Duuuuhhh ! After 2½ years, I happen to "bump into myself" again and notice I never did finish my June 1999 posting. So here goes ...
In NS, the spelling is always DURLING (may be a few exceptions, but very rarely).
The DURLING folks in Nova Scotia are mainly concentrated in the counties of (in order of numbers) Annapolis, Kings, Digby, and Yarmouth, with a few scattered around the capital city Halifax-Dartmouth area, some in Lunenburg County, and a very few north of Halifax (around TRURO). If you are looking at the Canada phone listings - www.canada411.com - you will spot them in places like BRIDGETOWN, MIDDLETON, LAWRENCETOWN, and ANNAPOLIS in A. County; KENTVILLE, KINGSTON, BERWICK, AYLESFORD, etc. in KINGS County; DEEP BROOK, BEAR RIVER, CORNWALLIS, SANDY COVE, DIGBY in Dibgy County; and those in/around YARMOUTH. The ones in Lunenburg County are in places like New Germany and Mahone Bay, which are "across from" Kings and Annapolis Counties.
In other words, the DURLING people largely stayed where they settled - and still are there.
These would have been LOYALISTS coming around 1783/4 to Digby or perhaps Shelburne. There may have been a few in NS between 1750 and 1775, since they were of Dutch or German stock (DORLANDT) from Long Island and New Jersey. A lot of these folks were granted land in NS by the English after the French Acadians (later 'Cajuns' in Louisiana) were deported in 1755 when they would not swear allegiance to the King of England.
Try the following info sources:
Annapolis County, NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsannapo/http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsannapo/ - site of the oldest French settlement in North America (founded by Champlain in 1604) and the first English capital at Annapolis Royal 1710-1749. All early French (and much English) history in NS started here.
Port Royal had been taken twice by men from New England: under Major Robert Sedgwick in August of 1654 and under Sir William Phips in May of 1690: in each case it was restored to France by treaty. The taking of Port Royal in 1710 is particularly important, for, with its capture, came England's claims to all of Acadia. The Oct 6, 1710 capture of Port Royal, Nova Scotia by the English under General Francis Nicholson and Sir Charles Hobby can be found in: Litchfield (MA) Vital Records, 1742 power of attorney for lands to son Woodruff (vol. 4, p. 1R). For explanation of events see Book #1: Acadia. Part 2, "The English Takeover: 1690-1712" Chapter 9, "The Taking of Port Royal (1710)." or at website - http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part2/Ch09.htmhttp://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part2/Ch09.htm - 2,000 soldiers from Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut and Rhode Island included the regular English army, while the rest were colonial militia.
"History of Annapolis County, NS" and "Supplement to History of Annapolis County, NS", also "History of Bridgetown" (available from the Bridgetown Historical Society, Bridgetown, NS, CANADAB0S 1C0)
J. Furber Marshall NSHQ, Volume 7, "A Banks Family of Nova Scotia" (Annapolis & Digby County)
"History of County of Annapolis, Nova Scotia" by W.A. Gaines, pub. 1957 - re Andrew Gaines and his three sons
Calnek, W.A. "History of the County of Annapolis", Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing Company, 1980 [ originally published Toronto: William Briggs, 1897 ]. According to Calnek, Adam Hawkesworth, b. ca 1740 in England, was the first of the name in Nova Scotia. He md. July 1763 Elizabeth Wedgewood. They came to Nova Scotia with the Yorkshire settlers in 1774. When he bought land "on Wilmott Mountain" from the estate of Dr. Pemberton in 1791, he was described as "of Annapolis Royal." According to the records inscribed in the Bible which he brought with him from England (Geneva Version), which is now in the library of the Fort Museum at Annapolis Royal, he died on January 8, 1805, and Elizabeth, his widow survived until October 6, 1825.
"Family Genealogies for Yorkshire Families who settled in Annapolis County" are available at the O'Dell House Museum (902-532-2041) for the following surnames: Bath, Clark, Gilliatt, Halliday, Hawkesworth, Hudson, Jacques, Jefferson, Mills, Milner, Oliver, Robinson - through the Historic Restoration Society, 158 St George Street, Annapolis Royal, NS,B0S 1A0 (tel: 902-532-7754).
A short "History of Falkland Ridge" (or perhaps "A Short History of Falkland Ridge") written by Mrs David Starratt in May 1923 when she was 81 years old, states that "Thomas McNayr was the first man to begin clearing land and who really settled here. Shortly after, they were joined by William Fry, who built a log cabin. My mother's sister Rachel (Mrs William Fry) died in their log cabin. Their daughter Delilah Fry was the first child born on the Ridge".
