This is the information I have collected on Richard-1 Hubbell, the immigrant ancestor. Each factual statement is footnoted with the source from which I acquired the material, but GenForum does not support footnotes so if you have a question about sources please e-mail me and I'll be happy to provide them to you. Of course, I also welcome corrections or additions to any of the information which I do have.
Richard Hubbell, the immigrant ancestor, was born in England around 1627; he was most likely the Richard Hubbell whose baptism was recorded in the Ribbesford Parish register on 22 January 1625/6.This Richard was the son of Richard-A Hubbell, Sr. and Sarah Wakeman.Sarah was the daughter of Francis Wakeman and Ann Goode, at Bewdley (Ribbesford Parish), Wocestershire, England, and married Richard on 21 April 1621. Another source gives the date recorded in the Parish Register as 31 April 1621, but recognizes that there is no such date.It is probable then that the "3" is really a "2."Richard Sr. was a farmer by profession. Sarah Wakeman was baptized on 23 April 1593.Raymoure, D., at 347, 348; she died in February of 1634/5, perhaps of the Plague of 1630-36.
It is unclear exactly when Richard came to America, where he settled in New Haven, New Haven County Connecticut, although he was probably very young at the time.It is likely that he arrived with one of his two Wakeman uncles -- probably John Wakeman, a merchant and later colonial magistrate -- shortly after his mother's death in February 1634/5.The Wakeman connection is evident from the fact that young Richard was called "Mr. Wakeman's man" several times in the New Haven Colony's early records.
He took the oath of fidelity at New Haven on 7 March 1647/8, at which time he was probably around twenty-one years old.He later moved to Guilford, New Haven County, and was admitted a planter there on 25 February 1653/4 when he purchased Samuel Blatchley's lots and accomodations on the west side of State Street.He took the oath of fidelity for Guilford the same year on May 4, and his name appears on a list of Guilford's freemen in 1657/8.
Richard was married three times.He married first ELIZABETH-3 MEIGS, daughter of John Meigs and Thomasina Fry of Guilford, around 1651, probably at New Haven.Elizabeth was born around 1631 in New Haven.They had eight children:
i John b.c. 1652 m. Patience Nichols
ii Richard b.c. 1654 m. Rebecca Moorehouse
iii James b. 1656 d. [10-11] December 1656
iv Samuel b. 6 November 1657 m. (1) Elizabeth Wilson
m. (2) Temperence Nichols
v Elizabeth bpt. 16 November 1659 m. (1) Joseph Frost
m. (2) Samuel Hull
vi Ebenezer bpt. 16 November 1659 m.
vii Mary b.c. 1661 m. James Newton
viii Martha b. ante 1664 m. John Wakeman
In 1655, he brought suit against William Chittenden, the agent for Rev. Henry Whitfield, to recover damages for the loss of a cow gored by Whitfield's bull.The edited court transcript follows:
" At a pticular Court held the 14th of May 1655 Richard Hubball pltff agst William Chittenden Agent or Atturney for Mr. Whitfield defdt in case or action depending betwixt the said pltff and defdt as followth viz:
Richard Hubball appeared and pleaded that some time this last winter Mr. Witfield's Bull did push his Cow so that she dyed to the damage of five poundes wch he desires the justice of the Court may repaid him by the said Mr. Whitfield or his Agent as they shall meet:Goodwife Hill testifyed that some evening this winter shee went out wth a dark lantherne to help her husband to water his horse and shee standing still in the yarde with the lantherne while he went to the water, did turn the light towards Richard Hubbells Cow, the bull standing neare her as she sate or lay on the ground, and she turned the light that the bull might see yt it was a Cow and so might not push her knowing yt he was a doghead beast or surly and had used to push some of the steers cattll formerly. . . . Abraham Crittenden senr testifyed that he comeing at Richard Hubbells request to see his Cow after she had received some hurt this winter or spring did perceive that she had one of her ribs broke near to the lower end of the rib . . . .Richard Hubball alleged that when he slayed the Cow he found that one of her ribs was broken into three pieces. . . . Elizabeth Hubball wife to the sd Richard Hubball testifyeth yt wn she milked ye sd Cow the same evening but a little before the Bull had so pushed her she seemed to ayle nothing at all But the next morning appeared so ill and wounded. . . . The Court Considering the business doe finde it proved that the Cow was killed by the said Bull mentioned she being well immediately before he pushed her and suddenly after grieously wounded and forsook her meat until she dyed.But they no finding proofs that the owner had ever been informed of any more pushings, that was done at one turne of time about three years since, doe Conclude it to be the Case of a Meere afflicting providence and doe therefore appoint that the Bull shall be sold and the pay equally divided betwixt Richard Hubball and Mr. Whitfield."
