Generation No. 9
258.William ShercliffeHe married 259. Mildred Thompson Wheeler.
259.Mildred Thompson Wheeler
Child of William Shercliffe and Mildred Wheeler is:
129 i. Anne Shercliffe, born 1655; married Richard Coomes I.
260.Governor Thomas Green, born Abt. 1625 in Bobbing, Kent, England; died Bef. January 20, 1649/50 in St Mary's County, Maryland.He married 261. Winifred Seybourne 1647 in Maryland.
261.Winifred Seybourne, born Abt. 1625; died October 01, 1656.
Notes for Governor Thomas Green:
Maryland Calendar of Wills: Volume 5 From Land Office Annapolis, Md.
Green, Thomas, Governor,St. Mary's Co., 18th Nov., 1650. After reserving a livelihood for himself, assigns to his friends
Henry Adams and James Langworth entire estate, real and personal, for benefit of wife Winifred and children Thomas,
Leonard, Robert and Francis; but desires wife also. to have full possession during her life, except that a certain amount of
tobacco is to be given to friend Thos. Copley. Wife to give to sons also. designated shares in succession. In event of death of
wife and of children without issue, æ of estate to be given to charity and balance to Henry Adams and James Langworth also.
Test: Richd. Willan, Alice Smith. Pat. Rec. 1, 188.
THOMAS GREENE, one of the "twenty gentlemen of very good fashion " who sailed on the Ark and the Dove was thesecond Provincial Governor of Maryland, was one of the most interesting characters of earlyMaryland and one whose history has been quite neglected. He had invested in the adventure to a minor extent, so consequently its success was of more than casual interest. He was always styled by Governor Leonard Calvert " my well beloved friend," but the tradition that he was a kinsman of Leonard Calvert has not been proved and he oft repeated statement that he married Helen, a daughter of George, Lord Baltimore, is merely a myth of genealogy, His brother, Robert Greene, Esq., emigrated to Maryland, but being the son and heir to the parental estates in England he returned to the mother country, but before departing he assigned his land rights to his brother Thomas.
Governor Thomas Greene was a member of the Catholic faith, like most of the gentlemen on the Ark, a Royalist in politics, a supporter of the Stuart dynasty, and for his loyalty to the Crown he was castigated figuratively before his death by the radical elements which were then gaining strength in the Province-principally the Puritans who had been outlawed in Virginia and virtually driven out and to whom Lord Baltimore offered a haven in his Province. His marriage to Mistress Ann Cox, aspinster,* who was among the few gentlewomen on the initial voyage of the Ark and the Dove, was undoubtedly the first
Christian marriage to have been celebrated on Maryland soil. She died within a few years, but was living as late as April, 1638. He married secondly Mistress Winifred Seybourne [Seaborne] who arrived in Maryland some time during 1638. The mother of his children has been the subject of much discussion, but of the two younger sons there is no question of their being the issue of Winifred his last wife. When he applied for land rights on September 15, 1647, among the claims was " 100 acres more being the right of his wife Winifred Seyborn for Transporting herself into the Province 1638. " It is therefore proved that she emigrated and financed her passage in 1638. At the same time he proved rights for 50 acres each for his children " 100 more for transporting 2 children in the year 1644 vizt Thomas and Leonard Green." From the strict construction of the wording, there is no implication that Mistress Seyborne brought them over or was their mother. Mistress Seyborne came in 1638 and the boys came six years later. This point is important. They were less than 18 years of age in 1650 and they came out of England in 1644. There is no record of Thomas Greene returning to England, so the only inference that can be placed on the matter is that two older children were born in England and had at one time been sent to England, presumably for a year of two of schooling.
The diary of Father White, which is an account of what took place on the trip from England to Maryland shows that Thomas Greene m. Mrs. Ann (Gerrard) Cox. It was said to be the first Christian marriage in Maryland.