Kings Co, NS - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Acres/2946/http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Acres/2946/ - site of earliest continuous French settlements around Grand Pré and St Charles des Mines (1620's), now called Minas Basin. Earthen dikes at Grand Pré built 1600's by hand are 5½ MILES (8.8 km) long (as long as Mount Everest is high), and still keep out the world's highest tides of the Bay of Fundy (ca 50 FEET high here, and 60 feet as you go north-east). Best farm land in NS, centre of Annapolis Valley farming area, produces apples, tobacco, and wine grapes. Some of earliest English settlements started here after 1755. Home of Acadia University at Wolfville, NS.
NOTE: Kentville NS up until 1823 was called Cornwallis Township. Someone born in Cornwallis Township, or anywhere within 20 miles of present-day Kentville, may still have called it "Cornwallis" after 1823. Cornwallis was one of 3 townships in Kings Co, NS. The Cornwallis Township Records are transcribed by Lorna Woodman Evans of the Family History Committee of the Kings County Historical Society. Horton Township is now known as Wolfville, the home of Acadia University - it used to be called "Mud Creek"
Berwick Register - Commercial St, Berwick, NS, B0P 1E0 (902) 538-3189, FAX (902) 538-8583
Eaton, Arthur Wentworth Hamilton, "The History of Kings County, Nova Scotia"; Belleville, ON: Mika Studio, 1972 [originally published Salem, MA: The Salem Press Company, 1910]
"Family Sketches, Kings County" and "Genealogy and History of the Chute Family in America" by Wm. E. Chute, pub. 1894, Salem, Mass.
Digby County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canwgw/ns/digby/http://www.rootsweb.com/~canwgw/ns/digby/ - has mixture of early French and English settlements. District of Clare is Acadian French and "longest main street in the world" (40 miles/65 km), Université Sainte-Anne holds many archival records of French settlement back to early 1700's. New England Planters (1756 & 1760's) and United Empire Loyalists (1776-1784) brought in English-speaking settlers.
- email@example.com - The Isaac Wilson Library in Digby (902-245-2163) has the index of the Digby Courier for important events with surnames indexed. Look-ups are free. The Digby Courier newspaper is at e-mail - firstname.lastname@example.org - and tel: 902-245-4715 or fax 902-245-6136.
The Admiral Digby Museum - email@example.com - (902-245-6322) contains "family binders" on the various Digby County families as well as individual genealogies on these families. In addition they have cemetery records, books, census, marriages, births and deaths available on microfilm. A very large index in alphabetical order covers 200 binder entries spanning 1877 to 1978. If there was a d/m/ or birth ever mentioned in the Digby Courier it would be in those easy to locate binders.
The Isaac Wilson Library in Digby (902-245-2163) has the index of the Digby Courier for important events with surnames indexed. [NOTE: one local researcher is trying to charge people for each newspaper item, but look-ups are available FREE OF CHARGE]. The Digby Courier newspaper is at e-mail - firstname.lastname@example.org/ - and tel: 902-245-4715 or fax 902-245-6136. The Admiral Digby Musuem also has a "Digby Courier" index; so does the O'Dell House Museum in Annapolis (902-532-2041).
In July 2001 the new "Surname Index to the Digby Courier 1877-1895" compiled by Luella Marshall had 35 Dakin entries. It can be purchased at the Western County Library site with an order form in the upper left-hand corner. Proceeds for the library at - http://www.wcr.library.nshttp://www.wcr.library.ns ca - Cost CAN$10ºº for a mail order or CAN$6.00 if picked up at a library. Over the past 20 years Helma Wood cut out announcements of births, deaths, marriages, etc. from the Courier and the Halifax Herald. She put them in family binders at the Museum, often without a source named, as in that time it was not considered as important. Helma and others are trying to correct this now, as people rediscover the information. In addition she used primary sources such as Digby County Birth records 1864-1877, marriage records 1864-1908 and deaths 1864-1877 as well as census and other things she found. This is a truly wonderful resource that has also been added to by many over the years when they have visited Digby to find their roots. E-mail for the museum is - email@example.com -
J. Furber Marshall NSHQ, Volume 7, "A Banks Family of Nova Scotia" (Annapolis & Digby County)
Shelburne County NS (created 1784 from Queens County, and included modern Yarmouth County) - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Flats/3699/genindex.htmlhttp://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Flats/3699/genindex.html - main landing site for up to 20,000 United Empire Loyalists (including 1,500-3,000 freed black Loyalists) in 1783/4. It was the FOURTH LARGEST SETTLEMENT IN NORTH AMERICA (after NYC, Boston, and Philadelphia) during these early years.
