If my aquired research I owe completely to other researchers is correct, Leendert Arentsen DeGrauw is my 10th Great Grandfather. This small part of the research I have "borrowed" may shed some light on and add some names to that part of our DeGraw/DeGrauw family:
"Copied from a book entitled: “The Barent Jacobsen Cool Family” by Richard H Benson
(New England Historic Genealogical Society)
“The early ancestors were quite casual about spelling……The earliest record for the Cool family spell the name Cool, but subsequent records are spelled Kool, Kohl, Coel, Cohl, and Cole. Rather than trying to sort out a correct spelling for each person, I have usually used the name given at baptism.
The First Generation
Barent Jacobsen Cool, was born about 1610 according to a deposition he gave on 12 January 1645, in which he said he was 34 years old. It is likely that he was the Barent Jacobsen baptized 18 May 1610 in the Nieuwe Kerk, Amsterdam, as the son of Jacob Arentsen and his wife, Aeltje Dircks, of that city.
Barent married Marretje Leenderts Degrauw about 1637, probably near Amsterdam. Marretje was the daughter of Leendert Arentsen DeGrauw and Leuntje Alberts. The baptisms of eight of Barrent and Marretje’s children from 1640 through 1657 were recorded at the New Amsterdam Dutch Reformed Church, the records of which date only from 1639.
The first indication that Barent was in New Amsterdam occurred on 8 June 1633, when he was about 23 years old. On that date he and six others signed a treaty with the Sickename Indians to purchase land bordering on the Connecticut River. Barent and his colleagues traded twenty-seven ells of cloth, six axes, six kettles, eighteen knives and various other articles for the land.
…….By 16 November 1635, Barent was back in Amsterdam. On that date Barent Jacobsen Cool, sailor of Amsterdam, age 25 years, together with Jacob Hanssen, gold wire maker, age 32, made a declaration. They had been asked by officers of the West India Company who had recently returned to Amsterdam on the ship Eendracht to go to Lubbert van Dincklagen, former sheriff of New Netherland, and ask him why he had frozen their salaries. Van Dincklagen explained that he had done so because he wanted to know what they had declared against him in New Netherland. He had been involved in a dispute with Wouter van Twiller, Director-General of the colony.
Barent arrived again in New Amsterdam in early 1638 on the ship Den Dolphyn, according to the 1645 depositon referred to above. His father-in-law, Leendert Arentsen DeGrauw, was on the same ship. Presumably, Marretje and her siblings were aboard as well. It is said the Den Dolphyn was preparing to sail in September 1637, but had to wait until a carpenter, Pieter Conelissen, was recruited for the crew. After their arrival in New Amsterdam, on 19 April 1638, the crew of Den Dolphyn testified before the provincial secretary regarding their stormy voyage and the damage to their cargo. They told that the captain had complained before sailing of the leaky condition of the ship and that he had not provided the passengers with food during part of the voyage. In their deposition, Cool and DeGrauw testifiedthat the children of Jan Schepmoe and his wife, who were on the voyage, received inadequate food. One wonders if Barent and Marretje’s son Jacob was born before, during or shortly after the voyage?
Barent Jacobsz Cool was skipper of the yacht Amsterdam from 1638 to at least 1644. In a deposition dated 19 Feb. 1644, Egbert van Borsum, Barent Jacobsz, Wessel Eveersz and Antoni Fernaudus, masters of the yachts Prins Willem, Amsterdam, St. Martyn and DeVreede, attested and declared at the request of Tymen Jansen, ship carpenter, that during their skippership he had worked on their boats and yachts and repaired what was necessary. However, he said that sometimes he lacked materials, so that he could not properly repair the vessels. Barent identified himself in the document as master of the Amsterdam and stated that he had been its master since 1638. Barent sailed on the Hudson River. Teunis Dircksz van Vechten who lived up the Hudson River at Rensselaerwyck kept accounts of grain delivered to the West Indian Company. He noted a payment of 40 schepels on 10 April 1641 to “skipper Barent Jacobsz.” Barent also served Manhattan. On 6 November 1644 he was paid three beavers, worth 21 pounds, for piloting the ship het Wapen van Rensselaerswyck “outside the Santtpunt.” This ship sailed on to Bermuda.
The colony of New Netherland grew very slowly during these years. The population of New Amsterdam, on the south end of Manhattan Island, was 400 to 500 in 1633 and 1643. Nearby Indian tribes responded to poor treatment with raids starting in 1640. War with the Indians peaked in the spring of 1643. When Roger Williams visited New Amsterdam in March 1643, he noted, “Before we weighed anchor, mine eyes saw the flames at their towns and the flight and hurry of men, women and children and the present removal of all that could for Holland.” By 1645, the population of the village had shrunk to no more than 250 persons. In the next few years, the population grew some, reahing 1,00 in 1656.
On 13 April 1654, Barent was sworn as a wine and beer carrier. The duties of a wine and beer carrier were to be available either in front of the East India Company warehouse or at his dwelling house from six in the morning to six in the afternoon. He was to be ready and at the service of everyone who would desire to lay in or remove any wine or beer. Under an act of the burgomasters of New Amsterdam passed 5 May 1654, Barent was appointed one of the two excisemen whose official duty was to guard the wine and beer trade against fraud. He still held this office in January 1661, when he was referred to in a complaint.
In 1661, he and Joost Goderus were ordered by the burghers to go aboard the many ships in New Amsterdam harbor, search them and levy duty on all goods found on them. On 21 September 1663 Barent and others were appointed public porters. Joost Goderus and Frans Jansen were discharged and “other sober men” were to be appointed in their place. Barent was elected foreman. On 17 July 1665, Barent was called “Elder of the Beer Porters, to whom all shall be bound to show obedience.” On 19 September 1665, Jonas Barelsen and Barent Jacbsen Cool were commanded to inspect a boat and see what damage it suffered when loaned to another person.
Barent was enrolled as a “burgher” of New Amsterdam on the first list made on 14 April 1657 and took an oath of allegiance to the city authorities and of fidelity to the States-General of the United Netherlands, to the Dutch West India Company and to its Director-General. Small burghers were entitled to freedom of trade in the city and included natives of the city, perople resident for a year and six weeks and salaried servants of the Dutch West India Company.
Although the population reached 1,500 by 1664, the city was still small and not well fortified. In 1664, and English fleet appeared and demanded its surrender. Without resources to defend the colony, Peter Stuyvesant surrendered New Netherland to the English on 8 Spetember 1664. In October 1664, after the surrender of New Amsterdam to the English, Barent took an oath of allegiance to the Kind of Great Britain.
Barent and his family lived in a house owned by the West India Company, as listed in a 1665 directory as being on Brugh Straat (Bridge Street). On 15 May 1668, Govenor Richard Nicolls noted that Leendert Aerden was deceased, and since one of his daughters was the wife of Barent Jacobsen, the title to Leendert’s lot was conferred on Barent. The lot was described as being on the east side of the Great Highway, south of the house and lot of Johannes Nevius and north of the house of H. Smeeman, measuring 30 feet by 120 feet. This property was on Broadway immediately south of Wall Street and opposite the present south yard of Trinity Church.
Barent and Maretje were both sponsors at a baptism in New York on 4 November 1668, the last record we have of Marretje. The last record we have of Barent is his being listed as a sponsor in New York on 21 October 1671 at the baptism of his grandson, Johannes Willems Van Freedenberg.”"