I got interested in Joshua Gardner and his descendants while researching The Buckeye Rovers for the Oregon-California Trails Association. I am not related to this family. I have pieced together the following information, but there may be errors and omissions. Please correct and please check yourself before using.
Joshua Gardner was the son of Caleb Gardner and his second wife Lydia Thurston. Joshua was born in CT and came to OH with his father via New York about 1803.
Joshua Gardner married Nancy "Ann" Caldwell [Colwell] in 1819 in Meigs Co., OH.
Joshua Gardner was an abolitionist who helped runaway slaves and was probably part of the Underground Railroad in Meigs Co., OH. He lost so much money aiding runaway slaves that he went overland to the gold fields in CA in 1849 with a group called The Buckeye Rovers to recoup his fortunes. He returned an had enough money to buy a comfortable home and live out his life in peace. He died in Rutland, Meigs Co. OH in 1869. His wife died in Rutland in 1876.
Joshua Gardner had (probably) eight children. This is based on the names given as heirs of his son Addison F. Gardner, who died without leaving children.
1. Albert Gallatin Gardner (1820-1891) m. Lucy Bellows (1831-1920). They had six children. Albert and Lucy moved to Missouri and returned to Rutland, Meigs Co., OH. Their children and descendants moved to Missouri, Texas, Oklahoma, California, and Nebraska. Children: Presley W., Otis R., Fredrick Addison, Charles T., Jessie (female) m. James E. Dill, William Harvey.
2. Lewis T. Gardner (abt. 1821-1887) m. Hannah O. Page (abt. 1821-1899). They moved to Kansas and are said to be buried in Ottawa, Franklin Co., KS. One daughter stayed in Ohio and lived in Gallia Co., OH. Lewis and Hannah had seven children. Children: Lewis Rolland, Annetta, Nellie Regina m. Loman Trichler, Matilda, Leonora Alfretta, Brittie Rebecca, William. Brittie R. m. Henry Cassius "Cash" Smith as his first wife; after her death Henry married her sister Lenora A. (Nora), with whom he had one son. Henry married a third time and had another son.
3. Alfred Gardner (b. 1823 d. 1900-1909) m. Ann J. Stansbury (1826-1909). They remained in Meigs Co., OH and had one son, Alpheus Emery (A.E.), a surveyor. A. E. Gardner married Nan Bailey (1861-1948) and had two children-Whitamore A. Gardner and Etna. Etna did not marry. Whitamore m. 1) Ella Wood 2) Elizabeth (Hart) Basford with whom he had one child, Everett S. Gardner, who lived in Senecaville, Guernsey Co., OH.
4. Addison F. Gardner (1828-1855) m. Betsey Jane Bing in 1853. He apparently left no children and the newspaper notice about his estate names his heirs--his wife and siblings. Betsey moved to Delaware Co., Iowa and married second Horace Wellman.
5. Marie E. Gardner (1828-1903) m. Andrew Augustus Fouts (1829-1895). They lived in Meigs, Morgan and perhaps Athens Co., OH. They had one daughter Belle (Arabella) who married James C. Martin in Athens Co., OH in 1880. Belle and her family moved to Lincoln, Lancaster Co., NE, where Marie was living with her in 1900. The Matins had two sons, Homer and Leon James.
6. James Gardner (perhaps 1829-abt. 1857). A James Gardner is mentioned as an heir of Addison F. Gardner and was said in 1855 to be in California. There was a James Gardner from Meigs Co., OH who was a member of the Buckeye Rovers in 1849 along with Joshua Gardner. The Buckeye Rover James Gardner was said to have been killed in Nicaragua after joining a group of insurgents. Americans supported an insurgency in Nicaragua in the mid to late 1850s which failed. A James Gardner b. OH abt. 1829 is found in Butte Co., CA in 1850, in an area known to have been prospected by the Buckeye Rovers (Feather River). He may (or may not) have been the Buckeye Rover James Gardner and a son of Joshua Gardner.
7. Marcus Gardner, name given only in heirs to Addison F. Gardner, also said to be in California in 1855.
8. Census records show an Electa Gardner b. abt. 1831 with Joshua's wife in the 1850 census. She is not named as an heir to Addison F. Gardner in 1855, so I assume perhaps she died young.