Shelburne County Genealogical Society - 168 Water Street, Shelburne, NSB0T 1W0 - TEL: 902-875-4299FAX: 902-875-3267 - E-Mail: - firstname.lastname@example.org - Website - http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca/shelburnehttp://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca/shelburne - excellent source of information about early settlement in Shelburne County, starting in 1630's with the French, then from 1750's around Barrington area and including the 1783/4 landing of the United Empire Loyalists from the (new) USA. Many family names have direct lineage from MAYFLOWER families. Very complete books of all persons buried in cemeteries throughout the county. Individual membership $15/year, Family rate $20/year, or institution/organization rate $15/year entitles you to 4 newsletters per year. NOTE: American subscribers - please pay above in US$ amounts, to cover postage and shipping.
Yarmouth County NS (settled 1759 while part of Lunenburg County; created as separate county in 1836 from Shelburne County) - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsyarmou/index.htmhttp://www.rootsweb.com/~nsyarmou/index.htm - is an interesting mix of early French Acadian history (from Champlain in 1605 onward) and New England Planters (from late 1750's) and later United Empire Loyalists fleeing the American Revolution (1776 to 1783). Also home base for the greatest number of sailing ships in the world in the mid-1800's. Many large elaborate homes in Queen Anne Revival and Gothic Revival styles from mid-1800's. Home of best museum and archives in NS outside Halifax Capital Region. Nearest location by ferry (seasonal May-Oct) to USA.
Website - http://ycn.library.ns.ca/museum/yarcomus.htmhttp://ycn.library.ns.ca/museum/yarcomus.htm - and E-Mail - email@example.com - Yarmouth County Museum and Archives, 22 Collins Street, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, CANADAB5A 3C8 - Tel: (902) 742-5539 Fax: (902) 749-1120 - they have just completed a major physical expansion and will be ready in 2001 to assist historians and genealogists much more effectively than ever before. Outside of the Provincial Archives of NS in Halifax, this museum has arguably the best collection of archival records in Nova Scotia.
Brown, George Stayley "Yarmouth, Nova Scotia Genealogies: A Sequel to Rev. John Roy Campbell's "History of the County of Yarmouth, 1873", [ Campbell's account was re-published by Brown at Boston: Rand Avery Co., 1888 ] - excellent for early settlers in Southern NS, but needs corrections and updates, based on modern research and computerized info sources - also available for reference at: Argyle Municipality Historical & Genealogical Society, Tusket, NS.
- http://www.tusket.comhttp://www.tusket.com - The Argyle Historical Society at E-Mail - firstname.lastname@example.org - can do a family search for CAN$25ºº. Peter Crowell who was from Kemptville, Yarmouth Co, NS, is in charge of The Argyle Municipal Historical & Genealogical Society located at Tusket, Yarmouth Co, NS. Tel: 902-648-2493, FAX: 902-648-0211.
Lunenburg County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/lunenburg/index.htmlhttp://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/lunenburg/index.html - has lots of info on the GERMAN settlers in NS starting 1750. Sites of early French fortifications date from ca 1630-50. A unique part of NS with Lunenburg (town) designated a United Nations Historic Site, home of wooden sailing ships including NS symbol "Bluenose" and replica of "HMS Bounty" for Hollywood movie in 1962. Lahave River one of nicest in NS. Chester and Mahone Bay among most picturesque communities anywhere in NS. Home of many film shoots in recent years because of wonderful scenic views out to sea.
"History of the County of Lunenburg" - ask about it at South Shore Genealogical Society located at the Fisheries Museum in Lunenburg, NS. Ask about the book "History of the County of Lunenburg".
- http://www.lighthouse.ns.ca/current/inside/market.htmlhttp://www.lighthouse.ns.ca/current/inside/market.html - The Bridgewater Bulletin is the Lunenburg County newspaper
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/ - The following on-line information is available to assist with your genealogical research. This area of the web site is under construction and will be updated on an ongoing basis.
