Copy of Draper Mss 37J168(-174)
as published by Howard L. Leckey in "The Tenmile Country and It's Pioneer Families", Volume V:
Michael Schwing Note: the words in parentheses were originally from Dr. Draper's marginal notes,(some notes may be by Leckey) the rest of the words were his transcription of his interview with William Harrod Jr. in November 1845.
"The father of the Harrods (Thomas or Samuel, probably)
came from England when a young man--married Sarah Moore on the Shenandoah; oldest son, Samuel, born there, and then removed to the Big Cove in then Cumberland County, Penna., and there William was born on the 9th day of December 1737--then Nellie (married to Valentine House)--then James born in 1742--then Rachel (married to George Newland) then Mary (married to Adam Newland)--Levi, Sallie (never married)--then Elizabeth (married to Benjamin Davis, cousin of Anthony Wayne)--and Jemima (never married.)
"William Harrod served as a sergeant on Fobers (Forbes') campaign in 1758, greatly pressed for provisions and had to kill some of the pack horses, and Harrod went out one day and killed three deer, Forbes having given permission--this was on the return to Fort
"Before the close of the French War, Captain Harrod was stationed at Juniata and Captain James Piper commanded at a neighboring fort. A party of Indians came and killed some men near Juniata Fort. Others with them fled and reported about 50 Indians. Harrod raised at his own and Piper's Fort, 35 men; took the trail and overtook them in the evening, camped at the head of a hollow. Harrod's men surrounded the Indian camp, and as the day was dawning and the Indians just getting up, fired on them and killed several; the others fled without firing a gun, leaving several guns and other plunder in camp. Harrod's party returned victorious, and no depredations were committed in that region for some time.
"On the first of October 1765, Captain Harrod married Amelia Stephens, moved from the Big Cove to the Little Cove, and in 1772, removed to the Monongahela country, and settled on the south fork of Tenmile Creek.
"It was Samuel Harrod who in 1767 was with Michael Stoner hunting in Illinois *** Samuel was a great hunter, remained in the French country, killed buffalo meat and took it to New Orleans to supply the garrison, and thus remained until the spring of 1780, when he was killed at the mouth of the Tennessee by an Indian hired to do so from some pique by a French trader at Kaskaskia, whom William Harrod had apprehended and put in irons, took his store of goods and divided them among his soldiers.
"War of 1774. In the summer of 1774 Captain Harrod commanded at Ross's fort on Rough Fork of Tenmile. (Ruff's Creek) Captain Harrod aided in getting supplies for Dunmore's Army and went out with a company in the Fall of 1774. Dunmore's Treaty was made on Kinnekenic Creek, a branch of the Sciota.
"Early in 1776 and perhaps late 1775 Captain William Harrod visited Kentucky.
"Late in 1776 he was placed in command at Grave Creek and there remained the most of 1777. He was of Foreman's party, took to the hillside with Samuel Thomas and others. Foreman's men were fired on. Harrod and others hollowed and ran down the hill firing on the Indians. The latter fled and several swam the Ohio. One Thomas shot swimming and both the Indian and his gun sank.
"Thinks he commanded at Wheeling in 1776 and 1777.
"Aided in taking Kaskaskia--went down the Monongahela with his company in a keel boat. John Swan (Jr.) was his lieutenant.
"At the taking of Vincennes, Harrod was ordered by Clark to march and remarch around the Sugar Loaf Hill in sight of the British garrison. (Here Draper says that Harrod was not there.)
"Bowman's Campaign. William Harrod commanded a company. John Moredock was killed either here or at Pickaway in 1780, and his brother Edward killed two Indians.
"Clark's Campaign 1780--William Harrod was out--James Harrod commanded the right wing, and Col. William Harrod the left--and at the battle, Col. William killed two Indians. His cousin, Samuel Moore was killed in this battle. He had dreamed before leaving Harrodsburg tht he would either be killed or wounded, but rather than remain and be considered a coward, he went along, taking bandages with him.