Before sailing from England, or shortly thereafter, Thomas Greene was granted a large manor of 10,000 acres, for Father Copley writing to Cecilius, Lord Baltimore on April 3, 1638, cautioned him against the excessive taxation imposed on the manor lords " An accordingly Mr. Green one of the Gentlemen that came in the Arke, reflecting that besydes the losse of his halfe share of trucks [harvest] he was now to pay tenne barrels of Corne for his 10,000 acres and that only he had three men to raise that and maintaine himself and his wyfe confidently told me that he must necessarily deserte the Colo nye" As no
further record has been found for this manor, he probably permitted it to escheat to the Lord Proprietary being in those difficult times more of a burden than an asset
After the manor of Richard Thompson on Popely Island in the Bay was forfeited by treason against the Lord Proprietary, Lord Baltimore granted the manor to Thomas Greene, though the letters patent were apparently among those papers burned by Ingle on his raid into Maryland during 1645. The manor consisted of 500 acres on the tip of Kent Isle not far from Fort Kent Manor of Giles Brent and the entire Isle of Popely on which Thompson was seated and which was the scene of the entire massacre of his wife and children by Indians during his absence. If Thomas Greene maintained a steward on his manor, no record has come down, but leases were made for records exist of a Gersom Cromwell being a tenant on the portion on Kent. Greene gave the name of of Bobing to his island manor and held it until February 8, 1650/1, when he sold for 10,000 lbs. tobacco to Thomas Hawkins, of London, Mariner-, " all rights and interests in my whole Manor." He received other land grants, one of which was a warrant for 2,500 acres, but he died before the patent was issued. Consequently, in 1665 it was surveyed and granted to his three sons who gave it the name of " Green's Inheritance.'' His seat, however, was on "Green's Rest" within the environs of St. Mary's City and border ing St. Mary's River. He took a serious interest in all the affairs of the Province and became one of the leading factors in the early political develop ments. He attended the early General Assemblies to whom all free holders were summoned. When the legislature became representative and the Upper House or Privy Council developed, he was one of the first to be appointed by the Lord Proprietary to that body which was virtually a counterpart to the British House of Lords. He was also appointed one of the Justices of the Provincial Court at its inception. He retained his seat in the Council until 1647 when he succeeded to the governorship by the death of Leonard
Calvert, the first Provincial Governor. His term of office lasted until April 26, 1649, when Lord Baltimore commissioned Captain William Stone, of Virginia, and for a short period thereafter acted as governor when Stone was on a business trip to Virginia. On November 18, 1650, he negotiated a document whereby he assigned his entire estate in trust under certain conditions to his friends, Henry Adams and James Langworth, for the benefit of his wife, Winifred, and sons-Thomas, Leonard, Robert, and Francis. He desired his wife to have full possession of the estate during life except for a certain amount of tobacco which vas bequeathed to his friend Thomas Copley. His widow was to grant his sons the designated shares in succession as they came of age, " be Sufficiently maintained and Provided for . . both for Subsistance and Education aswerable to their quality until each of them respectively come to eighteen years of age." in the event of his widow's decease and the death of his sons without issue, then three-fourths of his estate were to be distributed to charity and the residue to Henry Adams and James Langworth.
In the book, "The Maryland Semmes & Related Families" by Ha rry Wright Newman, there is a section on Gov. Thomas Greene 's family starting on page 134.
Regarding Gov. Thomas Green; no, he did not marry Hellen the daughter of George, Lord Baltimore, also called Leonard C alvert who was a "beloved friend" of Thomas Greene.Thomas Green married twice, the first time to Mistress Ann Cox , a spinster.The term spiniter was an honorable title for a lady of that day.The term is related to the spinning wheel and its impact on society and the economy of the day.Until the invention of the spinning wheel it took 6 wom en working to provide the necessary yarn for one man to ope rate a loom. After the invention of the spinning wheel, ONE lady could keep 6 men supplied with enough yarn to work their looms.This was the first time a woman could earn a living by her own labor, so the select ladies that chose the spinning profession were called "Spinsters." This marriage is said to be the first Christian marriage performed in Maryland.Lord Baltimore granted Thomas Greene 10,000 acre s of land which was a "burden" and he gave it back to Lor d Baltimore.Thomas Green then purchased 1,000 acres which H was all on the Island of Poplar, which he called Bobing Manor after his distant ancestor's estate in England.Lord Baltimore appointed Thomas Green to the Privy council of the Colony, and in 1647 Lord Baltimore became ill and appointed Thomas Green to succeed him as Provincial Governor .Thomas was governor of Maryland from June 1647 to Apri l 1649 when he was replaced by Capt. William Stone of Virginia.Thomas Green was a Catholic and the colony was predom inantly Protestant, so Thomas Green was not a popular Gover nor, expecially in 1649 when the Colony learned that King C harles I had been be-headed.William Stone had replaced Th omas Green, but Stone was away from the Colony, and Thoma s Green was again Governor, and on November 15, 1649 he pro claimed that the King's son, also named Charles, the Prince of Wales was undoubtedly the rightful heir to all his fat her's domain and Thomas Greene hereby proclaimed him King Charles II.When Governor Stone returned to the Colony he repudiated the declaration of Thomas Green, but it was too late to stop Charles II from taking the throne and Olivar Cromwell then took control of the government as a "Protectorate," .
