You can find your Joseph Darlington as I'm also trying to find my Joseph 1850 in Australia but a very simple way and it requires both traditional research and science.
Why are there so few if any Darlingtons from the city of Darlington? There must have been many. But now there are almost none. Why is Cheshire the hotspot for the name? Is it really Anglo Saxon?
The name suggests that it is either Angeln from southern Denmark (as in Anglo Saxon) and was established as a family / farm / community where the city now exists.
The answer lies in the Norman conquest. In the suppression of the last northern revolt by William the Conquerer in the 11th Century. It's a chilling piece of history.
An estimated 150,000 men women and children in region of Northumbria from York to Durham were wiped out in his ruthless campaign against the north of Englnd. Anyone lucky to survive left or forcesd settled elsewhere. The Conquerer laid waste the lands so that for th next few generations the lands could not be worked. No one returned. those that stayed died of exposure and starvation.
It is likely a Darlington or a small number moved to Cheshire at that time.
Cheshire is singularly the hotspot for the name resurfacing as evidenced bya significant proportion of Darlingtons migrating to or being resettled in the count Palatinate of Chester run by the Earls of Chester.
Or as Y-DNA suggests, the Darlingtons who may have had Anglo Saxon tribal holding (Doernoth - ing -tun) fled the country to Ireland and were then expelled from Ireland and ended up in Chester.
We know a de Derlington was the Confessor to Henry III, and another was the Bishop of Dublin in the 13th Century.
Substantiating the Irish theory is a Y-DNA link to the name Speer who were part of a large immigration of Anglo Saxons expelled fom Ireland and resettled in Cheshire as well.
I am a Darlington and there is a possible link to the Irish question. A number of Speer, Spear, Spier names carry a similar Y-DNA as my own. They were northern Saxon with links to the Orkney Islands. They moved to Ireland as part of a mass exodus. We share a DNA Haplogroup called I2b1 which is quite rare and has its origins in southern Denmark / Northern Germany as early as 4,000 years ago and as late as 600 years ago and defintiely shared a common ancestor 1,000 years ago in Cheshire. The Spears and Darlingtons were co-located in Cheshire as were another family name sharing the same Haplogroup, called Roche. All these names have Angeln Saxony Danish origin. The association of Y-DNA and names are science fact.
While families in search of ancestors are drilling down through modern day records I have been working from a bottoms up using this science. Many families are now doing this and with as many Darlingtons as ther are in the UK, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand it is the only way to find those elusive common ancestors.
What is vital to verify information is for all Darlingtons at this time is to have their Y-DNA done through National Geographic's 'NATIONAL GENOGRAPHIC PROJECT. It is not expensive and it will assist in unlocking a number of ancestors as well as providing a vivid history of the Darlingtons.
We already know a thousand grandfathers ago our small rare hunter gather ancestors moved from the Iberian peninsula (Spain) to Scandinavia, back to southern France then north again to the Denmark region over two ice ages.
We are all living proof of the success of the human race. Everyone of our ancestors survived everything ancient and modern history threw at them.
The more Darlingtons that file their Y-DNA the more we'll know about their history right up to the moment the first poll tax was taken and the name then used by our very big international family.
Its a jigsaw that science can assist in finding the answer.