In 1662, when he was about thirty-five, he became embroiled in a more serious controversy by allowing his name to be used on a document by a group in Guilford supportive of King Charles II and the union of the New Haven and Connecticut Colonies.At the time, such support was considered a seditious act, since the colony's government was distinctly anti-Royalist.The group was brought to trial, during which time
" Richard Hubball called for examination, was told by ye governr yt it was ye court's pleasure to have those called whose names was subscribed, & therefore desired to know whether he owned these subscriptions.He evading a plain answer, not being able to write himself, was asked whether it was not with his consent.He answered yt there was a paper shewed to him & he was asked if they should sett his hand to it, to which he answered if they would they might. . . .Being further questioned . . . he answered he had no hand in ye contriving of them [the documents]. . . .He was also asked whether he did now retract wt he had done, or stand in ye justification of it, or was sorry that is so spread abroad in ye country to make such disturbances as at Stamford & Southhold?He answered that it was only his desire to have wt our law did allow & no more.What ever else was besides his intention, & he doth renounce & disown it, & is sorry for any thing beyond this."
He was subsequently acquitted.
Richard lived in Guilford until about 1664, when the records show that he moved or intended to move to Fairfield, Fairfield County, in the Connecticut Colony.Fairfield records show that he was "accepted to be made free" on 13 October 1664, a probationary status accorded any newcomer to the parish church.He was "made free" on 10 October 1669, suggesting that in the five intervening years he disposed of his Guilford holdings and established himself at Fairfield.He settled in an area called Pequonnock, which was later named Stratfield (for its location between Stratford and Fairfield), and is today part of Bridgeport.
Elizabeth (Meigs) Hubbell died in 1664, probably in Stratfield, and Richard subsequently married Elizabeth Gaylord, daughter of Samuel Gaylord of Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut.They had four children:
ix Samuel b.c. 1670 m. Elizabeth Burr
x Abigail b.c. 1672 m. Samuel French
xi James b.c. 1673 m.
xii Sarah b.c. 1675 m. Josiah Stevens
On 19 May 1675, he was ordered by the town to "deliver into the magazine of Fairfield . . . eight hundred weight of lead, for the use of the magazine of Fairfield, in payment of a debt of sixteen pounds two shillings, due from him to the town treasury for a parcel of meadow land."On 14 November 1676, he purchased twenty-eight acres of upland from Henry Sumers.
In 1685, he was one of the eleven residents of Fairfield singled out by the General Court to whom the Fairfield Patent, confirming the settlers' title to the lands they occupied, was granted on 26 May 1685.Moreover, he was a Sergeant in the Fairfield Trainband (militia), and served as a Deputy to the Connecticut Legislature in May of 1678, 1679, and 1681.
Elizabeth died in early 1688 and was buried in the Stratfield burial ground.Richard subsequently married Abigail (Prudden) Walker, widow of Joseph Walker and daughter of Rev. Peter and Joanna (Boyce) Prudden.Because of his advancing age, Richard agreed to set aside the conventional right of the husband to assume his wife's estate upon marriage:
" Whereas there is a marriage shortly to be solemnized between Richard Hubbell, Senior, of Fairfield and Abigail Walker of Stratford; these are to give notice to any whom it may concern, that I the said Hubbell doe accept and take ye womans person, wholly disclaiming all or any part of the estate moveable or immoveable that did pertain to Joseph Walker her late husband deceased, witness my hand this 16th April 1688."
They had two children:
xiii Joseph b.c. 1689 d. 1700
xiv John b.c. 1691 m. (1) Anne Wells
m. (2) Abigail
Richard was one of the nine original members of the First Church of Christ in Stratfield.For more than fifty years after the first settlement at Stratfield, the planters had had no church of their own and were required to attend services in either Stratford or Fairfield.Traveling that distance during the cold winters was quite a hardship.The citizens petitioned the colonial government for relief, and in 1690 ecclesiastical privileges were granted to the Parish of Stratfield.In 1694, the foundation of the church was laid on Meetinghouse Hill, and construction was completed in June 1695.The first services were held on 13 June, when a drum called the people to worship (there was no bell).