Another milestone document was placed into law in Maryland in 1649 when an Act concerning Religion was passed by the Assembly on April 21, 1649 and was signed by Thomas Greene.This is considered the first statute in America granting freedom of religion to the people.This was a very radical idea in that time, as it was legal to hang a Quaker in all Colonies except Maryland because of their religious
Tom Green TB Green3@aol.com
Thomas received more than 2,000 acres of land for transporting several of his family members into the Province of Maryland.His home town was known as "Green's Rest" and was part of his large grant "Green's Inheritance" in Port Tobacco, MD.He was a member of the Assembly in 1638, appointed to the Governor's Council in 1644, member of the Upper House and acting Governor while his cousin, Gov. Leonard Calvert, was in England.He served as Governor of Maryland from June 1647 to August 1648 and again in 1649.
from Melissa Thompson Alexander firstname.lastname@example.org.
November 18, 1650 acting Governor Thomas Greene executed a document whereby he assigned his entire estate in trust under certain conditions to his friends, Henry Adams and James Langworth, for the benefit of his wife, Winefred, and sons- Thomas, Leonard, Robert, and Francis. He desired his wife to have full possession of the Estate during life except for a certain amount of tobacco which was bequeathed to his friend and priest, Thomas Copley.
The residence of Governor Green was patented in 1639 and known as Green's Rest. It was later changed to Saint Ann. The home was a two-story frame building with brick gables.
Notes for Winifred Seybourne:
from Paul Tobler's notes
"who by her title indicated getle birth and likewise one who had arrived to the age of discretion to be recognized as a feme sole in matter of ethics and business," p 215 (of something)
On 30 July 1638 Lord Baltimore personally issued instructions for a warrant of 100 acres for Mistress Winifred Seyborne (Seaborne) for transporting herself in 1638 and at the same time a warrant of 100 acres for Mistress Troughan
More About Winifred Seybourne:
Emigration: Abt. 1638, From England to Maryland
Children of Governor Green and Winifred Seybourne are:
130 i. Leonard Green, Sr, died 1723 in St Mary's County, Maryland; married Ann.
ii. Francis Greene, born 1648 in St Mary's County, Maryland; died 1707; married Elizabeth Wheeler 1688 in Charles County, Maryland; born Abt. 1693; died Bef. July 20, 1758.
Notes for Francis Greene:
In the book, "The Maryland Semmes & Related Families" by Ha rry Wright Newman, there is a section on Gov. Thomas Greene 's family starting on page 134, and this is about all I have had on the family until the last few days when you and the others have been so wonderful to post all the details of the family.
This book gives some additional detail about the children a nd grandchildren of the Governor.FrancisGreen, the so n of Francisand Elizabeth Green and the grandson of the Governor, is shows as born on April 23, 1694 near Port Tobacco.The book goes on to state that he married Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Wheeler in 1711, which would make him 17 years of age at his marriage.Elizabeth Wheeler is shown to have been married in 1693, making her older than her children.The author then goes on to explain how he person ally examined the family papers in identifying the 13 children of the couple.The children are shown as Leonard born Nov. 8, 1712; Elizabeth born Jan. 24, 1713; Francis born Nov . 5, 1716; Anastatia born Sept. 29, 1718; Susanna born Ma y 10, 1722; Anne born Jan. 24, 1724 married Patrick Hamilton; Henry born Feb. 24, 1726; Henrietta born Oct. 13, 1728 ; Benjamin born Jan. 15, 1730 married Elizabeth Thomas; Ignatius born Jan. 19, 1732;Clement born Apr. 11, 1735 married Hannah Thomas; John Green born Oct. 28, 1737 married Elizabeth Beaven.
Francis Green died intestate, and a letter of administrati on was issued to Leonard Greenwho filed an inventory of t he estate on March 28, 1761 with William Clements and Thomas Green approving.
Tom Green TBGreen3@aol.com
iii. Robert Green, born Abt. 1646 in England; died May 12, 1716 in St Mary's County, Maryland.
Notes for Robert Green:
Immigrated to America from England in 1648.
More About Robert Green:
iv. Thomas Green