denton, sons of said deceased. The records pertaining to the administration of the estate clearly show receipts from the children calling each by name. Therefore we have a definite list of the children of Samuel and Mary Smith Denton.
From Genelogical Data from Inventories of NY Estates 1666-1825 by Kenneth Scott and James Owne. "Denton, Samuel of Hempstead, Queens CO., yeoman - Renunciation (20 March 1713/4) of Mary Denton of her right to administer the estate of her dec'd husband in favor of his sons, Samuel and Jonas Denton. Her renunciation was witnessed by Jacob Smith and John Sprague. Inventory (15 March 1713/4) taken and appraised by Obadiah Volentine and James Searing, by order of Col. John. Jackson, J.P. The chief item was a negro boy and girl (90 Pounds) and a Negro man listed as 'worth nothing.' Account of Samuel and Jonas Denton, administrators, records the following payments to heirs of the dec'd.: to Mary Denton (Widow of the dec'd.) to Peter Smith (Son of Mary Ellison, dec'd who was a daughter of the intestate), to Joseph Robinson and Jane his wife (who was a daughter of the dec'd., to Jonathan Seaman and Elizabeth his wife (a daughter of the intestate), to Abraham Denton (son of the intestate, to James Denton (son of the intestate), to Thomas Beadwell and Hannah his wife (a daughter of the intestate), to Robert Mitchell and Phoebe his wife (a daughter of the intestate), to Ezekiel Smith and Martha his wife (a daughter of the intestate) and to Jonas Denton (a son of the intestate)."
He married Mary Rock SMITH in 1654 in Hempstead, Long Island, NY. Mary Rock SMITH was born on 20 Jul 1630 in Dorchester, Suffolk, MA. Died on 15 Mar 1713 in after in Hempstead, Queens, NY.
Samuel was listed on the 1673 Dutch census at Hempstead, NY and owned property in Hempstead from 1662 and lived in the area most of his life. In 1685 he was reported to be owning 240 acres of land.
Change Date: 27 SEP 2002 at 21:56:00
Father: Richard DENTON b: 5 APR 1603 in Yorkshire,England
Mother: Helen WINDLBANK b: Abt 1600
Marriage 1 Mary Rock SMITH b: 20 JUL 1630 in Dorchester,Suffolk County,Massachusetts
Married: Abt 1656 in Hempstead,Queens,New York
Abraham DENTON b: Abt 1675 in