A few thoughts on the Fluck/Fluke surname:
Many references to the Fluck surname associated with Johannes of Bucks Co., PA lead towards the Palatinate area of Germany. Additional speculations shine light on German, Swiss and even French origins.Ship records show the arrival of more than a few Fluck/Fluke possibilities in the 18th century:
Flooke, John Virginia 1672
Fluck, Johannes Philadelphia 1744
Fluck, Ludwig Philadelphia 1749
Flug, Jacob Philadelphia 1750
Fluck, Christian Nova Scotia 1751
Fluk, John Adolph Philadelphia 1752
Flug, Jeremiah Philadelphia 1753
Fluck, William New York 1777
Johannes Fluck, ancestor of many researchers who travel these pages, resided in Bucks Co., Pennsylvania and was married to Anna Mary Dui.Many descendents still reside in Bucks Co., while other expanded west and south.Jacob Fluck arrived in Philadelphia in 1750 and, after ten years, patented land in Maryland.This line of Fluck's still flourishes along the eastern coast and points west as all lines naturally traveled.I have yet to find any researchers that can tie their surname into the other lines I have listed above -- although the northern mid-west states all lead to a Canadian entry, perhaps from Christian or a Fluck/Fluke entry from England in the 19th century.I can find no additional information concerning the others listed.
Concerning Jacob Fluck, the article published in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly (Sept. 84), states the following: "A 1910 county history stated 'the Flook family is descended from five brothers who were of French Hugenot [sic] origin'.Jacob Fluck did have five sons, and they were members of the German Reformed Church, closely related to the Huguenots in faith.A parish register in Ras-Rhin, Oberseebach (on the French side of the Rhine River), has been found recording the family of a Johannes Jacobus Pflug and wife Anna Marcharetha, including sons Johannes Jacobus, b. 2 March 1698; Johannes Martinus, b. 5 june 1701; and Johannes Petrus, b. Sept. 1704."
Pflug is the German word for "plow".Keep in mind that references exist for Johannes where the name is spelled "Flug".As Germans took refuge on English ships bound for America, their names were subject to being anglicized. The "P" could easily have been dropped with little change to the pronunciation.In fact, it could easily have been changed to Fluck.I think that there might be a high possibility the surname was "Pflug" in Germany.The article on Jacob Fluck refers to the Pflug family as residing "on the French side of the Rhine River".This is the German Palatinate.It is the south side of the Rhine.Remember, for years the border moved around depending who won the last conflict.The Rhine River runs through Mainz, Germany, the referenced birth place of Anna Mary Dui.
It would seem logical that existing records would show Dui's and Pflug/Flug/Fluck's close together near Mainz or south/southwest of Mainz. A LDS IGI search for Dui/Duy in Germany in the late 1600's and early 1700's lists only a handful and almost all are from the same location: Kriegsfeld, Pfalz, Bayern or Munsterappel, Pfalz, Bayern.This is the German Palatinate area about 20 miles southwest of Mainz. A search of France and Switzerland for Dui's comes up empty.And guess what? Pflug's are found in the same area with records in Bad Duerkheim, Babelroth, and Siebeldingen.Bad Duerkheim is less than twenty miles from Kriegsfeld.In this area there are no Flug's or Fluck's.The Pflug records suggest that the family moved south and west towards the French border. From the mid-1700's through the mid 1800's, extensive records appear in the area of Vinningen, Germany.There are quite a few listings.The fact remains that we can find families of Dui's and Pflug's living in the same general area in the mid to late 1600's.A coincidence?I don't think so.I think an exhaustive search of records in this area would lead to Johannes family and perhaps Jacob's family.
Do I think Jacob of Maryland and Johannes of Pennsylvania were related?Quite possibly.Jerry Flooke who is a descendent of Jacob sent me an additional clue just today.One of Jacob Fluck's neighbor's (adjoining farm in Maryland) was Conrad Jung.A Conrad Jung's name also appears on the ship's list for the 1744 entry of the Phoenix in Philadelphia, the ship carrying the Johannes Flug family.Perhaps there is a connection.
One other point of note. The Pennsylvania Archives, 5th Series, Vol. 1, Page 1contains an articles entitled "Officers and Soldiers in the service of the Province of Pennsylvania: 1744-1764".In a listing of soldiers who saw service in Canada in 1746, there is a John Jacob Fluke, aged 46, from Germany, occupation of tailor.Perhaps this is the English version of Johannes Jacobus Pflug, an immigrant of 1744 aboard the Phoenix.