CONRAD DENZLER(HEINRICH3, HEINRICH2, THOMAS1) was born Mar 04, 1702/03 in Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland, and died Bef. Mar 1749/50 in colonial GA.He married ANNA WETZSTEIN May 06, 1723 in Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland, daughter of HANS WETZSTEIN and ELIZABETH SCHENKEL.She was born c 1702 in Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland, and died Aft. Mar 1749/50 in colonial GA.
Conrad Denzler was the fourth child of his parents, but the first to survive infancy. He grew up in the parish of Illnau near Zurich. The people in this area of Switzerland spoke German, so Denzler is often mistaken for a German. In 1723 at age 20, he married a local girl, Anna Wetzstein. They had 7 children whose christening records are found at the parish church. Two children died young before 1737.
The Denzlers joined the Swiss migration to colonial Georgia. They traveled with Anna's brother Hans Wetzstein and his family, leaving Illnau down the Limmat River to the Rhine and on to Rotterdam. In England, they would have stopped to be approved by the Trustees of the colony of Georgia. They would have taken an oath similar to one included in Faust: "We Subscribers Natives and late Inhabitants of the Canton of Bern in Switzerland and places adjacent, having transported ourselves and families into the Province of Pennsylvania a Colony subject to the laws[?] of Great Britain in hopes and expectation of finding a Retreat and peaceable settlement therein, Do Solemnly promise and ingage that we will be faithful and bear true Allegiance to his Present Majesty King George the Second and his Successors Kings of Great Britain, and will be faithfull to the Proprietor of this Province, and that we will demean ourselves peaceabley to all his said Majesties Subjects, and strictly observe and conform to the Laws of England and of this Province to the utmost of our Power and best of our understanding." (Faust, plate 14)
The Denzlers arrived in Savannah GA on the ship "Three Sisters" on Dec 21 1737 in what is called "The Second Palatine Transport." The following description comes from George Jones' book Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America, "This, the largest of the German transports, was recruited in the summer of 1737, a time when many Germans were clamoring for passage to the Island of Pennsylvania, or willing to go to Georgia in the West Indies. Since the ship's manifest still exists, the number of passengers is quite reliable, even if some names have been distorted beyond recognition. Unlike the Salzburgers, many of these Palatines do not appear in German documents, and therefore the correct forms of their names cannot be ascertained. The party had been badly treated by the Hopes of Rotterdam, notorious dealers in human cargoes, who had broken all promises and packed them in the Three Sisters like sardines. As a result, when they went ashore in Cowes in southern England, they refused to go back aboard until certain conditions were rectified. The Trustees, to whom they were indentured, sent an agent to Cowes to look into their plight; and after certain reforms were made or promised, they went back aboard, sullen and mutinous. Their captain, Hewitt (first name not recorded), brought them on Dec 21  to Tybee Island at the mouth of the Savannah River, where they had to remain ten more days for want of a pilot.
"Although lumped together as "Palatines," it appears that a good percentage of these passengers were Wurttembergers. The birth dates on the following list are deduced from the ages given by the passengers, who may sometimes have suppressed a few years in the belief that only young people had a good chance to be indentured."
The list of passengers of "Indentured Servants who Arrived in Georgia on the Three Sisters, Capt. Hewitt, on 21 Dec 1737" includes Conrad Denzler, his wife Anna (incorrectly identified as Hanna Dorothea), and children Anna, son Heinrich (Henry), daughter Regula, son Caspar, and son Hans Jacob (John Jacob). Conrad and his family could not pay for their passage to the new world, so they indentured themselves. Their term of service was probably 5 years because on December 24 1742, Densler qualified for a lot of land: "The Dutch [German] servants lately out of their time attending the Board for the better confirmation of those lots that they drew yesterday, and Mr. Avery being sent for to shew us the plan of those lands, which he had run out for their use, wherein it appear'd that there were 30 lots laid down for the like number of families, the following list of 26 of those entitled to the possession thereof was enter'd on the plan." (CR 6) Conrad was granted 41 acres in Vernonburg. Vernonburg was located a few miles south of Savannah and can be found on modern maps.
In May 1745, Michael Burkhalter applied to the colony Trustees for his wife Anna to receive an allowance for her servitude. The Trustees denied the application, stating that the Denzler family had received their allowance. (CR 6) This may imply that Conrad had already died.
Conrad died prior to March 1750 because at that time, "Widow Denzler of Vernonburg" was recommended by Rev. Zouberbuhler "as an object of compassion, being left in a weakly condition with several children." She was granted 10 shillings per month. (CR 6)
Of their 7 children, 2 died young in Switzerland. Of the 5 who arrived in Georgia, three probably died young. There is no further mention of Regula, Casper, or Hans Jacob. Only Anna and Henry matured to adulthood, married, and raised families. The Denzler descendents of SC descend from son Henry and spell the name as Densler while Anna's descendents came through the Burkhalters.
Coulter, E. Merton and Albert Saye. A List of the Early Settlers of GA. p 13.
Jones, George Fenwick. Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America, Volume 10, 1743. p 140-142.
Faust, Albert and G. M. Brumbaugh. Lists of Swiss Emigrants in the Eighteenth Century to the American Colonies. p 60, plate 14.
Colonial Records of the State of GA (CR), Vol 6, p 56, 133, 309, 446.
This was researched and written by Ann Blomquist. 5/2002
Children of CONRAD DENZLER and ANNA WETZSTEIN are:
i.CHILD DENZLER, b. c 1724, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland; d. Bef. 1737, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland.
ii.ANNA DENZLER, b. c Jul 21, 1726, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland; d. Aft. 1800; m. MICHAEL BURKHALTER, Bef. May 18, 1745, colonial GA; b. c Feb 11, 1719/20, Lutzelfluh, Berne, Switzerland; d. Bet. Jan - Feb 1807, Edgefield Dis SC.
iii.HENRY DENZLER, b. c Apr 04, 1728, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland; d. c 1789, SC.
iv.REGULA DENZLER, b. c Dec 10, 1730, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland; d. died young, colonial GA.
v.CHILD DENZLER, b. c 1732, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland; d. Bef. 1737, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland.
vi.CASPAR DENZLER, b. c Jan 31, 1733/34, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland; d. Bet. 1737 - 1739, colonial GA.
vii.HANS JACOB DENZLER, b. c Jul 29, 1736, Illnau Parish, Zurich, Switzerland; d. Bet. 1737 - 1739, colonial GA.