"Captain Harrod commanded at the Falls of the Ohio--had a town laid off there.
"During the hard winter of 1780 (3 feet of snow on the Monongahela country and the river froze over in November and continued till the last of March--snow 4 1/2 feet deep on the mountains between Redstone and Cumberland) G. R. Clark spent a part of his time at Jacob VanMeter's Fort on Swan's Run. (note-This was Henry VanMeter's Fort.)
"Swan's Fort and at Captain Harrods--Adam Rowe's family, wife, and several children killed, two sons not killed; hid some pot metal, plowing irons; going down the Ohio with Captain Harrod, and Rowe would go and get his hidden articles against Harrod's advice, who saw fresh Indian signs; Rowe and Isaac Perry, a young man, went to Rowe's cabin, under the floor of which the articles were hidden, and as they recovered it, they discovered several Indians sitting down in front of the cabin eating. Several fired and shot Perry, who ran a few steps and fell. Rowe escaped and joined Harrod, abandoned their canoe where it was tied and had to go around back water, and thus were so long in getting to Wheeling.
"Harrod , Rowe, and Perry had left a large keel boat, in a large keel boat to Rowe's plunder, and then rejoin the keelboat. Accompanying the keel boat were other boats--a day or so after Perry was killed, this keel boat was fired upon and Mrs. Richard Swan was wounded in the shoulder.
"William Swan was Colonel of the militia of Washington County, Pennsylvania. (This should be Charles Swan). This was before Greene county was laid off. In some way William Harrod gave his vote against slavery.
"In April 1793, William Harrod lost his wife, about that time he commanded a block house high up on Wheeling Creek, some 22 miles. Commanded at Fish Creek a while.
"While Harrod was at the Block House up Wheeling Creek in the Spring of 1793, perhaps in May, Captain William Enochs, with a party of men, pursued Indians that had killed two of widow Crow's daughters. About seven miles up Captina, they fell in with the enemy and a battle ensued. Captain Enoch killed an Indian, Abraham McCoun killed another. The whites were defeated with the loss of Abraham and Isaac McCoun, Abraham Enochs and John....ines, and perhaps more. Duncan MacArthur was in this defeat. When the party returned subsequently, the body of Abraham Enochs (the first who was killed in the fight, he being in advance) was found, cut up and mangled. The body of one of the McCouns was not found. Harrod had advised Captain Enochs not to follow much over the river.
"Jackson's Fort on south fork of Tenmile was principal station in that region. Ross's and John Antrim's (Ankrom's) on the south fork. Jacob VanMeter's on Muddy Creek, Legg's (Clegg's) on Dunkard Creek, William Minors on Big Whitley Creek, Guthrie's on Big Whitley, John Swan's on Swan's Run, Henry Vanmeter's also on Swan's Run, Henry Enoch's at the forks of the Tenmile, (he was the father of Captain Enochs) Bell's Fort on Rough Creek and others.
"The Harrods forted at Ross's Fort in 1774, subsequently they forted at Swan's Fort, while Captain William Harrod was in Kentucky in 1780 or before.
"In the Spring of 1782 Simon Rinehart, William Brown, and one English (William) some two miles down from Jackson's Fort, while moving some merchandise on sleds were fired upon and all three killed. Vincent Brown and Michael Archer escaped to the fort, chased there.
"In July 1787 Colonel William Harrod and several others went out hunting on Fish Creek. Michael Archer, while on the way to join the hunting party, nearly a dozen miles above Jacksons Fort on Tenmile, was killed by the Indians. His body was found with his fists clenched, and full of hair, evidently he fought till the last. His dog was found lying, three days after, beside his master and very active.
"About 1782 or 1783 Caleb Linsecum and Michael Archer, when on Laurel Run, a mile from Jackson's Fort, were surprised by the Indians. Archer beckoned Linsecum to mount their only horse, but Linsecum was so overcome with fear that he was easily killed, Archer escaping.