Richard died at Stratfield on 23 October 1699, and was buried in the Stratfield Burial Ground.There are two gravestones there for him: the original, which reads simply "RH -- 1699" and a modern stone erected by his descendents which reads:
" Richard Hubball
Born in England
-- 1626 --
Died in America
-- 1699 --
Founder of the Hubbell Family"
His will, written on 5 April 1699, was proved November 20 of the same year:
" In the name of God, Amen.I Richard Hubwell of Paquaonnock in ye County of Ffairefield aged Seaventy two years or thereabouts, being at prsent in pfect health, and of sound memory and understanding, do make this my last will and testament in manner and forme following (vizt) I commit my body to the earth to be desently buryed by Surviving relations, my Soul into the hands of Jesus Christ, my blessed Saviour and redeemer, and as to what worldly estate God hath beene pleased to bless me with, I doo hereby give bequeath & will the same as followeth. (vizt)
Imprimis I doo hereby ratifie and confirme unto my Sonne John Hubwell decd his heires & assignes whatsoever I have formerly given him as by deed of guift will appear and to his sonne Richard Hubwell I give the some of ffive Shillings.
It I do rattifie and Confirme to my Sonne Samuel Hubwell senior, whatsoever I have formerly given him as by deed of guift will app. As also I doo give unto him ffive pounds in provision pay to be payd him immediately after my decease.
It I doo give to Ebenezer Hubwell sonne of my sonne Ebenezer Hubwell ffourty acres of land to be taken out my Long lott.
It I doo give and confirme to my Sonne Richard Hubwell whatsoever lands he doo now enjoy of myne and what he shall see cause to improve within ye Space of Tenn yeares of my Long lott.
It I doo give & bequeath to my daughter Elizabet ffrost over and besides what she hath allready had and recd of me, ye sume of Twenty pounds.
It I doo give and bequeath to my daughter Mary Newton ye sume of ffive pounds.
It I doo give and bequeath to my daughter Marth Wakeman over & besides what I have formerly given her one heavie piece of eight.
It I give and beqeath to my Sonne Samuel Hubwell junior over & besides what I have formerly given him as by deed of guift or otherwise shall app. what land he shall see cause to improve in my Long lott not hereby before disposed of.
It I give to my daughter Abigail ffrench one Cow, and after my wives decease Tenn pounds of my moveable estate.
It I doo give & bequeath to my daughter Sarah Hubwell the sume of One hundred pounds in currant provision pay.
It I give and bequeath to my three sonnes James, Joseph and John Hubwell, all my lands not herein before given to be equally divided between them only my Sonne James to have out of this guift ffoure acres of meadow in the great meadow.All the rest of my estate reall and psonall I doo hereby give and bequeath to my loving wife Abigaile during her naturall life, whome together with my Sonne Samuel Hubwell senior I doo make sole & whole executors of this my last will & testament, to whome (my just debts and legacies being first payd) I doo hereby give & bequeath all the rest of my estate not herein before given & bequeathed, still meaning & intending my wife not to have anything thereof longer than during her naturall life.
In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale this ffith day of Aprill in ye year of our Lord 1699."
