I must admit that I am not familiar with the title of' 'little Jack the plowman', but judgingfrom the names you give for the children, my guess is that your ancestor is John Gawthrop, whose wife was Lydia.
This couple hadseveral children in Histon:
Fred, baptised at Histon May 11, 1856
Charles blfred, Baptised at Histon Dec 6, 1857
Maria, baptised at Histon June 23 1859
George, baptised at Histon June 5 1862 (born 1661)
Richard, baptised at Histon July 5 1863
Sarah, born at Histon 1866
Emma, born at Histon, 1868
Ann (Hannah?), born at Histon 1870
Lydia was described as a widow at the time of the 1871 Census.The 1861 Census suggests John was born in 1832, which would make him the son of Richard and Avis Gawthroup,baptised at Histon September 16, 1832.
Richard Gawthroup married Avis Bull on 30th May 1830 at Histon.At the time of the 1851 census, the couple were living at 1 Cottenham rd, Histon and had seven children (John, born 1833; Ann, born 1835; Charles, born 1837; Sarah, born 1840; Rebecca, born 1842; Eliza, born 1847; Emma, born 1849). Richard was said to be 42 and have been born in Histon.Avis was said to be 43 and to have been born in Waterbeach, Cambridgeshire.Richard was listed as an agriculutural Labourer.
Unfortunately, I can find no baptism for a Richard Gawthroup in Histon about 1809, when thhe census suggests he was born.The likeliest parents for Richard are Henry and Ann Gawthrop. Henry Gawltrop married Ann Fletcher at Histon on 18th October 1799.Of the five children they baptised at Histon, one was baptised when the child was said to be aged 5, and another when then child was aged 2.There are only two other Gawthrop couples baptising children at Histon around the 1809 period. One of these can be ruled out as they had and earlier child, born 1789, called Richard, still alive.The other couple had not had any children baptised since 1805, and the women would have been 43 by 1809.
Henry Gawltrop was a shoemaker, and served a seven year apprenticeship with Thomas Love, shoemaker of Histon, beginning March 1776, for which Thomas Love was paid the sum of £6.Henry was baptised at Histon on Jan 25, 1761, the illegitimate child of Richard and Sarah Gawthrop.Sarah was the widow of Richard's brother, John Gawthrop.Both Richard and John were Blacksmiths, but John died in January 1756, and Sarah seems to have subsequently lived with Richard.She bore him three illegitimate children. William, the eldest of these is my own ancestor.
In 1763, Richard seems to have got in trouble with the law, because at the Epiphany 1763 sitting of the Cambridgeshire quarter sessions, a bond was lodged for his transportation to the American penal colonies for a period of 7 years.He had been tried at the Assize court, which says that he was tried for breaking into the house of Thomas Ives and stealing £5 2/-. Having been found guilty, he was transported, probably on 'The Neptune' whch departed England December 1763.On his release, he married Mary Brady in 1770 in Baltimore, Maryland, America.They had a total of ten children.A later Maryland tax list for Harford county indicates that Richard lived in Deer Creek, where he is said to have owned 2 horses, andd 2 beef cattle valued at £17, and other property valued at £8.He died in 1796 in Harford County, Maryland.
Going back to England, Richard was baptised on August 8th 1736 in Histon, the second son of Richard and Mary Gawthrop. Richard Gawthrop had married Mary Edwards at Cambridge (Holy Trinity) on August 10th 1728. Mary was a widow at the time of this marriage, having married John Edwards in Histon in 1722.Mary's maiden name was Gigner. Richard was a Blacksmith and died in March 1744, being buried in Histon on April 1st.