"About 1783 Indians fell upon the families of Robert McClennan (McClelland) and James Archer, whose families lived in the same cabin, about three fourths of a mile from Fort Jackson. They came on a foggy morning. Eight or nine of the two families were killed, a few escaped. Jane Archer, a small girl was tomahawked and scalped, and left for dead but recovered.
"Col. William Harrod, was a little short of six feet, (not more than an eigth of an inch wanting) raw-boned, about 180 pounds, dark hair and complexion. He was fond of hunting, in one day he killed eleven deer, a wolf, and a wildcat on Fishing Creek. One Fall in Kentucky, he killed 110 deer and sent the skins up river. This was somewhere in the 1780s. He killed 28 bear and 75 deer on a six weeks fall hunt up on Fish Creek.
"Col. Harrod came to Kentucky in the Spring of 1795 and lived with his son William in Bracken County at the head of Locust Creek, and died October 9th 1801 after a few days illness with fever. He was buried near the present Sharon Meeting House.
"Col. James Harrod may have been out on the Forbes Campaign, don't recollect. In 1773 he explored Kentucky with several in a party. Went to Greenbriar. Next Spring, went again and settled Harrodsburg, etc.
"The elder Harrod (John)had two sons, John and Thomas, by a first wife, then married Sarah Moore. Thomas Harrod (Col. James Harrod's half brother) settled in North Carolina, and James used to go and visit him, and there very likely met Boone and others and learned of Kentucky. He was six feet, could read and write, spare, dark black hair and eyes. He (James) probably met foul play out trapping. Made his will at Washington, Kentucky, and then went out on his last trapping on the Sandy.
"Col. David Williamson boarded at William Harrod's at Big Cove. Levi Harrod was one of the pilots on the White Woman's Campaign, this was about 1790 or 1791. Williamson and someone else commanded, quite a body of men. Captain William Crawford was a captain, no fighting, all horsemen. Found the Indians too strong. Thomas Stokely was along.
"Captain Ezekiel Rose was wounded thru the body, a very bad one, had a silk handkerchief pulled thru the wound several times, got well and lived on Shirtee or Pigeon Creek.
"General James Ray, when a man was out plowing at Harrodsburg, and an Indian was stealing up behind him, got in the rear and shot the Indian. The man escaped to the fort and reported.
"Ben Eulen, perhaps a man killed with him, ran and jumped down from the eastern bank of the Kanawa, some 60 or 70 feet. Would have been killed but for the grape vines, as it was he had his thigh broken and perhaps an arm. Was taken to the fort at Pt. Pleasant. Had a halt in his walk when my informant saw him at Pt. Pleasant. A heavy set small man.
"James Harrod, once out hunting on horse back, fired, horse jumped and threw him and broke his thigh. At a subsequent period he had the other broken the same way.
"Captain Jesse Pigman commmanded a company at Wappatomika in 1774, an old Indian fighter, who lived in Muddy Creek Section.
"Col. William Harrod--early in the French War, prior to Forbes Expedition. Harrod was stationed at, and this was probably his first service, and very likely in 1755, at Fort Littleton, (so his son thinks) and rather than receive the contumelious insults, he engaged in a fisticuff fight, and came out first best amid the shouts of "hurrah for the widow's son." Hence his father had deceased prior to this date." November 1845 "
"History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties, Pennsylvania 1884, 974.801B411 1978, Chicago: Waterman, Watkins & Co., page 595:
"The settlers in the Little Cove (now Franklin county) and on the Connolloways, at the time of Secretary Peters' visit to the Big Cove [2 July 1750, no one there in 1741 according to his report], were: Joseph Coombe, John Herrod, William James, Thomas Yates, Lewis Williams, Elias Stilwell, John Meeser (?), John Newhouse, Rees Shelby, William Lofton, Charles Wood, Henry Pierson, George Rees, William Morgan, John Lloyd, Levi Moore, John Graham, Wm. Linn, Andrew Coombe, John Polk and Thomas Haston.