Of the 78 GABRIEL surnames in NS - www.canada411.com - about 30% are in the area between Amherst, Springhill, and Truro. You should look at these info sources:
Cumberland County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nscumber/http://www.rootsweb.com/~nscumber/ - on the border with Province of New Brunswick, only land link from NS to rest of North America. French settlements and forts from 1650 to early 1700's became English in period 1748-1758. Many records of French and English settlers including Yorkshire farmers who bought and settled on land around Oxford and Amherst in 1770's [and also next door in Dorchester and Sackville, soon to be part of the new province New Brunswick], and United Empire Loyalists fleeing American Revolution and settling places like Parrsboro in 1784-1790. The Tantramar Heritage Trust hosted "Yorkshire 2000", a gathering of the descendants of Yorkshire settlers who emigrated from northern England, going to Nova Scotia during the period 1772-1775. Go to - http://www.tap.nb.ca/tht/york2000.htmlhttp://www.tap.nb.ca/tht/york2000.html - or access it through Cyndi's List for Nova Scotia.
In the former coal mining community of Springhill, Cumb Co, NS, local historian Mary Willa Littler (tel: 902-597-2469) is compiling details about the 1891 mine disaster that claimed 125 lives, some as young as 12 years old. Two other deadly 'bumps' in 1956 and 1958, with a major fire in downtown Springhill in 1957, almost killed the town, but it has courageously fought back. Its biggest claim to fame nowadays is singer Anne Murray, whose museum attracts tens of thousands of tourists every year.
Wallace Museum in Wallace, Nova Scotia, Canada, is now on line. Charlotte Lou Moody at the museum is grand-daughter of John Moody and grand-niece of Thorpe Moody.
GOVT OF NS (VITAL STATISTICS) - http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/ - births, marriages, deaths, etc. or - http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/ - NS Archives collection of maps, directories, land records, photographs, registry of deeds, newspaper, cemetery and church records indexes, etc.
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/vstat/history.stmhttp://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/vstat/history.stm - All records filed after 1908 are held on file in the Vital Statistics office. Civil registrations of birth and deaths in Nova Scotia began (again) on October 1, 1908 and continue to the present day. As well, delayed registrations of births for some individuals born in the province between 1876 and 1908 were filed after 1908.
Marriage records filed at Vital Statistics began from 1906 to 1918, depending on the county where the event occurred (see list below). Marriage records prior to these years have been transferred to the Public Archives of Nova Scotia (PANS).
1908: Annapolis, Inverness, Lunenburg, Shelburne, Yarmouth
1909: Digby, Kings
1910: Antigonish, Queens
1912: Cape Breton
1916: Halifax, Hants
1918: Richmond, Victoria
When the English took over administration of "Acadie" from the French around 1748-1750, they gave it the old name "Nova Scotia" (Latin for "New Scotland") first granted to it in 1621, along with its own flag, by a Royal Charter from King James I. In 1759 they created 5 districts or counties: Annapolis, Cumberland, Halifax, Kings, and Lunenburg.
Cumberland included what is now much of the current Province of New Brunswick, Halifax included a massive area all the way east and north of the city over to the modern Colchester, Pictou, Antigonish and Guysborough Counties, and also included all of Cape Breton (renamed from the French Ile Royale). Cumberland County, with its main town of Amherst (on the NS-NB border since 1784), was first settled by French farmers in the 1650's. In the middle of the French and Indian Wars of the 1750's, it hosted the first major battles which eventually saw Canada go to the English. Cumberland was the "frontier county" between Halifax to the east and the vast forested lands to the west, which became Sunbury County, NS in 1765 (and later Sunbury NB after 1784). The Province of New Brunswick came into being in 1785, when the up to 20,000 Loyalists (Tories) escaping from the new United States of America demanded from the King that he create a new province for them.
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/using/http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/using/ - Public Archives of Nova Scotia - Tel: (902) 424-6055 FAX: (902) 424-0628
**NOTE: On Thursday, August 30, 2001, the Public Archives of Nova Scotia officially opened the Community Access Program (CAP) site. Along with Internet access, the site includes a cluster of computers, laser printer and a scanner. Of course, it also connects with the massive array of online resources now available through the Archives. People who want to create a family tree, or to search out their roots for whatever reason, will find the archive site offers free public access to quality Web sites from around the world devoted to genealogy. Among other things, the site offers access to the genealogical software, Family Tree Maker, a range of historical resources and the Internet in general.
In additional to local researchers, the public archives is used by researchers from across the U.S., other parts of Canada and around the world. Provincial Archivist Brian Speirs says only the National Archives in Ottawa is busier than the Halifax location.
To access the archives on the Internet, go to - http://gov.ns.ca/nsarm/caphttp://gov.ns.ca/nsarm/cap -.
Genealogical Association of Nova Scotia (GANS) - Leland Harvie, newsletter editor - P.O. BOX 41, Halifax, N.S. CANADA B3J 2T3 - 902-443-9107, Halifax - 2,500 members - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ - with LINKS to many interesting sites.
"Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia" by Terrance Punch - ISBN 1-55109-235-2 - Terry is a professionally accredited Canadian genealogist who specializes in immigration from Ireland, Germany and Montbéliard (Huguenot Protestants French-Swiss border area). Terry also investigates the origins of surnames. He hosts a program on CBC (public radio) every 4 weeks (Mondays or Wednesdays) and will answer questions by E-Mail to - firstname.lastname@example.org - or check out the Website at - http://www.halifax.cbc.cahttp://www.halifax.cbc.ca -
- http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/ - NS Regional Libraries (for your enquiries, try the ones marked *, or 1 (first choice), 2, 3, etc. first):
_ Annapolis Valley Regional Library
_ Cape Breton Regional Library
2 Colchester-East Hants Regional Library
1 Cumberland Regional Library
_ Eastern Counties Regional Library
_ Halifax Regional Library
_ Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
_ South Shore Regional Library
3 Western Counties Regional Library
NOVA SCOTIA Genweb Site - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ -
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Nova Scotia's European settlement began in 1604, and many records can be found in local historical societies or museums, as well as in church records. Some of these are more accessible, or in better condition, than others. If planning to look at LOCAL records, be sure to CALL or WRITE IN ADVANCE to arrange day and time of visit. GET A PHONE # or E-MAIL ADDRESS for a person in the local vicinity in case your plans change, or they are not there to let you in.