On the Sheff forum we are trying to find out about Notts and Yorks Cottams and their interaction. There is a village near Retford called Cottam from which many prob originated. I believe that there was a movement of population from North Notts to Sheffield (the nearest industrial city) during the industrial revolution and subsequently. This would explain why there is a cluster of cottams in Sheffield. After all it is a fairly unusual name.
It has been proposed that Cottam is a Lancashire name by some America genealogists. It is not. There are a small number of villages of this name in the north of England, including Lancs but also Notts - the origin of the families probably comes from these. We have early evidence of the type: "John of Cottam".
Cottam is an anglo-saxon name that comes from cottager and ham (settlement or home). If you look around the area there are lots of placenames that end in -ham. In Notts there is also a village with the varient spelling cottham. If you are interested in the name, CECTAL (Centre for English Cultural Tradition and Language) which is part of the University of Sheffield English Language and Linguistics Department has a family name project.
The following are examples only: use these as a guide, but check the records yourself if the person you are looking for is not there - or drop a line on this thread and see if someone will check for you. These are all from the IGI.
Joshua and Mary Cottam are recorded as having the following children:
Thomas (christened 26.02.1808 in East Retford)
John (christened 31.05.1806 in East Retford)
Beaumont (christened 28.08.1813 in East Retford)
Henry (christened 09.08.1815 in East Retford)
Lucy (christened 15.12.1817 in East Retford)
Emma (christened 15.07.1819 in East Retford)
Anne (christened 22.05.1821 in East Retford)
It is possible that Thomas and John were the shopkeepers mentioned in the local directories, but not certain (?).
Marmaduke Cottam (wife Hellen) is recorded as having the following children:
Hellen (christened 18.11.1675 in East Retford)
George (christened 23.01.1680 in East Retford)
Margaret (christened 08.09.1672 in East Retford)
Joshua Cottam has the following children:
John (christened 16.06.1689 in East Retford)
George (christened 18.05.1691 in East Retford)
"Living in Old Retford" by BJ Biggs (1973)
Three cottams are mentioned: John, Joshua and William (pp50-60)
"On 5 January 1818 at a meeting at the Moot Hall, about byelaws and fines, Joshua and William Cottam JB were present."
"September 1818, Alderman Cottam appointed Collector."
"2 March 1821 Borough business about School etc, Alderman Cottam was present."
"Early Polic force. 31 August 1835 there was a meeting at the Moot Hall about Night Watch in town. Present were Ald Jos Cottam, Snr Bailiff, and Ald John Cottam."
Retformed Council 1835 - Councillor Joshua Cottam, 3 years."
Ref: Card index LSL Retford
"Jonathan Cottam, gardener, 1788."
Conveyance 1850 from Rev Hutchinson and his trustee to Thomas Cottam. Cottam was a draper. The price was £2,500. The first building was the second one into the market place from grove street and was already occupied by cottam; the other was the grove street corner property, formerly tenanted and now empty.
Mortgage 1837 by Thomas Cottam to Rev WC Mee for £2,000.
Reconveyance 1893 from Mee to Thomas Cottam - mortgage cleared.
INFO FROM THE TRADE DIRECTORIES:
Kelly's Directory (1900)
p364 Glass in St Swithun's church was gifted - some by Thomas Cottam.
