Eileen Evelyn Greer Garson (September 29, 1904 - April 6, 1996) was an Academy Award winning actress. Known in childhood as "Eggy" and supposedly born in County Down, Ireland, in 1908, she was actually born in London, the only child of George Garson (1865-1906), a clerk from the Orkney Islands who was himself the son of an Irish cabinetmaker, and his Scottish wife, Nancy ("Nina") Sophia Greer.
She was educated at the University of London, where she earned degrees in French and 18th-century literature. She intended to become a teacher, but instead began working with an advertising agency. She appeared in local theatrical productions, and was discovered by Louis B. Mayer while he was in London looking for new talent. Garson was signed to a contract with MGM and appeared in her first American film, Goodbye, Mr. Chips, in 1939. She received her first Oscar nomination for the role.