EDWARD [FITZ] RANDOLPH
b. Feb. 20, 1754 Perth Amboy, N.J.
d. Mar. 12, 1837 Philadelphia, Pa.
Changed surname from FITZ RANDOLPH in 1779
Apprenticed as printer with Parker,
friend of Benj. Franklin, moved to Phila., Pa.
Portrait in Encyclopedia of Penna. Biography,
vol. 14, near p. 297
Name on list of officers appointed by
Council of Safety,
commissioned Jan. 3, 1777.
First Lt. of Capt. Benjamin Fishbourne's Co.,
4th Pa. Reg.
Ensign under Col. Anthony Wayne.
At Battle of Princeton and Trenton.
Promoted to first lieutenant Jan. 3, 1777
At Brandywine, Germantown, Trenton,
Princeton, and Monmouth.
Wounded at Paoli Sept 20, 1777,
escaped by feigning death.
Resigned May 10, 1779 as Capt.
Moved from Plainfield, N.J. to Philadelphia, Pa.,
Sept. 17, 1789
With Josiah Langdale Coates, in business
as Coates and Randolph.
Incorporator of Philadelphia National Bank.
In 1794, member of City Council.
Lived 212 North 2nd St. with country estate
at 13th and Master Sts.
Left a considerable fortune
Buried Friends Western Burial Ground, Phila., Pa
Edward Fitz Randolph, youngest child of Richard and Elizabeth (Corlies) Fitz Randolph, was born at Perth Amboy, New Jersey, February 20,1754. He was apprenticed to a printer named Parker, a friend of Benjamin Franklin. When the Revolutionary War broke out, he resolved to aid the cause of his country, and applied for a commission. He was appointed ensign in the Fourth Pennsylvania Regiment, and belonged to the brigade commanded by General Anthony Wayne. He was soon promoted to be captain, and participated in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth, and went through the Valley Forge campaign. " He was on picket duty at Paoli when overwhelmed by the British in the night, and the command all killed or made prisoners. He was badly wounded in the head, and was approached by two English soldiers; one observed to the other, ' There is a head that looks as if it had some life in it,' and was about to shoot, when an officer coming up commanded them to desist and save their ammunition, of which they had none too much, for live rebels, instead of wasting it on those who were already dead." In after life he seldom, if ever, spoke of the scenes and incidents of his Revolutionary days. His love of country and enthusiasm had prompted him to join the army, though in principle he was always a Friend. He was not dealt with by the Society for this breach of their discipline, nor for his marriage to Anna Julianna Steel, which took place in Philadelphia, March 16, 1779, he at the time asking their excuse for both delinquencies. A few years after his marriage he began to write his name simply " Randolph," though some of the children retained the " F." He became a shipping merchant, a member of the well-known firm of " Coates & Randolph," engaged in the East India shipping business in Philadelphia. His wife was seventeen when she married (" she was a daughter of Henry Steel or ' Heinrich Stab.!,'" a native of Germany, and of his wife, Anna Margaret, born February 22, 1731, who was the daughter of Rudolph and Anna Ebright, natives of the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, but removed to Berne, where they had a large family, and thence about 1740 to America. They were robbed of all they had on the wharf at Philadelphia as they landed. Thus left poor, they settled at Germantown. They died the same day, aged respectively seventy-four and seventy-three, and were buried in the same grave. Their daughter, Anna Margaret, who married Henry Steel in 1754, and had three children, married, as second husband, Edward Oxley, and lived to be ninety-four years old, surviving all her children. She was buried at Seventeenth and Arch Streets, Philadelphia). Her daughter, Anna Julianna Fitz Randolph, after the birth of several children, joined the Society of Friends, of whom her husband was an esteemed elder for many years, and sat at the head of North Meeting, Philadelphia. She was born May 14, 1761, and died suddenly February 11, 1810, leaving her husband and ten children. Her husband remained a widower twenty-seven years, and died March 12, 1837, aged eighty-three years. He was interred in " Friends Grounds," corner Sixteenth and Race Streets, Philadelphia. They had thirteen children, namely, Henry and Richard, who were twins and only lived about ten days; Margaret, born October 2, 1780, married Jacob Justice; George E., born August 27, 1782, married Hannah Coe; Edward, born August 20, 1784, married Maiy Taylor; Richard, born January 24,1791, married Elizabeth Ely; Josiah C., born March 30,1793, married Gwynellyn Evans; Julianna, born November 25, 1794, who never married; Jacob Randolph, M.D., born November 25, 1796, married Sarah Km Itu Physick (daughter of Philip Syng Physick, M.D., the eminent physician of Philadelphia); Thomas, born May 21, 1799, and died the following August; Mary, born November 20, 1800, married William Maule; Charles F. Randolph, M.D., born January 13,1803, married Margaret M. Cooch; and Rachel, born November 6, 1804, married Oliver Parry, of Philadelphia, May 1. 1827.