I would think that the John Hoge buried in California, MO, is Samuel's father since Samuel lived there at the time. The birth date and the state on the birth record you found seem to fit everything we know about John. I'm not sure if you can find anything to make the match better.
Do you have a location (town or county) in PA for the birth record? I recall that is what my father was looking for when he was searching in the 1990's
Things you might want to look for: A marriage record probably in PA probably 1810 to 1814 Census Records 1800 - 1810 - 1820 - 1830