Online Genealogical Resources: These links go directly to searchable information within the BosaNova database that may help with your genealogical research. Don't forget that searching BosaNova directly and visiting other parts of our Web site will yield additional information about archival holdings of genealogical interest. As our resources permit, more searchable sources will be made available in an on-line format and the necessary links will be provided on this page.
Poll tax rolls, 1791-1793 (forms part of the "Commissioner of Public Records" collection: Census and poll tax series; search for names of individuals taxed 1791-1793)
Anglican Parish Database (descriptions of NSARM holdings of Anglican Church of Canada parish records for Nova Scotia)
Marriage bonds (forms part of the Nova Scotia Deputy Registrar-General fonds; search for marriage bonds submitted in application for licenses between 1763-1864, 1870-1871) In progress; 1763-1840 available at present.
Marriage license files - (June 2001: was temporarily unavailable)
GOVT OF NS (VITAL STATISTICS) - http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/ - births, marriages, deaths, etc. or - http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/ - NS Archives collection of maps, directories, land records, photographs, registry of deeds, newspaper, cemetery and church records indexes, etc.
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/vstat/history.stmhttp://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/vstat/history.stm - All records filed after 1908 are held on file in the Vital Statistics office. Civil registrations of birth and deaths in Nova Scotia began (again) on October 1, 1908 and continue to the present day. As well, delayed registrations of births for some individuals born in the province between 1876 and 1908 were filed after 1908.
Marriage records filed at Vital Statistics began from 1906 to 1918, depending on the county where the event occurred (see list below). Marriage records prior to these years have been transferred to the Public Archives of Nova Scotia (PANS).
When the English took over administration of "Acadie" from the French around 1748-1750, they gave it the old name "Nova Scotia" (Latin for "New Scotland") first granted to it in 1621, along with its own flag, by a Royal Charter from King James I. In 1759 they created 5 districts or counties: Annapolis, Cumberland, Halifax, Kings, and Lunenburg.
Annapolis included the current Digby County (created separately in 1837), Cumberland included what is now much of the current Province of New Brunswick, Halifax included a massive area all the way east and north of the city over to the modern Colchester, Pictou, Antigonish and Guysborough Counties, and also included all of Cape Breton (renamed from the French Ile Royale), Kings included Hants County, and Lunenburg later would be sub-divided into the counties of Queens (1762), Shelburne (1784), and Yarmouth (1836).
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/using/http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/using/ - Public Archives of Nova Scotia - Tel: (902) 424-6055 FAX: (902) 424-0628
**NOTE: On Thursday, August 30, 2001, the Public Archives of Nova Scotia officially opened the Community Access Program (CAP) site. Along with Internet access, the site includes a cluster of computers, laser printer and a scanner. Of course, it also connects with the massive array of online resources now available through the Archives. People who want to create a family tree, or to search out their roots for whatever reason, will find the archive site offers free public access to quality Web sites from around the world devoted to genealogy. Among other things, the site offers access to the genealogical software, Family Tree Maker, a range of historical resources and the Internet in general.
To access the archives on the Internet, go to - http://gov.ns.ca/nsarm/caphttp://gov.ns.ca/nsarm/cap -.
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/ - NS Archives collection of maps, directories, land records, photographs, registry of deeds, newspaper, cemetery and church records indexes, etc.
Genealogical Association of Nova Scotia (GANS) - Leland Harvie, newsletter editor - P.O. BOX 41, Halifax, N.S. CANADA B3J 2T3 - 902-443-9107, Halifax - 2,500 members - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ - with LINKS to many interesting sites.
"Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia" by Terrance Punch - ISBN 1-55109-235-2 - Terry is a professionally accredited Canadian genealogist who specializes in immigration from Ireland, Germany and Montbéliard (Huguenot Protestants French-Swiss border area). Terry also investigates the origins of surnames. He hosts a program on CBC (public radio) every 4 weeks (Mondays or Wednesdays) and will answer questions by E-Mail to - email@example.com - or check out the Website at - http://www.halifax.cbc.cahttp://www.halifax.cbc.ca -
- http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/ - NS Regional Libraries (for your enquiries, try the ones marked *, or 1 (first choice), 2, 3, etc. first):
1 Annapolis Valley Regional Library
_ Cape Breton Regional Library
_ Colchester-East Hants Regional Library
_ Cumberland Regional Library
_ Eastern Counties Regional Library
4 Halifax Regional Library
_ Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
3 South Shore Regional Library
2 Western Counties Regional Library
Hope all this will be helpful - sorry it's 2½ years getting corrected !!