p366 Thomas Cottam is a borough magistrate
p368 Thomas Cottam listed as living 22 Carolgate
p370 Thomas Cottam's trades: linen, woollen and fancy draper, silk mercer, hosier, glover, haberdasher, dress and mantle making, carper warehouseman and complete funeral furnisher (shop in the Market Place)
Morris Directory (1869)
p405 Alfred Cottam, grocer and baker of Grove Street; Thomas Cottam, linen and woollen draper of Market Place
p410 Henry Cottam esq - country magistrate; Thomas Cottam - grammar school and charity trustee
p412 Henry Cottam esq JP of The Cottage West Retford
White's Directory (1894)
p616 T Cottam esg Borough magistrate and governor of the Grammar School
p621 John Cottam left £200 - the interest for the poor of Retford
Kelly's Directory (1912)
p648 Mrs Fanny Cottam, Railway Station Inn, 46 London Road
Lascelles and Hagans Commercial Directory of Notts (184
p448 John Cottam, Market Place - grocer, tea dealer and tallow chandler
p451 John Cottam, Market Place - spirit merchant
White's Directory (1844)
p680 Mrs Mary Cottam - Carolgate
p685 John Cottam, Market Place (Grocer)
p686 Thomas Cottam - Market Place (linen and woollen draper)
p689 John Cottam - Market Place (tallow chandler)
Pigot and Co's Directory (1841)
p55 Mr Joshua Cottam, Carolgate
p56 John Cottam, Market Place - grocer, tallow chandler; Thomas Cottam - linen and woollen draper
p57 John Cottam, Market Place - spirit merchant
Pigot and Co's Directory (1835)
p327 Joshua Cottam, Carolgate (butcher); John Cottam, Market Place - grocer, tallow chandler
p328 Thomas Cottam, Market Place - linen and woollen draper
p154 Joshua Cottam, Carolgate (butcher)
P155 John Cottam, Market Place - Grocer, tallow chandler
p659 Joshua Cottam, Clumber Street (butcher)
p660 John Cottam, Market Place (grocer)
Post Office Directory (1876)
Thomas Cottam - alderman
Thomas Cottam esq - borough magistrate
p866 Thomas Cottam, hosier, glover, linen and woollen draper, 10 Market Place
Wright's Directory (1879)
10 Market Square - Thomas Cottam, draper (h. 22 Carolgate)
p515 T Cottam (magistrate)
p516 T Cottam trustee of grammar school and charities
p517 T Cottam Church Missionary Society Committee Member
Worksop and Retford Brewery Co Directory 1898
p72 T Cottam esq borough magistrate
p75 Thomas Cottam esq JP and governor of grammar school
THIS INFO PROVIDED BY HUGH W ON THE SHEFF FORUM - contact hugh via the sheff forum for more info. Specifically he is trying to trace family for a grave in a Sheffield Cemetery. Rather sad as it is a grave of children. This family came from Notts as well.
There are 55 Cottams in the 1901 census index for Sheffield. Here are the male heads of household, with their birthplaces, to give some idea of the origins of these families.
(some may be not be heads, but in households where the head is not a Cottam)
James COTTAM 37 Steel Teamer Yorks Sheffield
Robert COTTAM 24 Gas House Labourer Lincs Stow Park
John COTTAM 42 Joiner Journey Man Notts Southwell
Michael COTTAM 66 Carting Contractor Lincoln Scotton
John COTTAM 35 Mineral Water Manufacturer Yorks Sheffield
Joseph COTTAM 24 Gas Pipe Fitters Labourer Worksop Yorks [Notts!]
William COTTAM 29 Boiler Maker Lincoln Gainsboro
William COTTAM 23 Saw Maker Yorks Sheffield
George COTTAM 33 Labourer General Yorks Sheffield
Vincent COTTAM 31 Carting Contractor Brightside Yorks
William COTTAM 20 Journeyman Tailor Notts Stoke
Geo COTTAM 22 Gas Labourer Notts Farndon
Chas COTTAM 46 Brewers Drayman Lincolns Gerton
Quite a few born in Sheffield, which suggests some families had been in Sheffield some time.
Does anyone lay claim to these children, buried in Walkley Cemetery?
The transcription is incomplete so the parents may be buried there as well...
COTTAM Charles buried 30 Aug 1896
address: 5 Cross Addy St age 13
COTTAM May buried 13 Feb 1897
address: 5 Cross Addey St age: 2
COTTAM Violet 7 Mar 1900
address: 5 Cross Addey St age: 2m
These are all public graves.
I think from the 1891 census that the parents were Charles and Mary and they lived at 28 Crookes Road. Charles was a brewery drayman. There were 7 other children in 1891, all but the youngest born in Nottinghmashire.
Hugh (Friends of Walkley Cemetery)