History of the Baptists p 161:"Horns Creek Church located about five miles south of the town of Edgefield and constituted about 1768, was probably a branch of Stephens Creek Church, though the history of its early years is lost. Rev. Messrs. Daniel Marshall, Saunders Walker, and Benjamin Harry covered this region with their missionary labors. Horns Creek Church appears as a member of the Georgia Association in 1788 with Hezekiah Walker as minister.In 1790 criticism of Mr. Walker came before the Bethel Association, which was about to proceed against him when a report was made in 1791 that Horns Creek Church had already acted in such a way as to produce "satisfaction respecting the charges "Hezekiah Walker, John Frasier, and Samuel Walker with several others members . . . did by their petition" ask and obtain incorporation by act of January 20, 1790, naming "The Baptist Church on Horns Creek in Edgefield County, in the State of South Carolina." John Bolger, a candidate for the ministry in 1792, soon left them."
History of the Baptists:"Between the years of 1772 and 1783,'there was almost complete suspension of religious work due mainly to the American Revolution. It appeared that Mr. Daniel Marshall, who organized Georgia's first Baptist Church (Kiokee) in 1772, was the only pastor of any denomination who shepherded a flock all the way through the conflict. He was the son of Presbyterian parents in Connecticut and was baptized at the age of 48 during the period in American Religion known as the "Great Awakening". Marshall began his journey to the South and on the way spent a number of years preaching to the Mohawk Indians in the wilderness. His early work brought immediate conflict with English rule as he was arrested for preaching. This incident occurred on one of his visits from South Carolina into Georgia in approximately the year 1770, a few miles north of Augusta near the Savannah River. The arresting officer was Mr. Samuel Cartledge who was only 19 or 20 years old at the time. Records are not clear as to who ordered the arrest, but it appears that Mr. Cartledge, as a constable, was performing his duty in accord with action taken by the state legislature.It seems Mr. Marshall was in prayer and conducting public worship when he felt heavy hands on his shoulders with the exclamation from Mr. Cartledge, "You are my prisoner!" At his trial it is said Mr. Marshall quoted much scripture and was ordered to stop preaching, but following the example of Paul he said: "Whether it be right to obey God rather than man, judge, ye". Mr. Cartledge was much impressed and deeply moved by this man and was later converted and became a member of Kiokee congregation, a Deacon and a Baptist preacher."
History of Calliham's Mill Baptist Church:"Among the constituent members of the Edgefield Baptist Association was Cailliham's Mill Church located in the upper part of the Edgefield District in what is now McCormick County. The church was located on the west side of Stevens Creek and about two miles east of its present site. Evidence of the church site still exists in a now wooded area, which contains the graves of many of its past members.Only three of the graves have markers, which have withstood the elements of time.The Calliham's Mill Baptist Church of Christ was constituted in the year of 1785 under the care of Reverend John Thomas and Reverend Samuel Cartledge. The Reverend John Thomas was the first known preacher of the church. Reverend Charles Blackwell who was the church's itinerant minister in the year 1789 succeeded Reverend Thomas. In this year the church already had a membership of 80. The Reverend Samuel Cartledge was called to preach at Calliham's Mill Church in 1790, and he preached there for around fifty-three years."
History Calliham's Mill Baptist Church:"The Reverend Samuel Cartledge was called to preach at Calliham's Mill Church in 1790 where he preached for about fifty-three years.Reverend Cartledge preached in many Edgefield District churches including Calliham's Mill Baptist Church and "Plumb" Branch Baptist Church both of which he helped organize. He preached at Calliham's Mill from 1790 to 1843. His life ended at the age of 93, lacking two days, after being thrown from his horse and sustaining fatal injuries. He breathed his last breath at the house of a friend, Dr. Crawford, in Columbia County Georgia on July 13, 1843. He was noted in the Edgefield advertiser as ... a pious and devoted minister of the Gospel". Reverend Cartledge was buried in the family burying ground of Mr. James Cartledge in Columbia County Georgia.In 1790, the year that Reverend Cartledge came to this church there was a membership of 80.As early as 1792, this church was in the Georgia Baptist Association with 82 members and its only association delegate was Mr. Edmund Cartledge.In addition to the pastor, Reverend Cartledge, John Price and Allen Robertson represented the church at the meetings of the Georgia Baptist Association in 1803. There was a membership of 97 in that year."