From COLONIAL KITCHENS, THEIR FURNISHINGS AND THEIR GARDENS, Fances Phipps, Hawthorne Books, Inc. New Yorkm, 1972
"in 1662, fifty six years after the first atttempt at Virginia settlement, the inventory of the estate of Christopher Calthorpe, a York County comissioner and member o the House of Burgesses (and as such entitled to be called Captain [actually, by that time he was called Colonel Calthorpe])was filed. He left to his widow, three daughters, and son supplies of tobacco, corn, beehives, and a well-stocked dairy farm including thirteen milch cows, five heifers, four yearlings, four oxen, six steers, seven calves, three sows, two barrows, and four shoats.
Captain Calthorpe's three-room house was divided, according to probate records, into an outer room, a chamber, and a shed (lean-to. Around the fireplace in the shed, listers noted andirons, a rack, a spitand bellows, an iron pot, a gridiron, a frying pan, a dripping pan, two brass kettles, a skimmer (perhaps for cream separation), a mortar and pestle, a grater, pewter places, and three dozen napkins. The chamber furnishings were given as two feather beds, bolsters, sheets, blankets, valence, and curtains. No bedstead as such was listed, although a "couch bed and a couch" were counted, apparently reference to some sort of daybed."
During both centries, with rare exception such as that of William Googe, estate inventories of those who owned land or warehoues or who practiced skilled trades listed possession of indentured servants or slaves. No inventory examined, however, used the phrases "hired man's bed" or "under-eaves bed" to describe the type of low-post bedstead to which those names are given today. The Calthorpe "couch bed" may have referred to a narrow low-post bedstead, but the usual form for these was "truckle bed" or "trundle bed." While servants undoubtedly spet in loft or garret areas or in lean-tos behind the kitches, no special provision for their comfort was provided. Some, in warmer climtes, may have been bedded down in barns. The Calthorpe inventory, for example, listed nine indentured servants, but even with the seventeenth century lack of regard for privacy, these nine plus the five members of the family seem to us an overwhelming number for whom to have found sleeping space in a three room house."