The Geer DNA project is a surname testing project organized since advancements in science have shown that the Y-chromosome is passed virtually unchanged from father to son for hundreds of years. By comparing DNA results, males with the same Y-chromosome markers (or near same, within 1 or 2 mutations) will likely share a common male ancestor. When combined with traditional genealogical research, results provide an incredibly accurate picture of paternal ancestry. Many times this information will confirm a paper trail of one’s family history, but in some cases the results can disprove long standing beliefs as to one’s biological ancestry. Note, however, that when results disprove a genetic link to others of the same surname, there can be many reasons for the difference - such as varying countries of origin, a flawed paper trail or unrecorded event like adoption, intentional name change or unmarried spouses. No matter how DNA results come out - you're still a member of Geer family.
The GEER DNA Project works to:
1. Provide researchers working on Geer (Gear/Geere/Gere etc) family lineages a place to come together to find and share their common heritage.
2. Identify the DNA lines of ancestor Geer families and compile them and their lost branches into distinct genetic lineages through DNA matches.
What Is DNA? DNA (or DeoxyriboNucleic Acid) is a molecule found in the center (or nucleus) of a cell that contains genetic instructions for building living organisms. This chemical structure, known as a gene, is packaged in 23 pairs known as chromosomes. Each individual has 46 chromosomes, 23 received from each parent. It is in the 23rd chromosome pair that males receive one X- and one Y-chromosome, while females receive two X-chromosomes, thus allowing researchers a new avenue to trace paternal ancestry on the unchanging Y-chromosome by measuring the number of sequences (repeats) of DNA pieces collected in a simple cheek swab by participants.