Because of the different opinions on the origins of John Garner / Gardner of Northumberland Co., I tried to find those records that applied to him in the early Virginia land patents. I found that there were two people that this John Garner appears to be connected with.
The first is Humphry Lyster / Lister, and the second is Thomas Broughton.
Humphry Lister is probably the same person who sold all his land in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, in 1636 and came to Virginia.
. According to Keighley (1989), the Listers were granted Manningham Hall and its estates by Henry VIII. The Township Plan of 1613 shows a number of fields owned by William Lyster (whose house was near the site of St Paul’s Church) and John Lyster (whose house was on Keighley Road, within what is now Lister Park). Across Manningham Lane from Lister Park and outside any of the Manningham conservation areas is the Grade II Listed Clock House, which dates back to at least 1636 when Humphrey Lister (a member of the ancient Lister family/Listers of Manningham Mills) sold the house to a yeoman, John Crabtree.
"Know all men by these presents that I, Humphrey Lister, the younger son of John Lister, late of the Clockhouse, in Manningham, deceased, have confirmed unto John Crabtree, of Manningham aforesaid, yeoman All those my seats, stalls, and formes, set, situate, and being in the Parish Church of Bradford, and belonging to the messuage or house in Manningham commonly called Clockhouse,( p.144 History of Manningham). which I, the said Humphrey Lister, have for valuable consideration bargained for and sold to him the said John Crabtree, his heirs and assigns To have and to hold, &c. In witness hereof, this 2oth day of December, in the I2th year of the reign of sovereign Lord Charles, 1636. (signed) HUMPHREY LISTER. Witnesses JOSEPH HOLLINGS. TEMPEST BRIGHOUSE. JOHN WILKINSON. EDWARD WALKER. RICH. BRIGHOUSE. "
Humphrey Lister in VA: (D. by 1652)
GEORGE MENEFIE of Buckland in Virginia, Esquire. Will 31 December 1645; proved 25 February 1646-7. "To my brother Roger Booker £50,
he to assist Humphrey Lister in collecting my debts."
"Overseers friends Captain Peter Andrews, Richard Bennett, Esq.
Witnesses Howell Prise, Hunifrey Lister."
(VIRGINIA GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND Page 421)
Power of Atty 16 Feb 1645/6Mary Minifie, widow and executrix of George Menefie, late of Buckland., Esqr, dec'd to my trusty and loving friend, Rowland Burnham to collect accts. due in York. Signed Mary Minifie, Wit. John Bishoppe, Humphrey Lister
(Fleet, VA Col Abs. V.3. p38, York Co.)
Court Order from a Court at Westover 10 Jan 1650/1
Order that Frances, relict of Henry Pott dec'd, deliver within 20 days the whole est. of Richard Hiller to Mr Humphrey Lister, atty for sd Hiller
(Fleet, Ibid. p. 344)
At a Court at Westover 27 Oct 1656:
Note dtd 17 Nov 1652, Lt Col. Edd Major releases Lt Col. Walter Aston from any debts or claims of the Estate of Humphrey Lister dec'd.. SignrdEdw Major, Wit Edw Hill. Rec. 18 Feb 1656/7
Note of Susanna Major, widow of Lt Col. Edd Major, (I) have received from my father, Lt Col Walter Aston, full satisfaction for all debts due and obligations from the estate of Mr. Lister. Dtd 23 Apr. 1655 signed Susanna Major. Rec. 16 Feb 1656/7
(Fleet, VA Col. Abs. V 3. p.174)
1650 Land Patent of Humphry Lyster mentioning John Gardner:
Humph. (Humphry) Lyster, Merchant, 1000 acs within two miles of the falls of the James Riv. on E. side thereof, bounded S. upon a gutt dividing this from land of James Place, dec'd and opposite to the lower end of Princes Folly. 31 Aug 1650, p; 239. Trans. of 20 persons: Thomas Sharpe, And. Steevenson, Ralph Nicholson, Humph. Lyster, JOHN GARDNER,, Francis Brown, Daniell Stepping, Thomas Forville, Winckfield Bill, Ri. Upperence, Lewis Price, Robert. Richards, Daniell Thomas, Jura Clarke, John Mathews, Francis Williamson, Edward Baldwin, Mary Farington, Thomas Arnee, Jane Dawson, Mary Barker, land due for.
("Cavaliers and Pioneers" Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants - 1623 - 1666 - Abstracted by Nell Marion Nugent - edition published in 1963, p. 196)
Note: I found a later reference to this land here:Charles City Co. VA Data --A Wm. HUNT was ... Land was bought from John WHITE - given to WHITE by Humphrey LISTER - granted to. LISTER in 1650.
www.gencircles.com/users/j0825hunt/1/print/2148 - Cached
Thomas Broughton (1616- by 6 Jun 1661):
23 Jun 1635: Thomas Broughton, age 19, is a passenger on the ship "America" from London to VA.
(Coldham, "Complete Book of Emigrants 1607-1660" p.152)
York Co. Records: from Col. VA Abs. Vol. 3, by Beverly Fleet:
p. 17: Orders, Bk 2, p.51, Tho. Broughton arrested at the suit of Nicholas Brooke (did not appear)
p. 25: 20 Jan 1645/6: Ordered that Thos. Broughton pay 20 shillings for 250 lbs. tobo. due Tho. Heath, assignee of Nicholas Brooke. Jr.
p. 44: Inventory of Thos. Boughton deceased 16th Jun 1646 (not clear if this was Sr. or Jr. It included a house and 50 acres.)
