Alexander moved to Provo, Utah in 1852 and practiced law there, and was called "Squire Chesley" by his friends. In 1856 President Brigham Young called him on a mission to Australia in the third company of missionaries. He left his wives and 9 children and went with 15 other missionaries to Carson Valley and on to San Francisco California.
(Millennial Star 22 Aug. 1971 - Missionary Sketches by Elder Amos Potter)
"In the spring of 1856 we arrived in Carson Valley, where Judge Drummond was holding court at the time. President Orson Hyde was Probate Judge in that valley, and had held court at the time. He had decided a case of law between Colonel Reese and another in a case of a mill. Alexander Phillip Chesley filed a demurer against Brother Hyde's decision, and the case was tried by Judge Drummond, Colonel Reese lost the mill.
Brother Hyde told Alexander that he had better not go on his mission, if he did he would never see home again, for he had sinned with his eyes wide open to get gain.
Brother Hyde also said to all of us if we went with him we would all share the displeasure of God. When we arrived at San Francisco there was a ship about to sail for Australia. Half of the Elders said they would go on that ship with Chesley and the remainder said they would wait for the another vessel. On 21 Aug. 1856 on "General Wool" 10 Elders sailed, they arrived 104 days later on 27 Nov. 1856 at Hobson Bay, Melbourne. Elder Potter's group of 3 missionaries left on 30 Aug. 1856 and arrived on 21 Oct. 1856, 61 days later. This is fact, Elder Potter is writing his account 20 years later so we must take his story as it is given.
"I have left some of this account out simply to save space on my web site"
Manuscript History Australian Mission #10870 - There are many errors in it but most of the 13 missionaries that went forth from Utah show departed Australia Sept. and May 1857, May and June 1858. The record shows Chesley, Phelps, Johnson and Parish in Victoria. Phelps "never preached once or performed any missionary labor, but got into a scrape of stealing and was put in prison for 20 years".... Elder Potter. "Alexander Philip Chesley went to work and worked for 1 year for a firm and they failed and he lost $900.00 and then he went to another place and worked and took the Lock-jaw and came near dying and then he married a widow that was very rich and she gave him $10,000.00 to buy a piece of property and he took the money and ran away and was never heard from since, his wife wrote to me at Sydney to ask if he had came there and told me in her what he had done with her, and that she had one child by him, now this brings President Hydes prediction on him being delivered in Carson Valley. I received the news as I was correspondent of the whole mission, appointed by President Heber C. Kimball on 1 Dec. 1856".
Elder Johnson returns home Jan. 1859, to America. No record of Phelps returning or A.P. Chesley.
NSW Death Registration Transcription
Alexander Philip Chesley died 8 Sept. 1884 in Orange New South Wales at the age of 64. He was a horse trainer and died of Cancer of the stomach, he was sick for 9 weeks. Doctor Warren was attendant and death was witnesses were F. Green, and William Smith. Informant was S.A. Davies, Matron of Hospital, Orange.