My last name is Gagliani. My grandfather came from San Fratello, in the Messina district of Catania. He assumed his mother's surname. My late aunt had said there was some connection to Catania. Are Gagliani and Gagliano the same family (the last vowel determining whether a surname comes down paternally or maternally?)
Does Gagliano derive from gallo- meaning "rooster" and leone meaning "lion," meaning one who is proud like a rooster and courageous like a lion, or does it mean "one from the Gaulish path" (the road to France)?
There is a Gagliano del Capo on the Italian peninsula supposedly named after a Roman soldier. Is the Gagliano family Roman in origin?