An inventory of the estate, taken September 3, lists the following items:
" 1 Broadcloth Cloake broadcloth Coat, 1 Sarg vest, 1 old Coat, 1 [?], 1 pare of ould lether Briches, 1 pr of Shoes, Stockings, Lining 2 hats 1 Sword & belt, 1 gune 1 gune Locke 1 [vest?], 1 Raisour Bulet molds, Books not given before [?] winscut Bedsted, Curtings Raods & valens 1 fether bead & bolster, 1 Coverled & 1 Blankit 2 pilowes & Coverlid yeron, 3 flock Beds 2 fether bolsters, fethers & silkgras sheets, 6 old Coverlids 1 blankit 2 new Coverlids, 1 Sale Coverlid 1 winscut bedsted, 1 old winscut bedsted 1 trundell bedsted 1 ditto, 1 Cubord & Lock 1 winscut Chist & box, 1 Chist 1 trunck 1 Cubord Cloath 1 Cubord cushen, 4 Chairs 3 Cushens 1 Small tabell, 2 Sidr barels 2 meeat barels 3 halfe tubs, old Caske 2 runlits bread tray Ridles, 2 hand pails 2 Small butter tubs Cheas [fatts?], wooden ware 2 old Sives 6 trenchers, 1 halfebusell 1 great tabell 2 Spining whels 1 hetchell [Cranks?], 1 Sithe 2 sickles 2 new hooes 1 shovell 1 spade, 1 mattuck 2 old hooes 1 handsawe 2 narow axes, 1 broad ax 2 forkes 1 [?] ax 1 old ax, 1 Ads 2 gimblits sithe [?] old gaug & chisell, old Iron 1 [Lb] of steele small Chaen 8 sheepshers, pinchers fier tongs tramell firepaell horsgears, 2 hors Colers bridell & sadell & cloth 1 pare Iron fetters, 1 pare of stileurds pees hoocke, 36 pounds of puter 6 [?] 10 [lbs] old puter, 1 bear pot great brase Kitell Small ditto, 1 brasse Skilet 1 bras pan & Citell & Cabdellstick, 1 old warmeng pan Cup & Salt Seller 9 Spoons tunell, 1 Iron pot 1 ditto 1 Iron Kittell frieng pan, 1 Lamp Driping pan 1 yoake with furneture, 1 Cart & whels & boxes & bands & extra pins & [hingpin?], 1 great plow & Irons 1 Small ditto & Shear, beetell & Rings & weeges, 16 pounds nailes 1 diaper tabell cloth, 5 diaper Napkins tabell Lining Salt, 4 [bushels] wheat 50 [bushels] Enden Corne, 4 bages Looking glas butter & meat, Wheat In the Barne barley In ditto, oats Rye flax haye, 1 pare fat oxen 1 pare of working oxen, 4 Cowes 4 3 yer old Sters 4 2 yr olds, 2 Booke [Calves?] 1 [Sorel?] Hors, 1 hors 23 Shep [?] Sheep 12 Lames, 6 Swine 1 grinston 1 Cowe bell 1 Cubard, 1 box Iron 1 grater 2 arthern pots, Cart rope truell 1 branding Iron 1 barell & Lock of [pistol?], 1 Dwelling House 1 barne, 4 acours of hoom Lot with orchard & one acour of it at £5 Swamp & Sid hill the other 3 acers at £10, 4 Acours of Englesh medo at £10 pr acr, 24 Acours of Land In the hoomestead at £7 pr acr, 13 Acours of Land near Capt. Sherwoods at £6 pr acr, 11½ of Land In [horwes?] Lot at £6 pr acoure, 5 Acours ditto In Jacksons neck, 8 Acours of medoo In Jacksons necks at £8 pr acr, 6 Acours of Land Joyneng to the hoomested that Samll Hubbell Sr hath Liberty by grant from his father to purchis at the Sume of £40.00.00, And Said hubbell Doth Say beefore us the Subscribers that hee doth now Enter upon Said Land & will pay the purchis, the Long Lott & all his Rights In the perpetuall Comans, His Rights In pols necke, a parcell of Land In fairfeld Lieng near or beetwen John wakemons barne & Elnathan Hanfords house to say 30 foot Long & 20 foot wide fronting to the hy way, 2 Last divisons at Compou, 4½ acours wheat on the ground."
Added to this list on 14 March 1700 were several items "as ye widow presents:"
" two ould agers, draft yock [yoke] with ye Eyorons [Irons], 2 bushels of fflax, 3 ackors of Land, 8 ackors of ffild Land, 1 ackor & quartor of medow, ye Pasture Lot yt was Isaak Sherwoods."
The value of these additional items was £83.02.00.The total value of the estate was thus £847.18.00.
An accounting of Abigail's portion of the estate, dated 25 March 1700, showed she received the following under the distribution of her late husband's assets:
" her part of houseing, herd of Commons, herd of the long lott, 4 acres of Orchard, 2 acres land joyning to the Orchard, 3 acres fresh Meadow, Land at Compaw, her right in Pauls neck, 2 acres meadow [at?] Jacksons neck, 1¼ acre & 8 rod [?] ground ¼ was Isaac Sherwoods pasture lott, 11½ acres land [?] Capt. Sherwoods, 1½ acre land in the homestead, 1 acre of land joyning to Richard Hubbels land in Lockwoods pound within Richard Hubbels fence, moveables, 2 acres fresh Meadow joyning to Johns."
The value was £277.19.04.Abigail died in February, 1718/9, in Stratfield. On 3 April 1719, a distribution of Abigail portion of her late husband's estate was made to the surviving heirs.The distribution was ordered by the probate court on 16 March 1718/9, so it is probable that Abigail died within the month prior to that date.