Title: Pioneer physicians of Western Pennsylvania: the president's address of the Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania Author: Davis, Thomas D. Pennsylvania: s.n.], 1901
Pg. 16 The last great expedition against the French and Indians was in the summer of 1758.The commander, GEN. JOHN FORBES, (pg. 17) was educated as a physician, but abandoned his profession to enter the army.He was born in Petincrief, Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1710, and came to America as a brigadier general in the spring of 1857.He died in Philadelphia March 11, 1759.He was in the advanced stages of consumption, and had to be carried in a litter the whole distance of his long and arduous campaign.His army numbered 7,000, in two grand divisions, under Col George Washington and Col Henry Bouquet.They advanced by Bedford and Ligonier, or the central path, cutting and making their own road.Before the main army even reached Loyalhannah, a detachment under Major James Grant was sent forward.He penetrated, with unaccountable rashness, to the present location of Pittsburgh and to the hill which bears his name, where the court house now stands.Here he met with a terrible slaughter, losing almost three hundred of his troops and being himself taken prisoner; the other soldiers fled in wild disorder. The Indians killed many of the prisoners and burned five of them at the stake within sight of the fort.Before the main army left Loyalhannah the French attacked them with a strong force, but were (pg. 18) gallantly repulsed by COL (DR.) MERCER.On Saturday, Nov. 24, 1758, Washington’s division took possession of Ft. Duquesne.The French, becoming alarmed and out of supplies, had blown up the magazine, burned the houses, and escaped by the river the night before.Washington named the place Pittsburg, and the day following GEN. FORBES dated a letter, Pittsburg, Nov. 25, 1758.So ends Ft. Duquesne, and the cruel reign of France departed forever from the valley of La Belle Riviere.