On page 463 in her book "The Cauthen Family History", Maryline Cauthen Westenhaver has included the following about the Cawthons of Franklin Co., Ga.:
JAMES RIVER CAWTHORNES -- CAWTHONS.Along the James River in Virginia there was an entirely different family of Cawthornes from those of Essex Co., VA.Between 1733 and 1738 three Cawthorne men appeared in the records of Goochland County: Thomas sold land in 1733 and therefore would have been born before 1712 to have been of an age to sell land, Christopher patented land in Goochland in 1734 and Robert patented land there in 1738.Christopher Cawthorne appears in 1719 in the published Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover Co., VA. (Hanover adjoins Goochland).
These mem most probably descend from either James or John Cawthorne who appear in earlier records as follows:James "Cathorne" received a grant of 120 acres in 1681 in Warwick Co., VA as shown in Grant Book 7 p 103 in State Archives, Richmond.The grant was for the transportation to Virginia of 3 persons and was bounded by land of Capt. Langhorne & Zachariah Chappell.
John Cawthorne was bondsman for John Waters in Court Session 2 Dec. 1685(Old) Rappahannock Co., VA Order Book, 1683-1686 p 178.King William Co., VA Book XI shows deed in 1702 to John Cawthorn from Thomas Nichols. (See Va. Magazine of History vol. 18 p 111 & vol 24 p 388.)John "Cathern" is listed on the King William County quit rent roll for 1704 in Planters of Colonial Virginia by Wertenbaker p 223.King William County adjoins Hanover County.(See also The Quit Rents of Virginia by Smith 1957.)
Descendants of these James River Cawthornes spread out into nearby counties and other states, and today many of them spell the name CAWTHON, some perhaps Cawthron, as well as Cawthorne.Wm. Dabney Cawthon was in Albemarle Co., VA records in 1753 & 1755 and in 1759 received land grants on the Savannah River downriver from Augusta, GA.His many descendants spread across middle Georgia, southern Alabama, northern Florida and perhaps elsewhere, the name Dabney being carried down through several generations. (See Dabney name also in the 1792 will of John Cawthon in Prince Edward Co., VA, in 1850 census of Rutherford Co., Tenn. and family of Tobien Dabney Cawthon 1832-1884 of Metcalf Co., KY and Dent Co., MO.)
Charles Cawthorn, a Revolutionary soldier, is in Goochland records in 1786 and married Mary Sanders there.For children see Pioneer Families of Missouri, by Bryan and Rose, 1876 and Portrait & Biographical record of Clay, Ray, Carroll, Chariton & Lincoln Cos., MO. published about 1890.See also History of Audrain Co., by Cawthorn and Record of the Cauthorn Family by R.C. Phillips, 1909.
Squire Wm. Cawthon was a Justice of the Peace in Franklin Co., GA. in 1787.Others of the family went there also, and descendants spread through northen Georgia, middle Alabama, middle Mississippi, etc. westward. See Alabama Genealogical Society Magazine, Vol 4, No. 2, April 1970 page 102.
Cawthons or Cauthorns appeared in Orange Co., N.C. before the Revolution. William Cawthon was in Granville Co., N.C. about 1774.His 1810 will is there, and Jesse Cawthon who was in Jackson Co., GA. in the 1830's may have been his son.
Nathan Cawthon (See Douglas Register) married Ava Bradford in 1792 in Granville Co., N.C. and is in Cabarrus Co., N.C. early census records.Descendants appear to have gone to Texas, perhaps by way of Tennessee.
Many spellings related to Cawthorne appear in Tennessee, especially Sumner & Wilson Counties.
See 1790 census of South Carolina for related spellings in the costal region of the state.