Shamefully James I dont know a lot about the Amana way of life. Their religion of course is typically like most Christian religions their big difference with the old world was that they didnt believe in the formal protocals of the church and avoided conflict (they were conscientious objectors) and the other big variance, they believed that God would speak thru Inspirationalists. I dont think there ever was one in the Colonies unless Christian Metz was one back in the 1840s. This was called Pietism and it was quite common thruout France Germany and Switzerland. Most of them came in the 1840s from Germany, set up a community in Ebenezer NY and then came to Iowa in the 1850s. Dont know when my family came or what part of germany they were from hence my request on this site! And of course they lived a communal life style in Amana, no wages, etc. That all ended in the 1930s. They couldn't manage the colonies with communal living thru the recessions and depressions of the economy. My great grandmother the one you noted with a 'c' was named Carolina I remember she was a head cook in Middle Amana and had a one room for her living needs. When she was old the community took total care of her til she died in 1961.