p. 58: Court 26 Sep 1646, Matthew Halgatt confessed judgement to Tho. Broughton for use of Alex. Harwood of London for 450 lbs tobo.
p.86: Nicholas Jernew and Thos. Broughton indebted to Chas. Grimes for 2 servants for James Stone, dec'd.
p. 92: Tho. Broughton ordered to pay debt of 6 ells of Holland worth 22 lbs to Chas Grimes.
p. 105: York 24 Jun 1648: Inventory of estate of James Stone, Merchant, lists Tho Broughton as debtor for 5055 lbs tobo.
p. 106: Several accts annexed under the hand of Tho Broughton
"A list of writings in a Red Trunke belonging to to the estate of Mr. James Stone, dec'd, taken the 2nd of July, according to the order of the Governor and Council... Anno 1648" Six books of Accounts are listed, one of Accts between Stone and Thomas Boughton.
p. 115: 22 Sep 1648: Tho. Vause and Lewis Burwell, Administrators of estate of James Stone, dec'd, on behalf of Robert Vause, confess to having received of Tho. Broughton, according to order of Court, an Acct of the Estate of said deceased..
Land patents of Thomas Broughton in York Area: listed in Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. I, by Nugent.
p. 171: 18 Apr 1648, Mr Lewis Burwell and Thomas Vause pat. 2300 acs. York River 7 miles up the Narrows, adj. Mr Thomas Broughton et al.
P. 172: 19 Apr 1648: Thomas Broughton pats. 1050 acs, 5 miles up th Pamunkey River above mouth of Mattapony River, near Mr. Francis Fludd and along Mr John Broach. 850 acs by virtue of a pat. granted to Eliz. Hall (or Hull) assigned unto sd Broughton, which pat. is surrendered, and 200 acs. for the trans. of 4 persons, these last 4 assigned by Mrs. Hall: Wm Burwell, Lewis Burwell, Geo. Burwell, Eliz. Burwell.
End of York area records.
The next patent that mentions Thomas Broughton is the one by Lewis Burwell,
Gent., dtd 17 Oct 1650, for 1,600 acs Northumberland Co. S side Potomeck Riv. and E side of Machotick River, alias Trent, adj Wm Gooch and Mr. Richard Lee. Of the 32 names on it, the last 6 are those of Thomas Broughton and what are probably 5 of his servants: Ann Williams, Edw. Dawson, JOHN GARNER, James Parney and Tobyas Cowley.
Thomas Broughton appears to have sold the same list to John Hallows (Hollows) of AppamatoxCreek, Westmoreland Co. who used 4 of them for a grant of 200 acs, dtd 30 Jan 1650/1,. but it does not list the names (Nugent Ibid. p.207)
Hallows, however, appears to have sold the lists of his headrights, including these, to Abraham Moon, of Northumberland Co., who, in turn, sold them to Thomas Hobkins of Lancaster Co. who used them to pat 1400 acs. on the N side of the Rappahannock Riv. on 6 Sep 1654, the 4 names from Hollis (Hallows) list are Tho. Broughton, Ann Williams, Edward Dawson and JOHN GARNER. (Nugent, Ibid. p.315)
Land pats. by Thos. Broughton in the Northern Neck included:
p. 309: Mr. Thos Broughton, of Yeocomoco, 100 acs. Northumberland Co. 4 Jun 1655, NW on Yeocomoco Riv. SE upon Mattapony Riv..
p. 348. Thomas Broughton, 500 acs in Patomek Freshes a mile above the east creek about the narrows of Picataway, 7 Sep 1657.
p. 363: Thomas Broughton, 1000 acs. above the Doeg's island and Col Speake's land in in Petomeck freshes, 20 Nov. 1657.
p. 364: Thomas Broughton, 288 acs. Northumberland Co. 23 Mar 1657/8.
E. towards land of John Mattrom, Gent
p. 364: Same. 300 acs. in same Co. 1 Dec. 1657 W on land of Anthony Lenton
p 364; Same, 100 acs. NE on land of Jane Perry, widow..
p. 364: Same., 70 acs, same Co, date and page SW on Thomas Hayles.
There was also a pat. of Thomas Wilkinson on p. 201 of Nugent's C& P I. It has no date, but is between one for 30 Aug 1750 and one for George Ludlow Esqr for 1000 acs, same place- s side Potomac and ssw on Matchotick Cr dated 18 Oct 1750.
Wilkinson's pat. is for 500 acs in the same place, and states that one of the headrights is for" Mary "Parker" (assigned) by Mr. Lister.)" Now Listers pat (Nugent, p. 196) was dated 31 Aug 1650 and the last name on it is a Mary "Barker", who I think is the same person on Wilkinson's pat listed as Mary Parker. Lewis Burwell's pat, p. 199, is dated 17 Oct 1650. I think the most reasonable explaination is that Lister imported some servants from England in 1650, used them as headrights for the land in Charles City Co, then sold their indentures to various people, including Wilkinson and Broughton, who used them for their grants in the Northern neck a couple of months later, or, in Broughton's case, sold his list twice - to Burwell and Hallows in different counties, to use for their grants.
The most interesting connection between Thomas Broughton and John Garner is the fact that Thomas Broughton married Mary, the widow of Thomas Keen II, and John Garner married her daughter, Susanna Keen.In her will, dtd 2 Jan 1662/3, Mary Broughton refers to her dau. as "Susanna Gardner".