American Civil War Regiments
Regiment: 42nd Infantry Regiment Pennsylvania
Date of Organization: 4 Jun 1861
Muster Date: 11 Jun 1864
Regiment State: Pennsylvania
Regiment Type: Infantry
Regiment Number: 42nd
Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 11
Officers Died of Disease or Accident: 2
Enlisted Killed or Mortally Wounded: 151
Enlisted Died of Disease or Accident: 88
Regimental Soldiers and History: List of Soldiers
Forty-second Infantry.-Cols., Charles J. Biddle, Thomas
L. Kane, Hugh W. McNeil, Charles F. Taylor , Lieut.-Cols.,
Thomas L. Kane Edward A. Irvin, Alanson E. Niles , Majs., Roy
Stone, Alanson E Niles, William R. Hartshorn. The 42nd also
known as the 1st rifles and the 13th reserves, was composed of
woodsmen and hunters from different parts of the state, the
nucleus being a company from the "Wildcat," district known as
the "Bucktails." In honor of Col. Kane, who resigned his
office in favor of Lieut.-Col. Biddle, an experienced officer,
the regiment was named by special order of the war department,
"The Kane rifle regiment of the Pa. reserve corps". The
command was known, however, throughout its term of service as
the "Bucktails", on account of the bucktails worn by the men
in their hats. In June, 1861, the regiment was mustered into
the U. S. service at Harrisburg, for a three years, term. On
June 21, it was ordered to Cumberland and took part in the
ensuing campaign, engaging the enemy at New creek. Returning
to Harrisburg on July 27, the regiment was next ordered to
Harper's Ferry and brigaded with the 28th N. Y., the 2nd and
12th Mass. and 2nd U. S. cavalry. It remained with this
command until Oct. 1, when it joined the reserves at
Tennallytown, where it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, and
with Ord's brigade shared in the success at Dranesville. In
March, with the 1st corps, the Bucktails took part in the
marches and countermarches of the reserves; in May a
detachment of four companies under Lieut.-Col. Kane joined
Col. Bayard's cavalry in an expedition to Hanover Court House;
it was next sent to aid Gen. Fremont's force in the Shenandoah
valley, where from May 25, to June 6, the Bucktails led the
pursuit of the enemy and were almost constantly engaged. On
June 6, near Harrisonburg, the Bucktails charged a large force
of Confederates and held their ground nobly in expectation of
reinforcements, but as none appeared the gallant command lost
half its number, including the heroic Martin Kelly, who
sacrificed his life by exposing himself for a target to draw
the fire of the Confederate troops. The detachment took part
in the battle of Cross Keys and was highly praised by its
leader. After the battle of Cedar mountain the four companies
fought at the second Bull Run and joined the regiment on Sept.
7, 1862. In the meantime the remaining six companies shared
in the campaign on the Peninsula, participating in the actions
at Mechanicsville, Gaines, mill and Glendale. The reunited
regiment was active at South mountain, Antietam and
Fredericksburg, losing heavily. When the reserves were
ordered to Washington in Feb., 1863, the Bucktails with the
1st brigade, encamped at Fairfax Court House. They remained
with this brigade through the Gettysburg campaign, fighting as
usual in the advance. Their most brilliant success at the
battle was the capture of a large number of the 15th Ga., with
their colors. The Bucktails joined in the pursuit which
followed, engaging in numerous skirmishes, and went into
winter quarters at Bristoe Station. In the spring campaign of
1864 they performed their usual valiant service in the
constant engagements during May, and after the transfer of the
veterans and recruits to the 190th Pa. infantry returned to
Harrisburg, where they were mustered out June 11, 1864.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 1
Fought on 20 Dec 1861 at Dranesville, VA.
Fought on 6 Jun 1862 at Harrisonburg, VA.
Fought on 8 Jun 1862 at Cross Keys, VA.
Fought on 20 Jun 1862 at New Market Cross Roads, VA.
Fought on 24 Jun 1862 at Gaines' Mill, VA.
Fought on 26 Jun 1862 at Mechanicsville, VA.
Fought on 26 Jun 1862 at Catlett's Station, VA.
Fought on 27 Jun 1862 at Gaines' Mill, VA.
Fought on 28 Jun 1862 at Gaines' Mill, VA.
Fought on 29 Jun 1862 at Richmond, VA.
Fought on 30 Jun 1862 at New Market Cross Roads, VA.
Fought on 30 Jun 1862 at Charles City Cross Roads, VA.
Fought on 1 Jul 1862 at Malvern Hill, VA.
Fought on 30 Jul 1862 at 2nd Bull Run, VA.
Fought on 22 Aug 1862 at Catlett's Station, VA.
Fought on 29 Aug 1862 at 2nd Bull Run, VA.
Fought on 30 Aug 1862 at 2nd Bull Run, VA.
Fought on 1 Sep 1862 at Chantilly, VA.
Fought on 5 Sep 1862 at Chantilly, VA.
Fought on 14 Sep 1862 at South Mountain, VA.
Fought on 14 Sep 1862 at South Mountain, MD.
Fought on 16 Sep 1862 at Antietam, MD.
Fought on 17 Sep 1862 at Antietam, MD.
Fought on 13 Dec 1862 at Fredericksburg, VA.
Fought on 24 Dec 1862.
Fought on 2 Jul 1863 at Gettysburg, PA.
Fought on 3 Jul 1863 at Gettysburg, PA.
Fought on 26 Nov 1863 at Mine Run, VA.
Fought on 15 Mar 1864.
Fought on 5 May 1864 at Wilderness, VA.
Fought on 6 May 1864 at Wilderness, VA.
Fought on 7 May 1864 at Wilderness, VA.
Fought on 8 May 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, VA.
Fought on 9 May 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, VA.
Fought on 10 May 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, VA.
Fought on 11 May 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, VA.
Fought on 12 May 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, VA.
Fought on 13 May 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, VA.
Fought on 19 May 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, VA.
Fought on 23 May 1864 at North Anna River, VA.
Fought on 30 May 1864 at Totopotomoy Creek, VA.
Fought on 30 May 1864 at Bethesda Church, VA.