In response to your post on the Mason forum, Walter Mason provided evidence from Culpeper Co. records that Mary Broderick Mason married John Giddings about 1784 and that her son Francis Mason was living with Samuel and Sarah just after their marriage. It certainly appears that Samuel was a son of the elder John Giddings. All of them moved to Spartanburg, starting with Broderick Mason before 1790.
I have tried to identify all of the children of Samuel Giddings and Sarah Mason based on census records and on various postings on the web, but most of this is just guess work. John Gideon Jr. is on the Spartanburg census 1820--and what appears to be the same John (only one daughter born 1810-1820) was in Campbell Co. GA 1840 and 1850, living among other families from Spartanburg. Born about 1785 according to the 1850 census, he may well be a son of John and Mary, but since I have only a census age for him, I've put him under Samuel and Sarah.Enoch and Abner Gideon are in Spartanburg 1830 and 1840 and in Cass Co. GA 1850. I have some doubts about William, but he shows up in the same counties in MS where Enoch lived 1870 and 1880.
The girls are more difficult--and I can only rely on the reports of other researchers. You say Sarah, wife of John Whitlock was a Giddings--and the 1810 census (below) for Samuel and Sarah does indicate they had a daughter born 1800-1810. Is there some evidence that Sarah Whitlock was Sarah Giddings? If there is, then I think logic would say she's a daughter of Samuel and Sarah. Other files have included Lydia and Tabitha Giddings or Gideon from Spartanburg. Lydia, born 1789, may be Samuel and Sarah's, but Tabitha, born 1785, before Samuel and Sarah married, is probably the daughter of John Giddings and Mary Broderick Mason. Mary Broderick was 39 when she married John Gideon, so it's conceivable they had one or perhaps two children, but no more, I would think. Tabitha's birthdate certainly suggests she was their child, and as I said earlier, John Jr. probably is--just difficult to tell without a more definite birthdate.
1810: Spartanburg Samuel Giddings1 1 1 1 01 1 0 1 one male under 10[Enoch born 1807] one male 10-15[Abner born abt. 1800] one male 16-25[This may be William--John would have been 25, in the upper range of this category, but he may be the son of John Giddings Sr. and Mary Broderick.] one male 26-44[Samuel born ??] one female under ten[Sarah born ca. 1802] one female 10-15[Who? Lydia would have been abt. 21 if her birthdate is right, and since she didn't marry until 1811, she should fit here] one female 26-45[Sarah Mason born abt. 1770]
One point about Masons: the William Mason in Marshall Co. AL with whom young John Whitlock was living was not one of the Spartanburg Masons. I have traced all of Broderick's seven sons and only one, Wiley, ever lived in Alabama--and he was dead by 1850. Broderick's son William lived most of his adult life in DeKalb Co. GA where he died in 1858. A John Mason, age 65,born SC was living with William in Marshall--appears to be his father--but Broderick's son John also lived in DeKalb Co. GA until his death.
I would appreciate hearing from ANY Giddings or Gideon researchers who might shed light on any of these people from Spartanburg--as I said, much of it is guess work, but of course the only two Giddings males in Spartanburg old enough to have had these children born 1785-1807 were John Sr. and Samuel--but who belonged to whom? And am I missing any?