You are right that Clubb and Klop may be a different family, or may be the same.I'd say the warrant you cite is pretty good evidence that it is the same family.Please remember that the ships passenger lists only began in 1727.There could have been a Clubb or Klop (or whatever variation) arriving before that year that will not be listed on any passenger list.The "Klop" who came on the "Lydia" may not be the only one.This is a problem that might not ever be solved.
I do believe that the Clubbs in NC are the same family as the ones in PA--maybe not the same "Peter", but certainly the same family.I say this because there was a large group of German-speaking families who migrated from Pennsylvania to NC in the 1760s.Names include Chronister, Croninger (same as Chronister?), Sides/Seitz/Sights, Kritz/Krotz/Creutz/Crites, and others, along with Klop/Clubb.The same families who were in those Lutheran and Reformed congregations in PA also lived near each other in Lincoln Co., NC.Some later went on to MO.There are so many men named Peter Clubb in these locations, only wills and deeds and things that mention the wives' names or other family relationships are going to be of use in sorting them out.
Lincoln County NC was formed from Tryon County in 1778.Tryon was formed from Mecklenburg in 1768.Mecklenburg was formed from Anson County in 1762.Anson was formed from Bladen in 1749, Bladen was formed from New Hanover in 1734, and New Hanover formed from Craven in 1729 (I'll stop here, but I could go on).Depending upon how early the Clubbs got to NC, there may be deeds in any of these counties (which eventually became Lincoln County).
I looked at a deed index from Mecklenburg County, NC, and found a "Peter Club or Clubb" listed as the Grantor, and "Jacob Sights" listed as the grantee on two deeds for the same amount of land, dated March 24 and March 25, 1764.There is also a Peter Club and wife Margaret listed as Grantors, and a Michael Master or Masten listed as the Grantee, dated October 1768.I don't know if these three deeds are for the same Peter or not.One (or all?) seems to be the "Peter Sr" who has a will in Lincoln County written 26 January 1784, probated January 1787.If Peter is the Grantor in these transactions, then he owned the land prior to 1764.That land in Mecklenburg would have been in Anson County in 1762.Have you (or anyone else reading this) ever looked at a deed index from Anson County, NC, to see if there are Clubbs listed there?I have not yet gotten that far.Do you know when the "Peter Sr" in Lincoln County, NC, actually bought that land that he sold in Mecklenburg in 1764?
Try not to get bogged down with the issue of the spelling of the last name.The same family could be spelled a lot of different ways in the records (it just depends who wrote it down), so all we can do is look at all of the variations and search for concrete family attachments.Otherwise, we can't really know if the Peter in one place is the same Peter that is in the other place.It is possible that a person could own land in one place and be a resident somewhere else.Our immigrant Chronister signed the passenger log and his will as "Cranester".He is in the church records as "Kranester" and several other spelling variations, and his son (irrefutably proven by deeds and a will) signed his name as "Cronester".Later descendants signed as "Chronister".Spelling really doesn't matter when trying to document family relationships.