Calthorp is the surname of a prominent Norfolk/Lincolnshire family, and especially in the town of Norwich in Norfolk.It seems likely that the Galthrop family which appears in the parish registers of Norwich around the mid sixteenth century, stems from Calthorp roots.Certainly it is known that Stephen Galthrop, who set sail from London along with a wider group of pioneers, to found the Jamestown settlement in Virginia, was known by the surnames Calthrope and Halthrope, as well as the Galthrope by which he was baptised in Norwich.The town of Calthorp rests on the northern bank of the river Bure, and is written as Caletorp (‘village on the cold stream’) in the doomsday book.
The first individual known to use the village name as a petrononymic was Adam De Caletorp, who owned considearable land in the area in the early thirteenth century.Adam traced his line from Godric (born circa 1010).
This same Galthrope family would seem related to that which later appeared in Wisbeach, Cambridgshire, and they may well be the ancestors of the later Cambridgeshire Gawthrop’s.Edward Galthrop, baptised in September 1584 at St Peter Mancroft in Norwich, may well be the same EdwardGalthrope, married at Wisbech in Cambridgeshire in 1606.
I don’t know with any certainty that the Calthrop’s/Calthorp’s tie in with the Galthrop’s/Galthorp’s, and later Gawthrop’s in Cambridgeshire, but my feeling is that they probably do.Almost all of the sixteenth and seventeenth century references to the surname in Cambridgeshire are inclined towards the earlier spelling: 1561: Robert Galthrope married at Wisbech, Cambs. 1585: Robert Gwalthrope married at Tydd st Giles, Cambs. 1588: Robert Gallthorpe married at Leverington, Cambs. 1606: Edward Galthrope married at Wisbec, Cambs. 1608: Margery Galthrop baptised to Edward & Mary at Wisbech, Cambs. 1625: Beatrice Goulthropp nmarried at Wisbech, Cambs.
Richard Gawthrop, who married at Cambridge Holy Trinity in 1728, and from whom every occurrence of the surname in the county afterwards seems to stem, had his surname spelt as Galterup in the Holy Trinity marriage register.
With the possibility that the Calthorp’s may be linked, below are some early referances to the surname in Cambridgeshire, Suffolk and Norfolk.The Calthrop surname is also found in Lincolnshire, where Cawthrop is also found as a variant spelling.
EARLY CALTHORPS Walter De Calthorp (born Circa 1200) was elected Bishop of Norwich in 1244 Sir Hamon De Calthorp was Master of St Giles hospital, Norwich in 1249. William De Calthorp became the 17th Archdeacon of Norwich in the mid 13th century. Richard De Claythorp was rector of St Peter’s South Eltham in 1367. A 1367 list of Norwich freemen includes Robert De Calthorpe, listed as a fuller by trade. Edmund De Calthorp presented to the rectory of Benacre, Suffolk in 1379. Isabel Calthrop willed lordship of Blakeny, Norfolk to her 2nd grandson, Richard Calthorp in 1411. Dame Elizabeth Calthorp buried in the church of the white friars at Norwich, 1437. Sir John Bernard of Isleham, Cambridgshire married joan Calthorpe, of St Martins, Norwich in 1450. Sir John Calthorp was buried in St Andrews Church, Norwich in 1501. Jane, wife of Sir Philip Calthorpe, was buried at St Martin in the plain, Norwich in 1530. A tablet at St Martins at the Palace Norwich shows lady Calthorp gave a silver cup to the church in 1550, and it seems that Sir William De Calthorp had his town house in this parish for many years.He undoubtedly dwelt there in 1492, and probably long before. Elizabeth Calthorpe buried St Martins, Norwich, circa 1582 Ambrose Duke married Elizabeth Calthorpe at Stonham Parva, Suffolk in 1599. Catherine Lewkenor married James Calthorpe at Depden, Suffolk, circa 1640