My great grandmother was Mattie Estelle Dismuke (9 Oct 1876-24 Mar 1964.) She was born in Dawson, Georgia,and moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, sometime after 1910. Her husband was John Price Allen Jr. (1869–1923.)
I have a certified copy of Mattie's father's will and a bible page listing the births of her siblings. Her father was John William Dismuke (14 Feb 1842-6 Jan 1910) from Baldwin County, Georgia. JW's first wife was Martha N. Davidson (1845–1876)and together they had 5 children:William Henry (1866–?); Mary Virginia (1868–1898); Nora Helen (1870–?); Drew Monroe (1873–1952)and Mattie. Martha apparently passed away and JW married his second wife, Ada Alice Leary (1858-?) and had another daughter, Eula Lee Dismuke (1881-?)
John William Dismuke's parents were William Henry Dismuke (1815–1863) and Mariah Virginia Greene (1818–1910), William's parents were James Dismuke (1784–1860)and Gilliam Cooper (1785–?).
I have more generations going back from there, but there is a mystery that I am trying to find answers to and I am hoping someone out there can help.
My great great grandfather John William Dismuke is listed on the 1870 and 1880 census as white, but on the 1900 census as black. I realize that there are many Dismukes in the Georgia area with similar names and that many were slaves that had taken the name of the slave owners. However, the 1900 census shows JW, wife Alice A, daughter Eula, and mother Moriah V., making it unlikely that this is a different family. Everyone on the same census page living in the area is listed as black as well.
I am wondering if this was simply a mistake or if there was a reason why it changed, possibly Jim Crow Laws?